Terrorism in India has grown largely since independence, particularly in the last two decades. It has been feeding off the personnel sufferings by luring governments into actions that throw out hard-earned library of contemporary people. The area with long term terrorist action today is of Jammu Kashmir, Mumbai, Central India and Seven sister States. In the past, the Punjab mutiny led to militant activities in the Indian state Punjab as well as the national capital Delhi. Nevertheless, it was the March 12, 1993 serial bombing Bombay, which made all and sundry felt the faces of international terrorism India.

      Terrorism is a criminal act. It is the acts of illegal violence and war. It is an organized system of threats and brutality especially for political purposes. It is an organized system of threats and brutality especially for political purposes. It is a bit fateful that India is facing aggression from our bordering countries. Pakistan since its formation has always harboured terrorist elements against India with the purpose of weakening the country. China, the Big Brother, supports Pakistan in their attempt to split India. India faces pressure from Bangladesh and from Sri Lanka in South. Since India has open-borders with Nepal, terrorist use Nepal as easy entry and exit points

      There are many terrorist groups in India. India’s terrorism problem is explicit to Jammu and Kashmir. Hizhul Mujahideen, Lashkar-e-Toiba, Jaish-e-Mohammed, Harkatul-Mujahideen, Jamiat-ul-Mujahidheen etc are some of  violence and want to coerce governments into agreements on certain issues.

      There are many acts in India to stop terrorism. The  National Agency Bill 2008, the Unlawful Activities Prevention Amendment act 2008, the prevention of Terrorism, Ordinance 2004,the prevention of Terrorism Act 2003,the protection  of  Human Right Act 1992,etc are some of them. However, the government is still lagging behind complementing strong and adequate measure to combat forward to control this threat.

      Today terrorists are developing new methods of attack. They are improving the efficiency of existing methods also. The most dangerous fact is that they are becoming prominent as international influences in their own right.



Government of Kerala recently has decided to implement sex education in the state. Nevertheless, unluckily it was withdrawn because of some mass opinion against its implementation. The moralistic position they took on the issues was the main explanation of them for resisting the decision of the government. Actually, sex education is important in our country where prevalence of abusing child in sex linked crimes are reported recently ever more.

 There is no compromise in the country to begin sex and reproductive health education in the school and college curriculum. In addition, we know that parents are hesitating to speak to their children about the subject and other such matters. They all consider sex a taboo. This leads to ignorance.

 Actually, in schoolchildren learn biological changes in girls and boys and reproductive system, etc. They are learning only basics. They are not learning the topics of sexual contact and sexually transmitted diseases, etc. Unawareness about this matter leads them to dilemma about these matters. Remember, sex education is not sexual experimentation. Sex education in the right time helps the children to respect a boyfriend, a girlfriend and spouse and a technique to respect sexual preferences. It gives children an opportunity to talk about sex openly and to accept sex positively. It helps them to conclude that sex is a means to sustain life on earth. Therefore, they can avoid misunderstanding about sex.




Nan technology is shortened to nano-tech. It is a new form of technology. It is one of the best examples of the developments and improvements in artificial brains of recent men. It is one of the molecular technologies. It is the discipline of study of the controlling of matter on an atomic and molecular scale. Nanotechnology and nano-science was launched in the early 1980’s with a few major modern developments, such as cluster science, invention of STM and the Atomic Force Microscope (AFM).These developments  led to the breakthrough of fullerenes in 1985 and carbon nano-tubes a few year later. In another development, the synthesis and properties of semiconductor nano-crystals was studied; this leads to a fast increasing number of metal and metal oxide nano-particles and quantum dots. In 2000, the united state co-ordinate Federal Nanotechnology Research and Developments.

There has been much debate among scientific community today on whether this technology is a boon or bane. It has potential to create many new materials and devices with a vast range of applications, such as in medicine, electronics and energy production. Recently, the project on Emerging nanotechnologies protected that over 800 manufactures-identified nano-tech products are publicly available with new ones hitting the marker at a pace 3-4 per week. The project lists all of the products in the publically reachable online catalog. Most applications are limited to the use of first generation passive nano material which includes titanium dioxide in sunscreen and cosmetics and some food products; Carbon allotropes used to produce “gecko Tape”; zinc oxide in sunscreen and cosmetics, surface coating, paints and outdoor furniture varnishes; and cerium oxide as a fuel catalyst, silver ion food packing, clothing disinfectants and household appliances etc.

On the other hand, it raises many of the issues as with any introduction of new technology, including concerns about the toxicity and environmental impact of nano-meters, and their potential effect on global economies, as well as speculations about various doomsday scenarios. A study recognized that when rats breathed in nano-pesticide, the particles settled in brain and lugs, which led to considerable boost in bio markers for information and stress response. Another study suggests some form of carbon nano-tubes could be as asbestos if inhaled in considerable quantities. Further, a study reports that silver nano particles which area bacteriostatic, may devastate helpful bacteria, which are important for breaking down organic matter in waste treatment plants or farm

Whatever be the judgment about nanotechnology, it is a fact that it could offer a lifestyle never before predicted; on the other hand, it could cause a total extermination. They say that time would let know whether it would bestow us immortality or total extinction.







Kerala is one of the developing states in India. It has rich and varied natural resources and cultural and social heritage. A lot here depends upon the moods of monsoon. This is truer especially for the agricultural sector. A larger part of the arable land in Kerala is rain fed. Never the less, frequent monsoon failures create many problems in relation with poverty and food insecurity. In addition, the failure to secure a balanced diet manifests the low calorie intake and low level of consumption of protein. The continuous existence of underutilized natural resources also makes these problems worse. Everything together creates many socio and economic problems in Kerala.

       Poverty and famine are affecting equally to the people of Kerala for a long time. With more than a half century of planning, a continuous agricultural development with new strategy Green Revolution, the production of food gains has no doubt increased enough to meet the need of the people. In other words, a satisfactory picture on food gains seems to emerge over the last few years. Yet the total production of food grains has been inadequate in relation to demand and a large proportion of Kerala people are still unable to obtain a balanced diet.

       The food scarcity in Kerala is not merely a quantities problem; it has many aspects, wiz, qualitative, administrative and economical. Inadequate supply of food grains, deficient nutrient content of food, high prices of food grains, strain on foreign exchange, social and political instability etc are some of the different aspects of the food scarcity in Kerala.

       The concept of food security has been evolved during the last three decades to include not only foods availability but also economic access to food and the biological absorption of food in the body. Adequate per capita availability of food is a function of the balance between food production on the one hand, and growth in population and purchasing power on the other.

In Kerala food security has been viewed primarily as that of ensuring a certain minimum supply of food grains at reasonable prices, particularly to the poor who generally do not have enough to eat. World development report defined food security as access by all people at all times to enough food for an active, healthy life. Food and agriculture organization defined food security as ensuring that all people at all times have both physical and economic access to basic food they need.

Short Essay Writing on CHANDRAYAAN 1


Chandrayaan 1 was India’s first unmanned lunar probe. It was a major boost to India’s space program. It is India’s own developed technology in order to explore the moon. It was launched by India’s national space agency; the Indian space research organization .Chandrayaan means “moon craft”. Moon has always enthralled Indians from ancient days this led to scientific study of the moon and chandrayaan 1 is the first mission towards the dream.

       The ISRO successfully launched chandrayaan 1 on 22 October 2008 from Satish dhawan Centre, Shriharikotta, Andhra Pradesh India, thus become the fourth country to place its flag on the moon. It was launched to study the lunar surface to make a complete map of its chemical characteristics and three dimensional land spaces. It carried 11 scientific instruments build in India, USA, Germany Sweden and Bulgaria. Its launch vehicle was 2009. Actually it was intended to survey the moon for two years. Even though it is unexpectedly ended, the mission achieved 95 per cent of its planned objective by providing large amount of data. It completed more than 3400 revolutions around the moon and dispatched over 70,000 images of the moon through a NASA instrument called moon mineralogy map per.

       The launch of chandrayaan 1 shows that India is now ready to fly high in the field of science. India is proud of this moon mission. Mission failures are usual for countries and organizations. Now the Indian space organization has announced that chandrayaan 2 is expected to be launched by the year 2013. The craft will include Lander and a rover for a soft land on the moon. The rover, which lands on the moon, will move on its surface to collect samples of rocks and soil and conduct chemical analysis on the samples. The data from analysis would be sent to the craft, which would be circling above. India has planned to launch missions to mars also in 2030.