TERRORISM IN INDIA Terrorism in India has grown largely since independence, particularly in the last two decades. It has been feeding off the personnel sufferings by luring governments into actions that throw out hard-earned library of contemporary people. The area with long term terrorist action today is of Jammu Kashmir, Mumbai, Central India and Seven sister States. In the past, the Punjab mutiny led to militant activities in the Indian state Punjab as well as the national capital Delhi. Nevertheless, it was the March 12, 1993 serial bombing Bombay, which made all and sundry felt the faces of international terrorism India. Terrorism is a criminal act. It is the acts of illegal violence and war. It is an organized system of threats and brutality especially for political purposes. It is an organized system of threats and brutality especially for political purposes. It is a bit fateful that India is facing aggression from our bordering countries. Pakistan since its formation has always harboured terrorist elements against India with the purpose of weakening the country. China, the Big Brother, supports Pakistan in their attempt to split India. India faces pressure from Bangladesh and from Sri Lanka in South. Since India has open-borders with Nepal, terrorist use Nepal as easy entry... read more
NECESSITY OF SEX EDUCATION Government of Kerala recently has decided to implement sex education in the state. Nevertheless, unluckily it was withdrawn because of some mass opinion against its implementation. The moralistic position they took on the issues was the main explanation of them for resisting the decision of the government. Actually, sex education is important in our country where prevalence of abusing child in sex linked crimes are reported recently ever more. There is no compromise in the country to begin sex and reproductive health education in the school and college curriculum. In addition, we know that parents are hesitating to speak to their children about the subject and other such matters. They all consider sex a taboo. This leads to ignorance. Actually, in schoolchildren learn biological changes in girls and boys and reproductive system, etc. They are learning only basics. They are not learning the topics of sexual contact and sexually transmitted diseases, etc. Unawareness about this matter leads them to dilemma about these matters. Remember, sex education is not sexual experimentation. Sex education in the right time helps the children to respect a boyfriend, a girlfriend and spouse and a technique to respect sexual preferences. It gives children an opportunity to talk about sex openly and... read more
NANOTECHNOLOGY AND NANO SCIENCE Nan technology is shortened to nano-tech. It is a new form of technology. It is one of the best examples of the developments and improvements in artificial brains of recent men. It is one of the molecular technologies. It is the discipline of study of the controlling of matter on an atomic and molecular scale. Nanotechnology and nano-science was launched in the early 1980’s with a few major modern developments, such as cluster science, invention of STM and the Atomic Force Microscope (AFM).These developments led to the breakthrough of fullerenes in 1985 and carbon nano-tubes a few year later. In another development, the synthesis and properties of semiconductor nano-crystals was studied; this leads to a fast increasing number of metal and metal oxide nano-particles and quantum dots. In 2000, the united state co-ordinate Federal Nanotechnology Research and Developments. There has been much debate among scientific community today on whether this technology is a boon or bane. It has potential to create many new materials and devices with a vast range of applications, such as in medicine, electronics and energy production. Recently, the project on Emerging nanotechnologies protected that over 800 manufactures-identified nano-tech products are publicly available with new ones hitting the marker at a... read more
FOOD INSECURITY IN KERALA Kerala is one of the developing states in India. It has rich and varied natural resources and cultural and social heritage. A lot here depends upon the moods of monsoon. This is truer especially for the agricultural sector. A larger part of the arable land in Kerala is rain fed. Never the less, frequent monsoon failures create many problems in relation with poverty and food insecurity. In addition, the failure to secure a balanced diet manifests the low calorie intake and low level of consumption of protein. The continuous existence of underutilized natural resources also makes these problems worse. Everything together creates many socio and economic problems in Kerala. Poverty and famine are affecting equally to the people of Kerala for a long time. With more than a half century of planning, a continuous agricultural development with new strategy Green Revolution, the production of food gains has no doubt increased enough to meet the need of the people. In other words, a satisfactory picture on food gains seems to emerge over the last few years. Yet the total production of food grains has been inadequate in relation to demand and a large proportion of Kerala people are still unable to obtain a balanced diet.... read more
CHANDRAYAAN 1 Chandrayaan 1 was India’s first unmanned lunar probe. It was a major boost to India’s space program. It is India’s own developed technology in order to explore the moon. It was launched by India’s national space agency; the Indian space research organization .Chandrayaan means “moon craft”. Moon has always enthralled Indians from ancient days this led to scientific study of the moon and chandrayaan 1 is the first mission towards the dream. The ISRO successfully launched chandrayaan 1 on 22 October 2008 from Satish dhawan Centre, Shriharikotta, Andhra Pradesh India, thus become the fourth country to place its flag on the moon. It was launched to study the lunar surface to make a complete map of its chemical characteristics and three dimensional land spaces. It carried 11 scientific instruments build in India, USA, Germany Sweden and Bulgaria. Its launch vehicle was 2009. Actually it was intended to survey the moon for two years. Even though it is unexpectedly ended, the mission achieved 95 per cent of its planned objective by providing large amount of data. It completed more than 3400 revolutions around the moon and dispatched over 70,000 images of the moon through a NASA instrument called moon mineralogy map per. The launch of chandrayaan... read more
ASEAN AGREEMENT The ASEAN agreement is an agreement with India and Asian countries to import certain electronic as well as agriculture goods into India. The agreement was only for trade–in-goods and die not consist of software and information technology. There has been much debate about the agreement. In this era globalization, it is a fact that no country can survive without adaptation. The agreement is very important from the perspective of India since the main objective of the agreement is to complete with Chinese products in term of price. As a result, china has hastily claimed a major pie in the market across the region .When we give consent to ASEAN nations to expect their googs to India, the safety of farmers and small traders will be put at stake. Kerala is going to see the most terrible effects of the ASEAN agreement. Kerala people have already started protesting against this agreement. The agricultural products scheduled in the ASEAN agreement consist of tea, coffee rubber and pepper .We know that Kerala is the most important procedure of such goods in India. If such an agreement comes in action, it will reduce the price of such goods in turn affecting the farmers and the economy as well .Farmers... read more
Proverb Expansion The meaning of the proverb is that only by hard work can we achieve success in life. Hard work and success go hand in hand. Gone are the days of miracles. In the present day world of tough competition, we cannot achieve anything by simply sitting idle. We have to work hard and channelize our talents in the right direction through constant effort to overcome the problems in life. A lazy person will never achieve success in life. One has to work hard and take great pains to achieve the desired results. To achieve success, one has to give up many comforts and undergo many hardships. Most of the great men achieved success by dint of hard work. Great scientists like Louis Pasteur and C.V. Raman worked day and night in their laboratories. Great writers and artists also shed much sweat to gain fame and name. We should also work hard if we want to achieve success in life. Swami Vivekananda said, “Arise, awake and stop not till the goal is reached”. So it can be concluded that industry or hard work is the mother of success.
Proverb Expansion Life is not a bed of roses. It is in fact a bed of thorns. Life is full of sorrows and difficulties and sometimes it is brightened by joys. Every day and every time, we have to face hardships and struggle against problems. When we have to face obstacles often, we may not develop a healthy attitude towards life. We may become pessimistic. But we have to exist by fighting against the obstacles in life. So we must forget the harsh realities of life for some time and look for something which will help us to live. Humor provides us with ability to look at differently. Humor is the salt of life. It gives us strength to suffer pain and face hardships. When life becomes unbearable, humor provides us with strength to live. It lightens the burden of life. Humor is the instinct which enables great men to take the pains lightly and smilingly and march along the road to success. The ability to enjoy humor is a natural gift. If we possess the quality of taking pains humorously, the pain is not seriously felt and we can march to our goal easily.
Proverb Expansion Honesty means to be truthful and policy means the course of action to be adopted by a man. The proverb means that a person should be honest and sincere in his dealings with others. In other words, honesty is the best course of conduct. An honest man is the emdodiment of many virtues. He is respected and appreciated by others. Even if honesty brings him loss or suffering, an honest man feels he must be honest because it is right to be honest and wrong to be dishonest. Honesty does pay in the long run. A business man is straightforward in his dealings with the public and gives quality goods at fair prices will establish a good reputation. Though he may not make a fortune, he will have a sound and satisfactory business. On the other hand, quick success is often due to dishonest practices. But it is only temporary. The advantages gained by dishonest policies may bring trouble in future. Besides, one has to be more and more dishonest in order to continue in that line of action. One has to face some obstacles in the beginning when he follows an honest course of action. Its advantages are permanent and rewarding. When one begins to believe... read more
Proverb Expansion Life is full of opportunities for success. A person is free to choose any field of activity according to his liking and interest. The wise man chooses only one activity at a time. He devotes his whole energy in that field and succeeds ultimately. But there are people who are eager to get fame and name in different field at the same time. They think that they have the capacity to attain success in different occupations at the same time. They are like the person who tries to catches to hares and gets none. It is true that if one tries to chase two hares at a time, he cannot catch either of them. This is true of people who try to run after many projects and want to fulfill their different goals at a time. We have many opportunities for success in future. We should choose only one field of activity at a time. We should then devote ourselves fully to that field with confidence and concentration. A person who concentrates on different occupations or studies spoils his life because he cannot achieve success in any field. The person who pays his full devotion and concentration to one task at a time gets fame and name.... read more
Proverb Expansion He prayeth best who loveth best All things both great and small, For the God who loveth us He made and loveth all. The best prayer to God is by loving others. Man has the capacity to love and serve others. Love makes man divine. He must love all things in the universe because they are created by God. He should love even the minutest creation of God. Man should also love his brethren. Manifestation of love is the best form of prayer. One can get wisdom and bliss from God through the prayer. One can get the blessings of God when he loves the whole creation of God. When one’s heart is full of love and compassion, he can love everything that God has made, both big and small. If we do not love the creatures that God has made, praying to God is useless. Just as God loves us, He loves the universe because He has created everything. God hears the prayers of those who love and show mercy to His creation. Our expression of love of others brings us closer to God. Love to God is divine. When we pray to God has made. Only then will our prayers become meaningful. God loves all... read more
YOUR FIRST VISIT TO A CITY The school closed for Dussehra holidays. I usually enjoy my holidays in the best possible manner. So I planned to go to an important city with my cousins. I hadn’t been to Mysore and so we decided to visit it during our holidays. It was my first visit to this beautiful and fascinating city. I was also told that the best time to visit Mysore was during the Dussehra festival. I started from my house in Bangalore with two of my cousins. We boarded an express bus to Mysore. We got down at Sreerangapatanam, about fifteen kilometers away from Mysore. The historical town of Sreerangapatanam was the capital of the erstwhile rulers of Mysore, Hyder Ali and Tippu Sultan. These two patriotic rulers of South India fought heroically against the British and laid down their lives for the freedom of the motherland. The city of Sreerangapatanam is a fort city and is on the bank of the river Kaveri. As we entered the fort, we were greeted by a mosque, and a few yards away we saw the famous Ranganath Temple. Inside the fort city we saw the place where the dead body of Tippu Sultan was found after the fourth Mysore war.... read more
STUDENTS INDISCIPLINE A month before the meeting between Deng Xiapong the supreme of China and the Russian President Gorbachev in Beijing the Universities and the Colleges in Beijing were closed. 3000 students were on hunger strike and more than a million students gathered in Tiananmen Square on the day of the meeting. As the Secretary of the Communist Party Zhao Ziyang sided with the students he das to lose his position. This indiscipline among the students was responded by Martial Law by the Politburo of the Chinese Communist Party. What was the reason of indiscipline among the students throughout China? The process of democratization in the country that was promised to them was not complete. The corruption in the government continued. A similar picture can be seen throughout the world. In Philippines they revolted against the tyranny of Marcos. In Punjab there were frequent strikes as the Punjab problem was not solved. In the Hindi belt of India there are strikes in schools and colleges because classes are not held. Teachers do not teach seriously in schools. They take classes at their residence. There is too much corruption in education department and universities. Examinations have become a farce. A few mafia students are given shelter by politicians. The sword... read more
SOURCES OF ENERGY Wind is the oldest source of energy in the world. It was only till the last century that the ships were moved with the help of sails. In a way man used wind to move from one place to another. It served as energy for communication. As no such carriages could be made that could move on land with wind it was easier to travel on seas and rivers than on land. But wind was again the first source of energy after horses and bullocks to draw water from the wells and to grind wheat etc. wind mills were common in a number of countries. Wood was available in abundance throughout the world .It replaced wind as a source of energy as wind could be used only in the areas it was fast. Wood supplied direct heat. The heat changed water into steam. This steam became a very important source of energy. For a long time mills, machines, boats, steamers, ships required either man power or steam power. The problem with wood was that it required great space. Thus it could not be stacked on ships. The discovery of coal solved the problem. As the black gold, as it was called, gave more heat and required... read more
SELFLESS SOCIAL WORK Since the government has neither the will nor proper personnel to enter the field of Social work in the country there is a spurt of NGOs .This has been the trend since the colonial rule .It has continued as so many other trends of the past have. The only difference is that NGOs have been financially supported by the government. Just a checkup will show the good or bad traits of the government in the NGOs too. Gone are the days when social work was handled by Swami Vivekananda in the form of Ramakrishna Mission, Swami Dayanand under the patronage of Arya Samaj.Both of them were a bit generalized and did not offer a specialized scheme. Mother Teresa and Mahatma Gandhi were the two who took on themselves the work in slums of Calcutta and the upgrading of the scheduled castes throughout the country.Baba Amte, Sunderlal Bahuguna, Medha Patkar and many others were more concerned with the rural setting and the uprooting of villages in the dam areas and the ecological devastation by cutting the forests. The catholic missionaries took the cause of the tribals. But as they were basically interested in conversions they created divisions in the tribal belt instead of uniting them and upholding... read more