ROAD ACCIDENTS Road accidents are widespread these days. There is so much of traffic on the roads. The condition in Delhi and Mumbai is most terrible. According to the latest information by National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) in 2008, 14 people die in every hour in road accidents in India. The total annual death due to road accidents has crossed 1.18 lakh, according to the same report. In addiction 4.69 lakh people wounded in road accident; it is nearly four times the total death toll. As per the annual National Crime Recodes Bureau Reports, road accidents have the highest (37.1%) share of unnatural causes of accidental deaths in the country. Trucks or Lorries and two wheelers were to blame for over 40 percent deaths. The hurry during afternoon and evening hours were the serious phases. The reports also defined the periods between 3-6pm are the most accident prone phase, during the day. Traffic experts said accident races were high during these periods because drivers felt anxious out and were often half-asleep while driving. Early morning hours are also likewise, critical. Mumbai tops in accidental death. The largest figures on accidental death in 2008-2009 show that Mumbai accounted for 18.5 percent of the total number in 35 mega cities. Road... read more
RISING PRICES IN KERALA Nowadays our state is characterized by inflation. Inflation means rising prices of essential commodities are increasing alarmingly today in Kerala. It has created a grave economic situation in Kerala; it makes complicated the common people to make both ends meet. The prices of domestic gas, pulses, vegetables, fruits, rice and other necessary goods are sky rocketing. So three square meals a day has become a far-away dream. The hike in price of petrol and diesel trends to affect the entire the economic structure of Kerala. This rising prices does not effect to the privileged people of the society, it is hardest to the middle class society and those live under the below the poverty line. Deficiency of supply of goods in relation to demands is the main cause of the rising prices. Bad corps, untimely rains, greed of the shortage of goods in the market .The reduction or the elimination of the subsides and the other economic helps provided by the government also lead to the increase of the prices of the products. With the liberalization, globalization, and privatization, there has been an increased entry of multinationals and other institutions. They imposed heavy prices on their products so as the get super normal profits. This... read more
INTERNATIONAL YEAR OF BIO-DIVERSITY United Nations have declared 2010 the international year of bio-diversity. It is a unique opportunity to increase understanding of the vital role that biodiversity plays in sustaining life of earth. Bio- diversity was coined as an abbreviation of “Biological Diversity”, in 1985. Bio-Diversity found on Earth today consists of may millions of distinct biological species, the products of four billion years of evolution. It includes every plant, animal and microorganism. As we are central part of nature, we are closely associated with biodiversity, the huge variety of other animals and plants, the place they live and their surrounding environments, all over the world. We depend on this diversity of life to provide with the food, fuel, medicine and other essentials we simply cannot live without. This rich biodiversity is being lost at a greatly accelerated rate because of human activities. This impoverishes us all and weakens the ability to the living system, on which we depend, to resist growing threats such as climate change. The International Year of Biodiversity gives indication to people all over the world to maintain this irreplaceable natural wealth and lessen biodiversity loss.
GOOD ETIQUETTES It is true that there are good and bad etiquette. Any feeling that a person who comes across in our daily life, leaves on our mind will always from their excellent manners. A god mannered person immediately attracts attention. Etiquettes are more sufficient than ethics. Good ethics stand for the growing of a decent personality. Good etiquettes mean good behaviours with others they are nothing but an art of getting along with people, and art of pleasing people. They make persons good. They are credentials we instinctively present to our fellowmen as we make our way through life and on which people base their primary opinion of our merits and demerits. Good ethics extend to the all range of activity-from correct way of eating to wisest and most successful methods of ruling a kingdom. So they can be named as acceptable behaviour. Mark Twain says, “The peach was ones a bitter almond, a cauliflower is nothing but a cabbage with a college education”. This means knowledge unadorned by good etiquettes is but poor achievement. A good manned person is always unbeaten. They are also well-liked, courteous and calm. They are trust worthy and positive. We are social animal we have to live in a society good ethics... read more
GLOBAL WARMING The green house gas connection in the atmosphere has dramatically been increasing over the last 50 years. This has increased almost percent of the observed temperature. The largest contributing source of green house gases is the burning of fossil fuels like oil, gas, kerosene, etc. leading to the emission of carbon dioxide. Global warming refers to a gradual increase in the average temperature of the earth at the lower atmosphere because of the increase in green house gases since in the industrial revolution. When sunlight reaches earth surface some is absorbed and warms in the earth. Most of the rest IR radiated back to the atmosphere at a longer wave length than the light. Water vapour, carbon dioxide(CO2),methane(CH4),ozone(O3),nitrous oxide, sulphur hexafluoride, hydro fluorocarbons, per fluorocarbons, chlorofluorocarbons, etc. in the atmosphere which act like a green house around the earth absorb some of this longer wavelengths before any escaped back in to space. The absorption of this long wave radiant energy warms the atmosphere. This green house gases act like a mirror and reflect back to the earth a part of the heat radiation, which would otherwise be lost to space. The more the concentration of the green house gases, the more heat energy is being reflected back... read more
GLOBAL DIMMING Global dimming is the slow but sure lessening in the amount of global direct irradiance of the earth’s surface that was observed for several decades after the start of systematic measurement in the 1950. The effect varies by location. However, world wide, it has been estimated to be of the order of a four percent reduction over the tree decades from 1960 to 1990.however, after discounting an anomaly caused by the eruption of Mount Pinatubo in 1991, a very slight reversal in the overall trend has been observed. It is through to have been caused in the atmosphere due to human action .the switch from a global dimming to a brightening trend in 1990 happened just as global aerosol levels started to declaim. Global dimming has interfered with the hydrological cycle by reducing evaporation and may have reduced rainfall in some areas. Deliberate manipulation of this dimming effect is now being considered as a Geo-engineering technique to reduce the impact of global warming.
CHILD LABOUR Child labour is the human right issue for the entire world. It is a grave and wide spread social problem. Many children under the age of 14 years in different part of the country do several activities to feed self and family. Child labour is a danger to a child’s mental, physical social, educational, emotional and spiritual development the term child labour means “working child” or “employed child” at habitual and persistent manner. It is any work done by child for earnings. It is an unpleasant term, which translates in to child misuse and cruelty according to sociologists, development workers, medical professionals and educationalists. This practice is considered unlawful in many countries like India. They have recognized child labour unsafe and dangerous to the child’s development needs, both mental and physical. The striking expression by William Wolds Worth, “Child is the father of man” reminds us the position of child in a society. So it becomes urgent for the health of a nation to protect its children from premature labour, which is harmful to their overall developments. It is immediately essential to save children from fatal rule of social injustice and educational deprivation and ensure that they give the opportunities for healthy, standard and happy growth. ... read more
AGREEMENT India and United States operationalised the nuclear deal in 2008 by signing the 123 agreement was extra ordinary and confirmed the infinite prospective for strategic corporation between India and the United States. It is anticipated to boost nuclear power generation in India from 4000 megawatts to 20000 mega watts by 2020 through this agreement. It will encourage world economic growth as nuclear power plant projects worth more than 150 billion dollars will be up for grabs by developed countries. The world economy, which is facing a severe collapse, is expected to get a bit advance nuclear energy investments in India however, the nuclear contract was not just nuclear collaboration. It is supportive to battle against terrorism, to try a new socialist agenda for the twenty first century. Under this deal, India has under taken to separate its civilian and military nuclear facilities , place the former under full-scope international atomic energy agency safeguards, take various measures to prevent export of nuclear weapons technology, contribute to other international non proliferation regimes, as well as to continue with its confirmed suspension on nuclear tests. In other words, India would obey with all obligations of nuclear weapons states which are signatories to the nuclear non proliferation treaty that India has every time held... read more
WONDERS OF SCIENCE We live in the age of science. It is almost impossible to think of modern life without science. Its influence and impact on the life has been so deep and extensive that it has turned this earth into a land of wonders and marvels. All our amenities, comforts and luxuries are the gifts of science. It has changed the complexion of the things to an unrecognizable extent. If anyone of our ancestors were to come, he would certainly fail to recognize the world as the same where he had lived and worked. The present day world is more comfortable, more charming and more desirable than it was during the period of our grandparents. It is so because of the blessings and wonders of science. For example, take the means of communication. They are so fast and easy that countries have come very close to one another. We have conquered both time and distance because of these quickest possible means of transport and communication. Telephone, cell phone, computer, fax, radio, T.V., satellites, space-shuttles and rockets, supersonic aircrafts etc. are wonderful achievements of modern science and technology. The blessings of science are too many to be enumerated. See what an amazing gift is computer. So is atomic energy.... read more
THE COMPUTER Science and technology has a major role to play in modern life of mankind. It has shown miracles in the world from the days of communications with pigeons, the time has ripened where the information floats. Scientists and technologists have made many achievements in recent past. We have developed methods of communication, calculation, transportation and other domestic appliances. Among all these achievements computer has its own place. The invention of the computer is the result of constant and laborious efforts of the scientists and all this credit goes to Charles Babbage. The first automatic electronic computer was made in Pennsylvania in 1946 and known as ENLAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator and Calculator). Since then it has changed the pattern of doing work easily and quickly. It has also revolutionized the whole world. The computers vary tremendously in size, from laptop and desktop models to huge machines occupying an entire room or even more, but they all contain the same components which came under the heading of hardware and software. Hardware is the term given to all the machines that make up a computer and the collection of machines is called a computer configuration. Software refers to the programmes that instruct the machine. There are two basic types of... read more
TELEPHONE Alexander Graham Bell, the famous U.S. inventor invented the telephone in 1876. Now-a-days, telephone has become a ‘must’ for most of the people. Life, these days, is fast and busy. A telephone serves us like an honest servant in all the fields. It saves our valuable time and energy to a great extent apart from many of its good uses. At small places a telephone invites enmity and unfriendliness in your neighbourhood. The neighbours want to use the telephone for their benefit and you have to pay the bill. Some of the neighbours are so frank and free that they give your number to their relatives and friends. If you fail to call the neighbor at an odd hour when the phone rings for him, he will become angry and sweetness of neighbourhood would change into bitterness. They fail to observe your discomfort. You have to call your neighbours even if it is an odd hour or else they will have ill-will against you. If you attend to all the calls of your neighbours, your peace will be shattered. It has been observed that the telephone bell rings at odd hours, when you are in your bath, in bed or eating lunch or dinner etc. only to be... read more
SATELLITE T.V. Life without entertainment is monotonous and dull. In order to remove the drudgery, boredom and dullness from life we need recreation. The modern methods like radio, transistor and T.V. provide a variety programmes, Satellite T.V. is one of them. Satellite T.V. is a system in which signals are sent along the wires to the T.V. sets attached to the different houses after they have been transmitted to a central receiver. One can see virtual air invasion in the modern age of television media. We have MTV Zee TV, Star TV, B.B.C TV, sports TV etc. and with special access to a special antenna i.e. dish antenna either directly or via a cable operator. In this TV, a three meter dish antenna is wired to several hundred household with a monthly fee of Rs.300-400 depending upon the locality you live in. the popular programmes are thus relayed via communication satellites which is caught by adjustment through the dish of the antenna. In this way one can enjoy the programmes based on entertainment, science, education, sports, general knowledge, hot news etc. round the clock. The latest revolution in Satellite TV is DTH (Direct to Home) services in which signals are received direct from satellite to a small dish installed... read more
MOBILE PHONE Alexendar Graham Bell, a renowned U.S. scientist invented the telephone in 1876. 20th century was an age of revolution in scientific field. Among the many useful inventions mobile phone is also one of the latest gifts of science to man. It is a wonderful invention. It is an improved version of the landline phone which was so far considered to be, no doubt, a blessing of science. The old dial type phone apparatus gave way to the push button telephone, then the cordless telephone and finally the mobile phone small enough to fit in a shirt pocket. A mobile phone is a wonderful instrument which is very small in size but very big in functions. One can talk to one’s friend or anyone, from one’s running car or an aeroplane, a train or a bus, while enjoying a morning walk in a park or while watching movie in a cinema hall. It has facilitated people in innumerable ways. The business man uses it to boost his business by being in constant touch with his workers, clients and customers. The mobile phone has got a tremendous response from the public at the international level. Almost all the big cities of the world are connected with this network. These... read more
TERRORISM Terrorism is a system of frightening people, to make them do what the terrorists want. Senator Denton, an American politician has called it “the most widely practiced form of modern warfare”. These activities of terrorism are both fashionable and fascinating or are romantic fights for freedom, but are criminal actions plain and simple. It is a law of the jungle to use muscle power and force to get things done. It is a barbarian act, people who are disgruntled and who are unable to get their desires fulfilled by normal and accepted methods in society, are resorting to terrorism. There has been exploitation of the weak and the poor for centuries by the rich and the powerful. When all representations and appeals of non-violent nature failed to yield any response, the frustrated and the oppressed resort to violence as there is no other alternative. Such protests are called terrorist activities. The motives behind terrorism may be personal or political. Whatever the motives of the terrorists may be, they affect National Integration. Today terrorism is a world-wide problem ranging from aircraft hijacking to planting bombs in aircraft’s. Brutal Airlines plane in December 1999 was also an ugly face of terrorism. It is often seen that terrorist groups whether in... read more