WHAT CAUSES BLINDNESS Did you know that there are at least fourteen million blind people in the world? Of all blind people in the world, only a small percentage was born blind. Blindness at birth is called congenital blindness. The causes of it are not all known. Mainly diseases of eyes cause blindness that occurs after birth. A general disease of the body, such as diabetes or meningitis, rather than a disease of the eye itself may also cause blindness. Accidents and explosions are two other causes of blindness. In countries where people live longer because of good medical care and a high standard of living, old age often brings on certain eye conditions. Two of these eye conditions are cataract and glaucoma. Cataract is one of the leading causes of blindness. A cataract is a clouding of the lens of the eye. The lens, the transparent part of the eye through which light rays pass becomes cloudy, and only strong light ray can pass through it. There is consequently a loss in vision. Cataracts can be removed by surgery. With glaucoma, there is a hardening of the eyeball and great pressure inside the eye. Today there are medicines to control glaucoma if it is discovered in time. The... read more
MY FAVOURITE TEACHER I am a student of Government Model Sr. Sec. School, New Delhi. There are about sixty teachers in my school, but I like my class teacher, Mrs. Pandey, very much. She teaches us English. She is a gentle lady of middle age. Her personality is very impressive. She believes in simple living and high thinking. She is very punctual and follows discipline. Her way of teaching is very good. She has a command over her subject. Her voice is very sweet. She teaches poetry in her musical voice. All the students in the class are spell bound. She has a keen interest in sports also. She takes us for outdoor picnics and educational tours. She is a good player of badminton and table tennis. She is always active and alert. She inspires students to take part in games because she believes that there is a sound mind in a sound body. She is a source of great motivation to her colleagues as well. She has a vast knowledge of other subjects also. She is held in high esteem by all the inmates of the school. She is sometimes called a ‘walking encyclopedia’. She is a lady of refined nature and mild disposition. She is very kind... read more
MY FAVOURITE GAME I like all kinds of outdoor games. I can play tennis, badminton and hockey, but I like cricket best of all. It is my favorite game. Cricket is an international sport. Though it originated in England it has now been adopted by many other countries. Indians have proved that they can beat the English at their own game many times. Playing cricket has several advantages. It provides healthy exercise in the open air. It calls for the power of endurance. One should be able to keep on playing for several hours without getting exhausted. Whether bowling or batting it requires alertness. One has to have one’s eye fixed on the ball. One has also to move quickly both in fielding and for getting runs. Cricket is an interesting game to watch as well as to play. I never miss an opportunity to witness a test match in which our country’s stalwarts play. I find it thrilling to watch Sachin, Saurav, David, Kumble, Zaheer Khan and several others in action on the cricket field. It is a rare treat that I always look forward to. I always admire the great cricketers like Pataudi, Kapil Dev, Gavaskar, Bishen Singh Bedi.
MY FAVORITE SUBJECT History is my favorite subject. I enjoy other school subject also. But I enjoy learning history the most. Mathematics is the subject I least enjoy. History is the record of the past. It tells us of the great people and what they did. It tells about the people responsible adventures, wars, and our progress. History helps me in understanding the present in the light of the past. It helps me develop my power of thinking. A person without knowledge of history cannot have a good judgment. He cannot judge events and incidents. No doubt history has many names and dates but they are all so interesting. History is the record of man’s progress through the ages. I have good collection of history books. Some day, I might even write such a book myself. History has widened my outlook.
MY FAVOURITE POET I am a great lover of poetry. I learn poems in my literature class and I have studied my poets in detail. Shelly, Keats, Yeats, Wordsworth etc. have been taught to us since we were in class V. Of all the English poets, the one l am most font of is Wordsworth. He belonged to the romantic age, the age that was a reaction to neo-classical poetry of the 18th century. Wordsworth wrote in a unconventional style with a diction that was easy to understand. His poetry is the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings recollected in tranquility. He was not so concerned with the downfall of kings and queens. He was more concerned with the simple people that he came across in his life. The more simple a person was the more appealing Wordsworth found him. That is the reason why some of his most beautiful and touching poems about a solitary girl who reaps in the field. She is an ordinary village girl who sings a sad plaintive song and this is enough to transfix Wordsworth to the place where he heard her song echoing in the valley. Wordsworth was a worshipper of nature. It was his firm belief that the company of nature brings... read more
MY FAVORITE MARKET Since many years now, my favorite bazaar has been Cannaught place. The main bazaar is on Janpath and this is one place where my happiness knows no bounds. The activity in Janpath can make the saddest day came alive. Walking down Janpath one comes across the Tibetan shops that sell jewellery and other fancy household decoration pieces. I love to shop at Janpath because there is always a wide variety of each item that one wants to buy. If a need a garment, I come across numerous shops that offer varieties that I can choose from. Books, shoes, leather goods, cosmetics, music, paintings, etc whatever you need you can find it on Janpath. My day of shopping at Janpath is never complete until I have cold coffee to drink and chaat to eat. People of all age groups throng at the shops to buy the things that pleasure their aesthetic sensibility the most. Besides beauty one also has to consider the utility of the things we buy and this is what one has to be careful about while buying anything at Janpath. Sometimes one has to beware of imitations and also be sure that no one cheats us. One has to bargain a lot and that... read more
MY FAVORITE INDOOR GAMES I like many indoor games. They are a great help on rainy days and also on hot summer afternoons when schools are closed for holidays and my friends and I am left without any new ways of passing the time. When I was younger, I used to play snakes and ladders where one’s luck was all the mattered. One had to move ones coin according to the number secured on the dice. Ludo was another game that I have always loved to play. However, as I have grown up I have developed an interest in other games too. Monopoly is one of these. This is a game of business where luck and calculation are equally involved. Fake money is used to build hotels and houses and the one who end up with the maximum monetary gains win the game. This game is great fun to play as it leads to a great deal of competition. One can feel like a king while playing this game. Scrabble is the game that I cannot only play with my friends but I can play it with my parents too. They love to play scrabble as this helps to increase one’s vocabulary and helps to sharpen one’s intellect. It... read more
MY FAVORITE BOOK I have a number of books. I have read them all. But the book I like most is the Pancha Tantra stories. It contains a number of stories. All of them are interesting stories. They were written long, long ago. A great wise man wrote them. His name was Vishnu Sharma. This story book was given to me as a present by my aunt. Each of these stories tells us a moral. Human nature is portrayed here through various animals. These stories are really wonderful. These are in narrative form. Damnak and sanjivak are the main character. Damnak is a jackal and Sanjivak is a bull. They are so amusing and interesting. I like to read and re-read them. Many of them I remember very well. I like to tell them to my friends and my younger sister. Though very old, the stories are quite fresh and true. These stories take me to the animal kingdom. And it is full of excitement. They keep my interest aroused. The animals in these stories present the human nature so nicely.
GOPAL KRISHNA GOKHALE Gopal Krishna Gokhale was one of the greatest freedom fighter of India. He was born on 9th march, 1866. He was very much influenced by his mother. He finished his schooling in 1881 and graduated from Mumbai University in 1884. He was the principal of Fergusson College, Pune. Gokhale had a very good memory. He became a follower of Justice Ranade. He was very truthful in his work. Gandhiji was very much impressed by his wisdom and straight forward nature. Gandhiji considered Gokhale as his political guru. In 1905, Gokhale became the President of the congress. To train the young men for public service, he established the ‘Servants of India Society’. He admired the British rule. He was a cultured man. Gopal Krishna Gokhale served the country faithfully. But his health did not support him for long. He passed away on 19th February, 1915 and India lost a great patriot.
BAL GANGADHAR TILAK Bal Gangadhar Tilak was a freedom fighter of India. He was born on 23 July, 1856 at Ratnagiri. He was from a royal family, but his father was a school teacher. Tilak did his schooling from Poona High School and then joined the Deccan College. He completed a degree in law in 1879. Bal Gangadhar Tilak believed that only education could help the people of India to get freedom from for foreign rule. To fulfill his aim, tilak started the new English school with his to friends at Pune. In 1881, tilak started two weekly magazines, ‘maratha’ in English and ‘Keson’ in Marathi. In 1885, he established the Deccan Education Society. Tilak joined the other freedom fighters in their struggle for independence. He believed that the British had to be paid back in their own coin by fighting back. Tilak gave the famous slogan, “Swaraj is my birth right, and I shall have it”. In 1905, tilak was arrested and sent to Mandalay jail for six years. He started the Home Rule Movement. He died on 1st May, 1920. Bal Gangadhar tilak is known as the father of Indian Nationalism.
THE SPARROW Almost at all places sparrows are available. These are simple and small sized common birds. Normally, they are fond of cereals and corns. They also eat some types of cereals and insect. Sparrows are not expert nest-builder. Their preference is to live in huts and houses. They are normally accustomed to live with man. However, these birds are not tamed or put in cages. Being tender and small, these are afraid of cats and dogs. Cats often prey on these birds if they get an opportunity. Sparrows live in pairs or groups. If some food or corn is given to them, they come in large numbers and eat them. Normally they give birth to new ones once or twice a year. As one time two or three chicks are born. For fifteen to twenty days the little ones are fed in the nest and then these fly out. In the beginning parents accompany and help them then they fly individually.
THE PARROT In India, the parrot is a household name. Parrots are of many types and colours. In India, parrot is a common bird and found in all parts of the country. Parrots are of different types and sizes. The common parrot is of green colour. Children like parrots and tame in small cages. Parrots are mostly of dark green colour with red beak and black ring on its neck. Parrots mostly fly in groups. The bird catchers catch these birds in the forest and sell these putting in cages. Children love these birds and often provide these with eatables. Children teach the parrot to speak simple and common words. Then the parrots repeat them. The African parrot is much bigger than the Indian parrot. Colour of their feather is also different from the Indian parrots. A parrot is also given specific training to perform in circus. They show some feats, pass through rings, moves toy carts and fire a small common gun. Parrots live in groups in jungles or trees. In the morning they go out in search of fruits and in the evening they return back to their ‘nests’. Bird catchers often catch them easily and sell them to household people. Children are often friendly with the... read more
THE HORSE Horse has been one of the trusted and faithful companions of man like the dog. Horse has been so faithful of man that in times of needs it has saved the life of man. On many occasions, the horse sacrificed its life to save its owner as the famous horse “Chetak” of Maharana Pratap Singh of Chittor. A horse has two ears, one nose, a small bushy tail and four legs. The main and special characteristics of a horse’s legs are the strong hoof in each leg, so that it can run fast and for a long time. A horse possesses great stamina and can run for a long time. Police and military people find horse very useful. A horse is very useful to man in many ways. It is trained and used as warrior-horse (cavalry) from time immemorial by men. It is also used for pulling carts, loaded with people as well as heavy loads, besides, it is also used for riding in the mountainous terrains and also for carrying people and loads in that area. It is also used for just pleasure as “Dancing-Horse” in marriages. In the circus horses perform some feats. Lastly, we can say that horse is very simple, useful and faithful... read more
THE ELEPHANT Elephant is a wild animal, but it can also be domesticated by man. It is one of the “Giant hand Animals”, nature has produced in the world. Elephant is the unique species among animals; the nature has produced on earth. It has four legs, a small tail, a pair of small eyes sunken in the large head, a pair of ears and long trunk, which is also used as nose or hand. Elephant is one of the most useful animals that man has ever domesticated on the earth. Its usefulness is as many as, for carrying heavy loads, as it has great strength. It was used in the war as the war-elephant are operative even in the thickness of battles. Elephant were also used for hunting purposes by the kings. Now these are used for sight-seeing in the ‘Safari Parks’, by the tourists. It is also used by the Indians for the processions in many festivals, especially in the South-India. Also, the elephant is a general entertainer and big attraction in the circus and zoo in India as well as elsewhere. Animals can be made friendly and useful to man if they are domesticated and trained. Tamed elephants do a lot of work or service for their... read more
THE DOG From times immemorial, dog has been the faithful companion of man. Even it is said that, in times of emergency and need, dog can sacrifice his own life, for the sake of saving the life of his master. There are many varieties of dogs. There are big size dogs as Dobermans, little pomarians and of various other sizes and types. There are difference in sizes, their habits and habitat, nature and moods depending on their size, physical strength and habits. Generally, a dog has four legs, a bushy/small tail, keen nose for smelling, and two very sharp pair of claws. A dog has the capacity of hearing faint sounds that cannot be heard by man. The dog is a very useful animal due to its usefulness to man, it is tamed and it is a companion and friend of man. The dog is used as a domestic animal as “security guards” in the houses, by the police and by military personnel. Watch dogs are commonly used to protect and help. Goats and sheep in rearing farms and pastures, Detectives use dogs in the police Departments and as “sniffing” dogs by the military. Dogs entertain inmates of the family and are very fond of children. They also show... read more