Some people are born great. On some greatness is thrust. But Visvesvaraya achieved greatness by hard work, by using their mind for creative positive thinking. Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya was born on September 15, 1861, at Muddenahalli, in Mysore state. His father was a ayurved physician. Visvesvaraya’s father died when he was hardly fourteen rose from strength to strength to be the sixth Bharat Ratna in 1955.

Visvesvaraya joined the central college, Bangalore in 1875, staying with his uncle but meeting his expenses through tuitions. After completing his degree examination with distinction in 1880, Visvesvaraya entered the college of science at pune. Topping the list of successful candidate in civil engineering he joined Bombay public works department in 1884 as assistant engineer. As a civil engineer Visvesvaraya completed some challenging projects. Two well known projects of supply drinking water to Sukkur in Sind and Aden from dirty beds of Indus. For this innovative work, Visvesvaraya was honored with the title Kaiser e Hind by the government. He chose to join as chief engineer of Mysore, his native state in November 1909, for here he enjoyed the freedom to take on several projects which would truly benefit the poorest section of the populace. He prepared scheme for water supply road communication, irrigation. The Maharaja of Mysore appointed Visvesvaraya as the Dewan in November 1912. He resigned in 1919.

He worked, even when he was nearly 102 years old. He said “it is better to work out than rust out” he worked himself out till he could work no more. And then death came on April 14, 1962, taking him into the ranks of the immortal. Facets of his greatness are infinite.



Subramania Bharati is the greatest Tamil poet of the twentieth century. His name shines in the annals of Indian history as an ardent patriot. Subramania Bharati was born on December 11, 1882, in a middle class family in Ettayapuram, Tamil Nadu. His father was Chinnaswami Iyer and mother Lakshmiammal. His father wanted him to be a mathematical wizard. But he could not make the boy learn mathematics. Instead, subhiah loved language, literature and poetry.

Once eleven year old subhiah was invited to the court of the rajah of Ettayapuram to recite his poems. The noted poets gathered at the court were amazed at his recitation. They gave him the title of ‘Bharati’, which is the name of Saraswati, the goddess of learning and speech. Thus he came to be known as Subramania Bharati.

Subbiah was married when he was just fourteen. His bride was seven years old chellammal. But the matrimonial tie did not extinguish his hunger for knowledge. When he was sixteen he left for Banaras. His four year stay brought a great change in his personality. The seed of patriotism were sowed deep in his mind. His poems were on the lips of the listeners. Spreading like wild fire, the songs soon went to the heart of every individual.

He became assistant editor of a Tamil daily. Bharati’s patriotic writings became more and more powerful. Yet no one came forward to publish them. They afraid of the government’s wrath. So Bharati began to publish his own weekly called India in 1907. In it the aired his opinions freely and the public read them eagerly. This British government could not digest. They insisted upon him to leave British Territory and stay in Pondicherry. The Britishers would confiscate everything sent to him. Aurobindo was the only source of inspiration and help to him.

After a decade in exile when Bharati was back he was arrested, but was released with the orders not to move out of the locality he stayed on. The poor poet was again at the height of his popularity when at 38 the elephant of the temple, which he always offered a coconut, struck him with his trunk. The singer recovered little but went to eternal slumber on September 12, 1921, his voice was stilled forever. Death could tear his body off not his soul.



Sri Lal Bahadur Shastri was the great leader of our country. He was an honest and hard congress worker. Sri Lal Bahadur Shastri belonged to middle class family. He rose to the highest position by his hard work, sincerity and sheer merit. He was soft and polite in talk but strict and strong administrator.

Sri Lal Bahadur Shastri was born on 2nd October, 1904 at Mogul Sarai in Varanasi. His father was Shardha Prasad Shrivastava and smt. Ramdulari Devi was his mother. His father was an ordinary teacher and died when he was below two years old.

Lal Bahadur and his mother lived with their maternal grandparents. He went to primary school in Varanasi while he was there in the village by crossing river Ganges. He was so poor, sometimes he did not posses money to pay the boatman to cross the river. His devotion and desire for studies was too much. He left his grandparents and joined maternal aunt’s house at Varanasi to prosecute his high school studies at Harish Chandra School. He joined non co-operation movement and gave up his studies for the sake of country’s freedom. He jailed for two and half years. After coming from jail he joined Kashi Vidhya peeth and took the Shastri degree. From then on he was called by people as Lal Bahadur Shastri.

Lal Bahadur Shastri joined Satyagraha in 1932 and 1933. He was jailed for one year each time. He read extensively while in jail about the world’s reknown philosophers and their philosophy. His worth was recognized by G.B. Pant and designed him as general secretary of U.P. congress from 1935 to 38. In the year 1939 he was elected to U.P. legislative assembly.

Lal Bahadur Shastri became Prime Minister after the sad demise of Pt. Nehru. He was the most popular prime minister of our country. He worked as prime minister of our country about one and half year only. He solved many problems of our country. On 18th august 1956, Pakistan attacked India got victory. His slogan was “jai Jawan, jai kisan”.

He signed on peace pact and returned the land won by India. It was signed on 10th January, 1966 and Shastri died just after nine hours in Taskent. People of India grieved very much for the sad demise of their beloved leader and mourned deeply.

Shastri was a man of high morals, and sacrificed his own life for the nation. He worked for their uplift. He identified himself with the Indian masses and stood as their benefactor.



Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose is known as a great Indian leader and patriot. He sacrificed his life for the freedom of the country. He was a man with steel temper. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose loved his country and countrymen more than his life.

Netaji was born on 23rd January, 1897 in Cuttack. Sri Janki Nath Bose, his father was an advocate and a well to do person. He was seventh son of his father. Netaji got his early education upto matriculation in Cuttack, after it he joined Calcutta Presidency College. He got 1st division graduation from there.

Netaji carried out his further education in Cambridge University at England. He got trips from that University. He passed I.C.S examination meritoriously by topping the list.

He joined in Calcutta the British government service which he disliked and resigned. Netaji joined Indian National Congress in 1923; he was elected in 1939 the president of the same in the face of still opposition of Gandhiji and Nehruji. Subhash Chandra Bose had more had more aggressive and revolutionary feelings and hence different from Mahatma Gandhi. Subhash Chandra Bose established a forward bloc party very soon.

He believed in the political moral that enemies enemy is a friend of us. Hence India should establish friendship with Germany and its dictorial Ruler Hitler. So he reached Germany and impressed the bulfying giant personality. Hitler promised to give help in his struggle for freedom from British Yoke. He formed Indian National Army of high principles and morals. In this Azad Hind Fauz Indian prisoner of war, courageous and brave youths joined in great number. He made a whirl wind tour of Malaya, Singapore; people donated freely and happily gold and money. Azad Hind Fauz currency was sold to make it a legal tender in free India. He said to the people, if you give blood me I shall give freedom to you. He inspired the Indian National Army “Delhi is not far, march on to Delhi”. Men and women in great number joined Indian National Army.

Under the Supreme command of Netaji the I.N.A forces attacked on British forces in Assam and conquered some parts of Indian Territory under British rule.

Netaji escaped but his other generals and army men were taken to prison. The plane in which Netaji was escaping crashed but his death remained a mystery.

In his demise a brave fighter of highest order and a close friend to masses was lost by the nation. But he did not believe in the non violence creed of Gandhiji. Netaji was a great patriot and powerful person of stronger character.



Rani Lakshmi Bai was the great heroine of first war of Indian freedom. Her name shines in golden letters in the history of Indian freedom struggle. The chivalry valour and bravery of this great leader was a unique example in the history of mankind.

She was born on 19th November, 1835. Her father was Moropanth and mother was Bhagirath Bai. Her real name was Manu Bai. She lost her mother while she was four years old. Along with formal education she acquired skill in sword, fight, horse riding and shooting with a gun.

Rani Lakshmi Bai was married to Gangadhar Rao, Maharaja of Jhansi, in 1842. She gave birth to a son in 1851. The child died within three months. After it, Maharaja Gangadhar Rao and Rani Lakshmi Bai adopted a child. His name was Damodhar Rao. Few days after adaptation, Gangadhar Rao died on 21st November, 1853. She became widow in the 18th year age.

On an unfortunate day in March of 1854 Lord Dalhousie, governor, refused to gave recognition of the adoption of Damodhar Rao as heir of Gangadhar Rao. Thus the British annexed her kingdom and gave her a monthly pension of five thousand rupees. At this reason she kept herself ready for war against the British.

She became once more the queen of Jhansi by capturing the fort from the British queen. The Rani became ruler and once again the flag of the state flattered gaily on the top of the fort. She had crushed Sada Shiva Rao who rebelled against her rule. In a period of ten months, June 1857 to March 1858 of rule, she made the treasury full and well organized men and women army to defend the fort.

The British army under Sir Hugh Rose declared war on 23rd March, 1858. She faught like goddess of war attired in men’s clothes. Organization of her forces, her fight, her skilled wield in sword surprised and shocked Hugh Rose. Rani of Jhansi on 4th April, 1858 went with few followers from Jhansi to kalpi.

The Rani put her men’s clothes and was ready for war. The extra ordinary courage of her ‘Sardars’, the war strategy and valour of the Rani inflicted defeat on the British army. Then the Rani was about to cross the Swarn Rekha canal a shot struck her from British soldier whom she put an end with a sword from her left hand. She died uttering “har har mahadev”.

In her tender body, there was a lion’s spring. She had a good foresight and made from mature decisions. She was bravest and greatest commander.