NEWSPAPERS A newspaper has a very important place in our lives. If we were to live without newspaper we would be in the dark. We will never know what is happening in our own country and the world. It is a good habit to keep abreast with all that is happenings all over the country and in the world. Newspapers are the greatest source of information to us. They report incidents of importance that occur daily in various parts of the country and the world. No doubt there is TV and radio. But their reports are not authentic. A newspaper gives us the correct picture of the social, cultural, economic and business scene in the word. If there are no newspapers we would never learn about the various changes that are taking place in various spheres and also who or what causes those changes. Knowledge gives us strength to tackle problems and knowledge and information is best provided by newspapers. The unemployed search for vacancies in newspaper. Advertisements keep us informed about the latest ranges of various products and the commercial world becomes a living world through the medium of newspapers. We also get sports news and film reviews from papers. Young boy and girls learn about the various... read more
MY MOTHER My mother is a kind lady. She is very good in her behaviour. Everybody in the family likes her. She has many qualities of head and heart. She is highly educated and intelligent. She is very hard-working, kind, caring and loving. Her love for us has no limits. She is a housewife ad ever busy. She gets up earlier than others and goes to bed last of all. She cooks food, washes our clothes, look after our every need and comfort. She enjoys serving us. Sometimes, I feel sorry for her and help her in her work in my own humble way. Her love and care are great sources of inspiration to me. They help me in keeping good health and are cheerful. It is because of her that I am so good at studies. If I am ill, she would leave no stone unturned to look after me till I get well and healthy. She prepares many delicious dishes for us. We can never forget her service and sacrifices. She is really great, wonderful, loving and kind. Nothing is as great as my mother. It has been rightly said that God could not be everywhere and therefore, he made mothers. Nobody can ever repay the kindness... read more
MY FAVOURITE HOBBY The best way to spend our free time is to have some hobby. We need time to relax and recreate after day’s work. There are different hobbies. Stamp-collecting, book reading, gardening, hunting swimming, and reading are the some of them. Different persons adopt different works to pass free time. But my hobby is stamping-collecting. I have a stamp-album in which I have pasted all the foreign stamps I have been able to collect. It is really a nice collection. I have many stamps from different countries like Russia, Japan, Turkey, and the U.S.A Egypt, the U.A.E., Britain and China. I have also rare stamps which are issued in Afghanistan when it became a republic and also the stamp of Diana when her first birthday after her death. How pretty they are! How much I like to enjoy the picture of natural scenery, crowns, arms, shields, brave knights and lovely ladies printed on these stamps! Stamps- collecting is really a very enjoyable and instructive hobby. It gives me great pleasure. It is necessary that everybody must have some hobby. It educates man, gives him pleasure, and helps him to utilize his free time fruitfully. If a person has no hobby, his spare time will turn him into... read more
MY COUNTRY India is my country. It is my motherland. It lies in South Asia. It is very vast country. It is land of ninety-eight crore people. It is the land of Shiva and Krishna, Buddha and Mahatma Gandhi. My country is the biggest democracy in the world. It has oldest civilization in the world. It is a rich country. It has many natural resources like forest, mines, rivers, animals etc. India’s soil is a very fertile. Therefore it is the largest wheat producer in the world. In literature and science it has produced many famous persons like Rabindranath Tagore, Prem Chand, Sart Chandra, C.V. Raman, Homi Jahangir Bhaba, Jagdish Chandra Bose and Dr. Abdul Kalam. India is the land of villages and fields. Its fields are fed by the Migty Rivers like Ganga, Yamuna, Godavari, Naramada and Kaveri. The Ganga valley is the most fertile region of our land. The oceans that guard her coasts on three sides and the mighty Himalayas on the north have given my country natural frontiers from all sides. India is a secular state and various religious bloom here without hindrances. We have inherited our culture through the centuries. There is unity in diversity. We speak many languages, worship many gods and yet... read more
MY AMBITION IN LIFE Ambition is the very basis of man’s success. Without any kind of ambition, a man is incapable of achieving anything. In reality, it is the ambition of a man that leads him to the heights of success. Man’s ambition has been responsible for the creation of great civilization, cultures and scientific achievements. Carlyle said: “know your work and do it”. Truly we have to know first our target in life. But I don’t have an ambition that is beyond reach. I am very practical. I have, therefore, decided to become an electrical engineer. It is an age of electronics. There is great scope in our country for electronic development. I can get loan from bank. I would start my own industry to produce electronic items. I would employ many persons. Thus I would help solve the unemployment problem. I would manufacture new electronic items of top quality. Thus I would become a useful citizen of my country.
MOTHER TERESA Mother Teresa was born on 26th August, 1910 in Yugoslavia. Her real name was Anges Bojaxhiu. She became a nun at the age of 18. She came to India as a teacher to teach in convent schools. But later, she decided to serve poor people, the needy, the dying and the helpless. She became Indian citizen in 1948. In 1959, she established the famous Missionaries of Charity. Later, many homes, schools, hospitals for the poor and homeless were opened in India and foreign countries. Now the Missionaries of Charity have 160 centers in India alone. It has its branches in over 105 countries. For her service, dedications and love for mankind, she was given many awards, prizes, honours and titles including the Nobel prizes and Bharat Ratna. She was far above these, but accepted the in politeness. By rewarding her, actually we were rewarding ourselves. She reminded u of the Buddha because of her limitless compassion, service and faith in humanity. It is a matter of great honour and pride that she chose Calcutta and India as the place of her work and activities. She passed away on the 5th September, 1997 in Calcutta. In the death of this angle of mercy and compassion, mankind has become... read more
IMPORTANCE OF TREES Trees are man’s oldest friends. They are with us since ages. We cannot do without them. They are useful for us in many ways. Everyone knows now that trees are valuable. Concern about environment has made us conscious about trees. But our forefathers also knew about the values of trees. Trees provide people with food, fibers and medicine. Through history, people have used wood to make tools construct buildings and create work of art. Living tree are as valuable to human kinds as are the products because they help in conserving natural resource. Trees help conserve soil erosion and flood. They keep the wind from blowing away the top soil. Their roots prevent soil from being washed away the heavy rains. Tree roots prevent also help store water underground. Forests are the main factors of our environment’s water cycle. Today’s atmosphere is highly polluted and there is a more need for oxygen. Trees keep air clean. They evaporated water they take from the earth with their roots. This evaporation increases humidity and causes rain. Many medicines, gums, oils, wood and dyes are taken from trees. They also give fruits. Trees really are very valuable. They also help in lessening air pollution and add to the beauty... read more
IF I WERE THE PRINCIPAL OF MY SCHOOL The fate of a school chiefly depends upon its principal. He is responsible for the academic, moral, physical and cultural development of students. If I become the principal of my school, I would make every effort to make it an ideal institution. I would bring about many changes in the system of running the school. Most rules and regulations have become outdated and need changes. The school starts in the morning with assembly. Much time is waste there. I would stop all those lectures about discipline and hard work. I would encourage the students to share their thoughts and experience with their school mates and the teachers to guide the students. I would tell them the student’s short stories with a moral in them so that they could learn god values. As the session begin, I would see to it that all the difficult subjects are not taught one after the other. Science should be followed by English and not by mathematics. I would encourage sports and extracurricular activities like drama, plays, painting, music, creative writing, clay modeling, photography, horse riding, swimming, dancing, singing etc. That would encourage the students to visit the school regularly and enjoy their longs hours of... read more
HOLIDAYS “All work and no play make one dull”. Holidays are a must in our life. Holidays refresh our minds and give us relief. Oxford dictionary describes holiday as a day of rest from work. But do we have rest? Well, to some, holiday means a change from the routine. Thus holidays are essential. Life becomes dull and dreary without them. Human body is like a machine. It wears down like machine by constant and regular work. As machine needs rest, oiling and sometimes over-hauling so that it may work efficiently again, a human body needs rest to recoup its lost energy. A tired mind requires rest to regain its sharpness and speed. Every now and then our mind longs for leisure. It is the holidays that give us time to take care of our health and spirit. Continuous dull and routine work makes our spirits dull. If a person works continuously without a break it will be injurious to his health and may cause a nervous breakdown. A short holiday, rightly used, will send us back to our work with renewed zest and vigour. Holidays, spent in the company of nature, are most beneficial for both body and mind. It is also a period for different people to... read more
DOWRY Dowry means those gifts and presents which are given by a father or guardian to his daughter at the time of her marriage. In ancient times, it was considered as a sort of help to establish their own home for the newlyweds. Mostly the dowry in those days was in kind, say a variety of things useful for new homes, and not in cash, as the system now prevails today. These gifts were given voluntarily and without any demands made under pressure. About a hundred years ago, there was a custom that the prospective husband used to offer gifts and presents to his would-be bride’s father. But this custom proved a major handicap for many persons who could not marry early in life for want of funds to buy such gifts. Again, there were many unfortunates who could not marry at all for this reason. But customs are never stationary. They undergo changes. Now, at present this custom has been reversed. Instead of the prospective husband, it is the bride’s parents who have to offer gifts and presents to the bridegroom and his parents. As such, it has become extremely difficult to arrange a girl’s marriage without dowry. Now, the system has become a social evil. Dowry system... read more
AN INDIAN FARMER The real India lives in villages. India is an agricultural country; most of her people are farmers. They live in villages near their farms. They have spacious compounds in which they tether their cattle and keep their carts. They cultivate land and grow different crops. Most of the farmers live below the poverty line. An Indian farmer leads a simple and hard life. He gets up with the crowing of the cock and goes to his fields with his oxen. He ploughs land, harrows it, lays out beds, sows seeds, water crops and reaps the harvest. The members of his family assist him in his work. He looks after the crop and saves them from being spoiled by strays cattle or wild animals. He enjoys no holiday. At noon he takes his meals under shady tree and then takes a little rest. In the evening he returns home, tired and exhausted. Generally he is illiterate. He believes in old customs and superstitions. His cattle are his most valuable property. If there is a drought, the crops fail and he is in trouble. When the crops ripen, he feels happy. He reaps it, thrashes it and taken the corn to the market. In times of a bad... read more
AN IDEAL STUDENT A student who has many qualities o the head and heart can truly be called an ideal student. He must be a man of principles. His conduct and character should be exemplary. He should follow regular habits. He gets up in the early morning ad does some exercise and even take morning walk. He is always neat and tidy. He always sticks to the rules of keeping himself healthy. He is always punctual attending school. He works very hard at school. He always does his home-task. His result is always good. In examination, he tries his best to top the list of successful students. An ideal student divides his time in appropriate manner. Besides attending school regularly, he devotes a a fixed period for games and revises all the lessons that he has learnt at school that day. Even during the time he is at school, he takes extra case to learn his subjects wholeheartedly. He keeps friendly relations with other students. He always respects teachers and students. He always help his class-mates, if they approach him for it. He tries his best to keep away from undesirable activities. An ideal student always keeps his promise. He is never proud of his achievement in any field.... read more
AN ELECTION SCENE Last week there was great excitement in our little town. Municipal elections which were due soon electrified the atmosphere of the whole town. Brisk canvassing had been going on for the past one month and voters had been approached, flattered, begged, threatened, and even bribed. The excitement reached its highest pitch on Sunday- the actual day of polling. The town woke up that day earlier than usual. The candidates were taken in processions to the polling stations. Motor-car, rickshaw and other vehicles could be seen hurrying to and fro, bringing crowds of voters and unloading them at the polling booth. Even poorest voter had a taste of importance. He was approached, entreated, coaxed and influenced in many ways. The voters were entertained with fruit, sweets and cold drinks before being taken to the polling station. There was great rush at the polling booth. People stayed in queue for hours to caste vote. All the candidates had their supporters assembled outside the polling booths. In the evening the votes were counted and the election result was declared. The elected candidates were profusely garlanded and taken out in a procession through the streets of the town.
A VISIT TO MUSEUM A museum is a place where antique things and art Murrells are preserved for the public to be seen. A visit a museum imparts us knowledge about the civilization of the past. I was fortunate enough t have a chance to visit National History museum in Delhi. It is housed in a huge building, divided into various sections. Each section has different exhibits. In the arms section are displayed old swords, spikes, daggers, helmets, bows and arrows and other weapons of war. There is a mode of battle scene in a glass cage. The adjoining room has articles of household use, dug up from the old historical sites. They give a picture of the domestic life of the ancient people. There are pots and pans, silver ornaments, bangles, footwear’s, clothes and musical instruments of various kinds. In the sculpture section are the life-size status of Gautam Buddha and idols of gods and goddesses. Yet another section has a large number of paintings. These are paintings of court scenes, horses races, fights of wild animals and dances. The paintings of the Mughal period are wonderful specimens of art. One section has models of irrigation schemes, dams and hydroelectric projects. There are records of the achievements made... read more
A VISIT TO AN EXHIBITION Last winter an international fair was held at Pragati Maidan. It attracted big crowds. Almost all the states within the country and many foreign countries had set up their pavilions. Prominent among them were those of Japan, Russia, West Germany, Sweden, France, Great Britain and the U.S.A. All the pavilions were tastefully decorated. Different countries displayed different items. The goods displayed included heavy machines like earth moving, model of rockets intended to be sent to the mars and that of atomic reactor in the U.S.A. pavilion. That was one of the biggest pavilions in the fair. Next to the U.S.A. pavilion was the pavilion of the Great Britain which presented agricultural and industrial machinery. Japan put up a remarkable show of electronic goods including a giant robot and computers. Some of the devices were truly amazing. West Germany also displayed heavy machines in the field of printing press and mining. Sweden presented machines and implements used for deep sea fishing. India had also put up quite an attractive show. H.M.T. Factory, Bangalore, Bharat Heavy Electricals and steel plants displayed their products, showing the rapid industrial progress of the country under the public sector. In the private sector, many well-know companies like Panasonic, Tata, BPL,... read more