Proverb Expansion A BAD WORKMAN ALWAYS BLAMES HIS TOOLS People can generally be classified into two groups, those who have talents and those who have not. A really talented person succeeds in all the work assigned to him. He is confident of doing his work. He uses his tools in the right way, even if they are not excellent. At the same time, a person without talents even if given excellent tools, fails to achieve good results. His talents are limited. He finds lame excuses for his failure. He blames his tools for the bad work he has done. He does not want to admit that he is a bad workman. He deliberately forgets the fact that his talents are limited. Even if good opportunities are provided for the less talented person he fails to exploit the chances and succeed in life. But if the talented person is given the right opportunity, he makes use of it to the full and thereby achieves good results in life.
Proverb Expansion A BIRD IN THE HAND IS WORTH TWO IN THE BUSH A bird which one has got in the hand is always more valuable than two or three birds which await one in the bush. Birds in the bush can fly away. While the one in his hand cannot escape. So if the person let the bird in his hand free and try to catch those in the bush, they may also fly away leaving him a complete loser. It is always wise to utilize what-ever opportunity is at hand than look forward to some other opportunity that may come in future with more advantages. Those who are near to us and willing to help are more valuable friends than those who are away. So it is foolish to reject whatever help is at hand.
Proverb Expansion A BURNT CHILD DREADS THE FIRE Burns due to fire is very common. Mature persons are very careful in handling fire. Children do not realize that fire produces bums and recklessly play with it. They find it attractive until it bums them. Once they get burnt, they will be more careful. Once a mistake happens to us, we will try to avoid it again. In other words, we are like children, we learn from our mistakes. The memory of our mistakes will make us careful in the future. A wise man never repeats the same mistake twice. As the saying goes child is the father of man.
Proverb Expansion ALL IS FISH THAT COMES TO THE NET A wise man makes use of all opportunities that come to him. There is nothing that cannot be utilized in his strive for success. A fisherman makes money out of the fish that get into his net. There is nothing meager to him. Every opportunity that life offers is invaluable. On the face, they might look dull and without scope. Life on the whole is never worthless or useless. The only thing that prevents, it from yielding value is our own irresponsibility and laziness. In a way, all of us are very efficient to use easily the opportunities life gives us.
Proverb Expansion ALL LAY LOADS ON A WILLING HORSE Horses are often used for carrying heavy loads. Some show a flaming temper. But some others are very co-operative. In all fields of work, the co-operative and uncomplaining man is often chosen to do the hardest work while the lazy people run away from responsibility. It is a strange phenomenon that uncomplaining and helpful mentality is so indecently exploited beyond limits. Unfortunately most of such people are round to be reluctant to refuse flatly the disproportionate work and load allotted to them.
AN IDEAL STUDENT Idealism has become a thing of the bygone days. We do not talk of an ideal policeman, an ideal businessman, an ideal government officer, an ideal ticket checker, an ideal father, son or daughter, even an ideal teacher. Only two persons have been considered in the category of being ideal—the ideal housewife and the ideal student. All others are considered good or tolerable even if they are corrupt. If they bring money they are good. ‘Sarve gunah Kanchanmashryante’. All the virtues are in gold i.e. money. But a student and a housewife won’t be spared if they are corrupt. Idealism is in their fate alone. A student has to be ideal if he has to secure success in his life. Naturally a studious student is an ideal student. He should attend the classes regularly, prepare his own notes and remember what is taught. He should supplement it with his own studies at home. Whatever he writes in the examination should be his won. The ideas may be borrowed. But he has the discussion and language of his own. He should not cram, nor should he copy. An ideal student would frequently go to library. He should borrow books not only on his subjects of study but... read more
CHILDREN ARE THE WEALTH OF THE NATION ‘Train ups a child in the way he should go; and when he is old, he will not depart form it’ says the Old Testament. Stevenson said ‘A child should always say what’s true’. But is the modem child trained in a way that he would say what’s true? Impressions of childhood extend to the whole life. If the impressions are good the child will be wealth of the nation. Poverty and economic set back do not always come in the way of moral progress. Problems did not deter shepherd Abraham from becoming the President of United States of America. Hardships did not stop shepherdess Jane from becoming the commander of the French army to defeat England. The former was assassinated; the latter was burnt at the stake. But the two children grew to be the saviours of their nations. They were the real wealth the USA and France are proud of even to-day. Children build the nation. They are the real asset of the nation. This asset must not be thrown out to pick crumbs. One can see a number of children in the age group 5-10 serving in wayside hotels for a petty sum. They would serve tea and edibles to... read more
COMPUTER Born in the USA in 1937 Computer has come of age. For years it was monopolized by BMC (International Business Machine Corporation) USA. Justifying its name it was originally a calculating gadget. As it grew in age the electric circuits and transistors underwent sophisticated formations. The calculators were left for small manufacturers. They dwarfed themselves to the size of a playing card or even smaller to fit in the pockets and purses of students and businessmen. End of the century saw the sixth generation of computers performing different functions. They store information as the human brain does. Like human brain they manipulate, compare and come to decisions. While human brain may take a long time a computer meant for the purpose comes to the conclusion within seconds. The modern computer is billions of times faster and decisive than human brain. We have men trained and specialized in different trades. So have we computers meant for different purposes. One may approach the astrological Computer; feed it with the qualities and qualifications of the boy and the girl. Within a second it will let one know if the marriage would be successful or not. There are computers that would compose hundreds of pages of a book in a day. Big... read more
IMPORTANCE OF GAMES Games and sports symbolize the youth of a nation. They keep the nation young as they keep the people young. A drowsy inactive nation seldom makes a mark anywhere in the world. The intellectual growth of a nation too depends upon its physical health. Olympics of course are the mirror of the joy derived from physical competitions. How much physically fit we are and how much joy we derive from games and sports has been reflected in the Olympics for the last so many years. India has always cut a sorry figure. Besides building health of the nation games give a sense of cooperation to the people. We call it team spirit. Leaving Tennis and Badminton most of the games have a team of six to eleven members. In Football, Hockey, Volleyball, even in Kabaddi if the team members do not cooperate they lose the game. The best game is one in which the ball is passed from player to player. Victory is a combined affair not an individual one. It is rather sad that games are not given much importance in most of the educational institutions. That is why most of the people in India try to develop their own personality. The sense of cooperation... read more
INDUSTRIES – ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES Industries are the soul of modern materialistic civilization. They provide us everything in abundance. Even an ordinary man can purchase fine cloth that could be purchased only by members of royal families. It is with the help of industries that the transport system has developed. No one can have things from far off places. Food grains can be moved to famine affected areas. Industries have enabled man to have a number of comforts and luxuries at prices they can afford. Even a poor man can have a transistor— even a T.V. set. The market is flooded with cheap things of everyday use. Plastic goods are available at throw away prices. Clothes of synthetic fiber have replaced cotton clothes. Industries manufacture many synthetic edibles and other things leaving the natural things for more essential uses. But industries have made man dependent on them. He does not want to work as hard as he did in the past. Thus he is losing his physical capacities and is gradually becoming a slave of industries. Moreover industries have hit the village artisan. He cannot compete with industries and becomes unemployed. As he has no agricultural land he runs to the cities. The cities are overcrowded by this extra... read more
LIFE IN AN INDIAN VILLAGE The cock crows, the cow lows and the whole village rise from a peaceful slumber. The life of people in an Indian village is generally drab and laborious. Most of them do not own land. Still they are farmers ploughing lands of others. Some work as landless labourers. Other who a bit better off till other’s land on contract. But they have to put in hard labour. Work begins with the crowing of the cock before the dawn and continues till it is dark in the evening. Most of the villagers have their old plough. A few have tractors and other modern implements. But their number is negligible. As most of the lands are small modern implements can neither be used nor afforded. The 80% people who live in villages more than 60% lead a life which is almost a serf’s life. They have to depend upon prosperous landlords, moneylenders and petty businessmen. All exploit these poor men. For the artisan life in a village is gradually becoming unbearable the Industrialization has snatched his bread. When he is at the verge of begging he either joins the rank of bonded labour or moves to cities in search of a job. In the city he loses his identity. About... read more
POPULATION EXPLOSION Population growth has created a number of problems in the world; in 1830 world population was about 1000 million. It rose to 2000 million in 1930. But within 44 years it rose to 3700 million in 1974. Since then it has not looked back. With 2.5 per cent increase per year it is expected to double every 30 years in India. Of course the developed European countries have reached a stage of Zero growth. But the backward countries have not made a head way in this direction. Some of them like Sudan and Ethiopia have a phenomenal rise of 4.5%. They were the lands of the dead in 1985. India has not lagged behind in this cursed growth. With 2.4% of the land area it has. 15% population of the world, Russia with 51/2 times the area of India has only 6.5% of the world population. In 1941 the population of undivided India was 318.5 million. With a growth rate of 2.4% the population of India alone on Feb. 26, 1998 was more than 96 crores. With this rate it may cross 120 crores mark by the end of the century while China with 1.08% growth may be only 112 crores. This alarming growth of population in... read more
STUDENT INDISCIPLINE A month before the meeting between Deng Xiapong the supremo of China and the Russian President Gorbachev in Beijing the Universities and Colleges in Beijing were closed. 3000 students were on hunger strike and more than a million students gathered in Tiananmen Square on the day of the meeting. As the Secretary of the Communist Party Zhao Ziyang sided with the students he had to lose his position. This indiscipline among the students was responded by Martial Law by the Politburo of the Chinese Communist Party. What was the reason of indiscipline among the students throughout China? The process of democratization in the country that was promised to them was not complete. The corruption in the government continued. A similar picture can be seen throughout the world. In Philippines they revolted against the tyranny of Marcos. In Punjab there were frequent strikes as the Punjab problem was not solved. In the Hindi belt of India there are strikes in schools and colleges because classes are not held. Teachers do not teach seriously in schools. They take classes at their residence. There is too much corruption in educational department and universities. Examinations have become a farce. A few mafia students are given shelter by politicians. The sword falls... read more
THE PLEASURES OF A FARMER’S LIFE The pleasures of a farmer are unlike those experienced and enjoyed by the urban rich. They are simple people. Their pleasures too are derived from very insignificant things. Their small home, their fields, the sober .simple wife, the yield from the field, their cattle, the dog that moves behind the bullock cart are what provide pleasure to the farmer even today. As Thomas Gray recalls their life he mentions the children who ‘run to lisp their sire’s return’ from the field. These children wrapped in dust ‘climb his knees the envied kiss to share’. While the ‘busy housewife ply her evening care’. These are the homely pleasures of a farmer’s life. The farmer does not derive pleasure form the movies or parks or five star hotels or the swimming tanks. Nature is all around him. He enjoys nature in its nakedness. He enjoys according to Gray The breezy call of incense — breathing morn, The swallow twittering from the straw, built shed, The cocks shrill clarion, or the echoing horn He enjoys fresh breeze of the morning hour that the polluted atmosphere of city can never provide. His bullocks and cows are his best friends—mute creatures who neither complain nor criticize. He is... read more
UNEMPLOYMENT AND POVERTY Unemployment has been a serious problem in India for many decades. It naturally leads to poverty. When we got independence 50% of the people were below the line of poverty. Although the government claims that it has been reduced to 36% it is a calculated farce. Even now 50% of the people are below poverty line. Near about 25% are near the line of poverty. By the end of the century the number will be fifty to sixty crores. Increase in population results in unemployment. There is a great propaganda to check the population. Still it grows at the rate of 2.4% per year. It means the population doubles in 30 years. Most of the children are born among the poor. These new born too are in the employment market as soon as they are five years of age. They are ready to work even for Rs 2/- a day. In urban areas they get jobs in road side hotels. But in villages they have no employment. Illiteracy has caused unemployment and poverty directly. Illiterate and ignorant people cannot read newspapers. They remain conservative. They believe that children are a gift of God. Thus they do not plan their family. By the time they realize their... read more