HOW TO REMOVE UNEMPLOYMENT AND POVERTY: Essay Writing Topics

English_Master April 6, 2016 No Comments

HOW TO REMOVE UNEMPLOYMENT AND POVERTY

Not an easy task in a country having a population of a billion plus where 40 per cent of the people are below poverty line. It means more than 40 crore people are poverty line. The daily income of these hapless people i.e. the income of the earning member of the family is less than a dollar say Rs. 50/- per day. He has a big family to support. It is rather a strange country here people would have ten to twelve children – all poor. How can the Government generate work for them as they grow up? But the parents would demand work to be one of the fundamental rights. It is democracy the biggest democracy in the world. But it is multiparty de­mocracy. Different parties would support these fundamental rights to gain a vote bank.

In a democracy it is very difficult to have a check on the growth of population. Indira Gandhi tried to do it in her regime with the help of Sanjay Gandhi. She lost her in the next elections. None harsher than Indira Gandhi has been the Prime Minister of India none younger than her too. It just proves that to cheek the population is not an easy task in a democratic set up.

Both poverty and unemployment increase with the growth in population. It is a natural phenomenon that needs no explanation. In a com­munist regime it is possible. In India the rate of growth of population is 2.25 per cent. It means the population doubles in 30 years. China forced the people not to have more than two children. Thus the growth rate there is just 1 per cent. It is estimated that by 2025 the population of India would be more than that of China with land less than half of that country.

China has sponsored a large number of work generating schemes. It has taken the help of western countries including USA. Labour being cheap there as in India too – the Chinese goods are very cheap. They export them and earn foreign exchange. China has stopped believing in nationalization of industries too. Thus they have no loss making indus­tries. India should also scrap nationalization altogether. Sincere efforts have been made in this direction by the NDA Government.

Since the 1990’s more industries have been developed in India in the private sector. Some multinational companies have also been work­ing either through their subsidiaries or even directly. Thus more work and more jobs are being generated. But these jobs and work facilities are available in industrial and mega cities only. They have created a problem in the rural areas. The artisans have best their work to these industries. They have been in grating to migrating cities in search of work.

Efforts should be made to stop this migration. It is possible through two means. The first is improvement in the agriculture sector. The sec­ond is development of small scale and cottage industries in villages. Khadi Gramodyog dings a lot in this direction. Still it is insufficient. Efforts should be made both by the government and the rural leadership in this direction.

It has been seen that the people in backward countries grow idle. Voluntary organization can create a sense of work consciousness among them. Crop regulation is also necessary in rural areas. Cash crop and fruit cultivation should be given importance. Anand in Gujarat has created white revolution to the extent that even the prices of milk depend upon or are governed by Anand in many states including Delhi and Maharashtra. Anand has placed an example which can be followed by others too.

Although some non government organization (NGOS) have started work in checking the population growth. They work in the backward areas-specially in the localities of scheduled castes and scheduled tribes. Many primary schools and dispensaries have been opened. The idea has been to infuse the spirit of small families through Medicare and educa­tion. Vidya Bharati and Vanvasi Kalyan Ashram have done a lot of work-the former in cities and towns the latter in tribal areas. Missionaries too have been doing a lot in the tribal areas. But it is rather disgusting that their basic aim is conversion, NRIs (Non Resident Indians) especially from USA have shown great interest in job and work creating activities. NGOs should take advantage of their beneficence and develop work on the lines of a NGO in Karnataka that has started a large number of primary schools in rural areas by securing a teaching job in their schools for the girls from the villages themselves for at least two years. Democracy the biggest democracy in the world. But it is multiparty de­mocracy. Different parties would support the these of fundamental rights to gain a vote bank.

In a democracy it is very difficult to have a check on the growth of population. Indira Gandhi tried to do it in her regime with the help of Sanjay Gandhi. She lost her in the next elections. None harsher than Indira Gandhi has been the Prime Minister of India none younger than her too. It just proves that to chek the population is not an easy task in a democratic set up.

Both poverty and unemployment increase with the growth in popu* lation. It is a natural phenomenon that needs no explanation. In a com­munist regime it is possible. In India the rate of growth of population is 2.25 per cent. It means the population doubles in 30 years. China forced the people not to have more than two children. Thus the growth rate there is just 1 per cent. It is estimated that by 2025 the population of India would be more than that of China with land less than half of that country.

China has sponsored a large number of work generating schemes. It has taken the help of western countries including USA. Labour being cheap there as in India too – the Chinese goods are very cheap. They export them and earn foreign exchange. China has stopped believing in nationalisation of industries too. Thus they have no loss making indus­tries. India should also scrap nationalisation altogether. Sincere efforts have been made in this direction by the NDA Government.

Since the 1990 s more industries have been developed in India in the private sector. Some multinational companies have also been work­ing either through their subsidiaries or even directly. Thus more work and more jobs are being generated. But these jobs and work facilities are available in industrial and mega cities only. They have created a problem in the rural areas. The artisans have best their work to these industries. They have been ingrating to migrating cities in search of work.

Efforts should be made to stop this migration. It is possible through two means. The first is improvement in the agriculture sector. The sec­ond is development of small scale and cottage industries in villages. Khadi Grramodyog ding a lot in this direction. Still it is insufficient. Efforts should be made both by the government and the rural leadership in this direction.

It has been seen that the people in backward countries grow idle. Voluntary organisation can create a sense of work consciousness among them. Crop regulation is also necessary in rural areas. Cash crop and ftuit cultivation should be given importance. Anand in Gujarat has ere-