UNITED NATIONS ORGANISATION
“Peace in international affairs is a period of cheating between two periods of fighting!” said Bierce. The UNO was set up, among other things, for total peace world over.
It was in 1945 when the World War – II was raging on that a little over 50 countries assembled in San Francisco (also known as Frisco) and discussed at length and breadth the strategies to discard arms all over the world. This was due to the utter failure in the function of the erstwhile, ‘League of Nations’ that could not stop the World War – II. Hence, as an alternative to it, the UNO was founded.
The member nations gave a facelift to it and signed a treaty for overall peace and prosperity, a sort of “Farewell To Arms,” concept. Everything has been analyzed and ironed out to set up many ramifications, so that it (UNO) could render a helping hand wherever necessary.
It comprises about six main branches, such as,
- Security Council,
- General Assembly,
- International Court of Justice
- Economic & Social Council
- Trusteeship Council
In addition, there are many other wings known as UN Specialized agencies.
- World Health Organization (WHO)
- United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
- International Labour Organization(ILO)
- World Trade Organization(WTO)
- Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO).
- International Development Association (IDA).
- International Monetary Fund (IMF)
- International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD)
- World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO).
10.Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP).
For nearly two decades India had been trying to gain a foothold in the UN Security Council, in vain. However, after the visit of many leaders of super power countries, including the French President, India, at last, was roped in as a member in its Security Council, with 187 of the 192 countries vouching for it.
It was Japan’s exit that provided a platform for the entry of India.
However, some of the countries do not obey the resolution passed in the UNSC with regards to shedding of the arms. For instance, conflict between Israel and Palestine is yet to reach a pact. Although it is not a direct confrontation, the unrest in the border goes on unabated for over 40 years, with the people of Palestine hurling stones at the Israeli army and, in retaliation, the latter opening fire at the protestors.
This is due to the Israeli Occupied Palestine’s territory way back in the Middle East war in the late 60s when Israel was ruled by the then Prime Minister, Mrs. Golda Meir. It was she who founded the State of Israel and served as the fourth PM. The efforts put by Israel for a cease-fire in Palestine was shattered with the Israel-Arab war.
However, there is a general opinion that the UNO, especially, the Security Council, should be more effective.