OUR NATIONAL SYMBOLS—HOW WELL DO WE KNOW THEM?: Essay Topics

OUR NATIONAL SYMBOLS—HOW WELL DO WE KNOW THEM?

In an interview of several politicians—ML As, MPs and also some ministers and government executives, by a reporter of a private television channel, a few days before the independence day, revealed that many of them did not know our National Anthem and National Song. A few who knew the difference could not sing more than the first few lines of the songs. There could be nothing more shameful and sad than not to know the symbols and identity of Independent India.

Four of our National Symbols—The National Anthem, National Song, National Flag and National Emblems are the symbols of our national pride. They are deeply embedded in our rich heritage and culture, and history of our freedom struggle.

It is, therefore, the sacred duty of every citizen of India to know about them, understand the depth o their meanings and hold them in highest respect and close to their hearts.

Let us first take up the song — “Vande Mataram” — meaning salute to the Motherland. This National song was written by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, one of the greatest nineteenth century writers of Bengal. The song was written by Bankim Babu as a prayer, when the British were trying to foist on us their own “God save the Queen” in 1870. Initially the song was contained in the novel “Anandmath” as a marching song of a group of revolutionary monks who sang to inspire mass rising against the suppression of the rulers. In 1896 after Rabindranath Tagore sang it in the convention of Indian National Congress, it became the song of the people.

Later when the British tried to weaken the revolutionary Bengal by dividing it into East and West Bengal, people began chanting the song in protest at the Kolkata Town Hall in 1905. This then became the war cry of people that shook the mighty British so much that they banned the song and the slogan “Vande Mataram”. One must read the song against the background to appreciate the depth of soul stirring love and emotion with which the poet had charged the song. The song ‘jana-gana-mana-adhinayak-jaya he’ was written in 1912 by no less than the greatest poet born in India, and a Noble Laureate, Rabindranath Tagore. Many believe that the song was composed by Tagore in honour of King George V of England as a welcome song for his first visit to India.

This is not true. In fact, Rabindranath refused to have done anything with the welcome of the King and wrote the song as a tribute to the indomitable spirit of India, which binds together every Indian, to whichever cast or community he may belong. It is this spirit, which is our driving force and the sons of our great Motherland — Bharat, always seek her blessings and sing to her glory and for her victory. The complete song has five stanzas, but only the first stanza has been adapted as the National Anthem.

Our Anthem should be on every lip on whichever occasion the song is sung, while standing at attention and the head held high with pride for the Motherland.

Of the four National Symbols, the National Flag is most visible and therefore, everyone recognizes it. What need to be known are the history of our flag and the significance of its different parts? The National Flag was adapted by the constituent Assembly on 22 July 1947, just three weeks before we got our Independence. Indian Flag is also known as Tricolour because of its three equal horizontal bands in three colours — Saffron, White, and Dark Green.

Saffron stands for renunciation, valour and sacrifice; Pure White for truth and peace, which are virtues, emphasized in every religion; and Dark Green represents life, fertility and prosperity. The navy blue wheel (Chakra) at the centre has 24 spokes and represents Motion, Progress and Dynamism.

Seen in this light one will be able to appreciate that our flag reflects the Nations philosophy and should therefore, command utmost respect and pride for it. Also, we cannot forget that for being able to hoist the flag on the Red Fort on the 15 August 1947, precious lives had been laid down by our freedom fighters.

Our National Symbol has a history that dates back to 255 B.C., when Ashoka the Great, one of the greatest Kings in the world, gave up his lust for power and adapted Buddhism, being moved by the horror of the Kalinga war, which was his own creation.

Our National Emblem is an adaptation from one of the Ashokan Pillars in Sarnath on which his edicts for Peace and Non-Violence are inscribed. At the top of the pillar is the ‘Lion Capital’ on which our emblem is designed. The emblem shows three lions standing back to back (actually four lions in the Capital).

At the base there is a wheel at the centre with a galloping horse on its left and a bull on its right. The motto ‘Satyameva Jayate’ meaning ‘Truth only Triumph’s’ is inscribed at the bottom. The lions represent awe, majesty and power, the horse is the symbol of energy and speed and the bull signifies hard work and steadfastness. The wheel, the symbol of “Dharma”, also finds a place in our National Rag. Thus, our emblem stands for qualities and virtues every citizen of free India should emulate.

essay on role of student in development of india

ROLE OF THE STUDENTS IN DEMOCRACY ESSAY WRITING

ROLE OF THE STUDENTS IN DEMOCRACY

Demos is a Greek word for the people. Thus democracy is a government of the people. Students form a considerable part of the population of a country. Students symbolizes the youth of the nation. There has been a trend among the teachers and parents to advise students to remain away from politics. It is a partial view. If the young students do not share their responsibility it will fall on the decaying shoulders of the older generation. The older generation has its limitations. It succumbs to pressures and stands for status quo. Both of these go against the interests of the nation. It may remain under the sway of undesirable elements within the nation or surrender before the wishes of the progressive nations.

essay on role of student in development of india

Democracy is not a stale affair like monarchy, nor is it a reign of terror like a dictatorship. It is poles apart from extreme socialism that reduces man to nothing before the authority of the state. Democracy stands for permanent everlasting ripples in the body politic of the nation. It requires active watchfulness. A little of slumber may reduce it to a play thing of a dictator. Selfish over enthusiasm may give birth to indiscipline reducing democracy to anarchy. It may result in disintegration of the nation falling prey to the ambitions of a foreign power. It is only the youth; the youth students can provide the unselfish vigilance. It is only they who keep the nation united and strong enough to face the onslaught of a foreign power with iron hand. The fort of democracy is rather built on the strength of the young.

ROLE OF THE STUDENTS IN Indian Democracy

Progress in a democratic set up requires innovation in all spheres of human life and innovation is the prerogative of the educated young. Democracy requires not only the vigilance but change too. The social and economic institutions develop in a successful democracy as they have in the USA and Japan. Efforts are to be made through the government agencies too. Thus it is essential for the young students to play an active role in the democratic set up.

Social equality, individual liberty, freedom of thought, fraternity and a spirit of tolerance are the virtues on which the citadel of democracy rests. The old become a little conservative. In a country like India they stick to the caste barriers not allowing thousands of castes get mixed up. It is the young who are more large hearted. It is they who lay stress upon freedom of thought and individual liberty. Let them be the essential part of the political setup to make the democracy a real success.

RIVER WATER POLLUTION IN INDIA

Essay Topics on RIVER WATER POLLUTION IN INDIA

RIVER WATER POLLUTION IN INDIA

Holy rivers have rather become a myth today. According to a report of the National Environment Engineering Research Institute (NEERI) all the fourteen big rivers of India are badly polluted. They cover 85 per cent of the surface flow of water in the country. The main pollutant of river water is industrial waste. River Jamuna in Delhi receives 6000kg of dissolved solids, 3000 kg of heavy metals and 200 kg of detergents every day. In its 48 km stretch around Delhi Yamuna gets polluted through 17 drains that bring   toxics, acids and a number of chemicals that affect the health of the river and consequently of all those who depend on it for drinking and bathing water.

RIVER WATER POLLUTION IN INDIA

The Ganga starts getting polluted by chemicals from Rishikesh itself. It receives effluents from the Indian Drug and Pharmaceuticals Ltd (IDPL) and Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd. (BHEL). The flow of toxic effluents including chemicals metallurgy and fertilizers to river periyar in Kerala is so great that the people living on its banks have a high incidence of skin diseases. Cauvery and Kapila in Karnataka are so polluted that in stretch of 10 km of the banks of Cauvery people suffer badly from skin diseases, boils and burning sensation. Cauvery receives industrial wastes from Tamil Nadu.The story of Godaveri is no different. It receives 4,500 gallons of toxic waste everyday from Andhra Paper Mills alone. Plankton on which fish live has been dying in large numbers in the river. Similarly Hoogly and Damodar, receive untreated waste from coal washeries, pulp and paper mills, steel mills and chemical industries in Bengal. Hoogly receives industrial wastes of 150 big factories including jute mills, textile mills, paper and pulp factories distillers and tanneries. Even the fish have been greatly contaminated causing bone diseases and arthritis among those who eat fish in the area. The waste of fertilizer plant and Indian Oil Corporation flowing in to Mahi Sagar in Gujarat has killed fish, cattle and even elephants.

Essay on Water pollution in India

Human and animal excreta flow to all rivers in India. As it is untreated it is responsible for almost all water borne diseases. Untreated sewage flows into the Jamuna in Delhi through 17 open drains. Chambal, tributary of the Jamuna, is the most polluted river in Rajasthan. The people between Rajpura and Nagda suffer from acute shin diseases because of water pollution.

Efforts have been made to remove the pollution of the Ganga through the efforts of Central Gange Authority (CGA). No serious efforts have been made anywhere else. Three things are essential to let the rivers flow as pure as they were in the past. All industries in the cities on the banks of rivers should, under strict vigilance, treat their effluents before the water flows to the river. Municipalities and Corporations should have treating centers for their drain water. These will provide energy besides supplying pure water to the rivers. No government efforts can make the rivers unpolluted if the common man has no consciousness how to keep the rivers too unpolluted as he keeps his house neat and clean, Non Government Organizations can play an important role in educating the people both in cities and the rural areas.

Religious tolerance Essay topics

Essay Writing on RELIGIOUS TOLERANCE

RELIGIOUS TOLERANCE

Religious toleration is when people allow other people to think about god(s) in ways that they do not think are true. They tolerate religious beliefs and practices which are different from their own beliefs or lack of beliefs.

Religious tolerance is the backbone of a cultural and civilized society or nation. It is ingrained in the Indian psyche. A number of invaders came to India specially the Shaks and Huns. They were so perfectly assimilated in the Indian society that today no one knows if he is not a decedent of one of these. Whatever their religion was it also got dissolved in the waste humanity of India. After the uprising of Islam in the Middle East people belonging to the Zoroastrian religion and nation and those belonging to the Syrian church came to India to save themselves from those who believed in Islam. Similarly “we have “, according to Swami Vivekananda “gathered in our bosom the purest remnant of the Israelites who came to Southern India and took refuge with us in the very year in which their holy temple was shattered to pieces by Roman tyranny.”On 11 of September 1893 Swami Vivekananda declared in the Parliament of Religions held in Chicago he said, “I am proud to belong to a nation which has sheltered the persecuted and the refugees of all religions and all nations of the earth.”

Religious tolerance Essay topics

We ,in India ,believe that all faiths , whatever their origin may be lead to one God who is supreme, The convention at Chicago held more than a century back was in itself , as the Swami said a vindication ,a declaration to the world of the wonderful doctrine preached in the Gita.whosoever comes to Me , through whatsoever form, I reach him; all men are struggling through paths which in the end lead to Me.”He informed the Parliament of religions that in India millions of human beings repeat the hymn “ As the different streams having their sources in different places all mingle their water in the sea so,O Lord, the different paths which men take through different tendencies , various though they appear, crooked or straight all lead to Thee”.

It is the religious tolerance that has sustained India for the last seven millenniums – since the age of the Vedas, Of late in the year 2000 two events took place. One was a conference of all religions organized in the USA when the Indian Prime Minister went there on an official visit, It again proves that the people of the USA and many in the European countries believe in that might have originated anywhere in the world. On the other hand these are certain dogmatic religions preachers who think that their religion alone brings salvation to human beings.

When the Pope came over to India he had plainly hinted at the Catholic scheme of Christianization of Asia so that the people in this area too may believe in the only true religion. As if that was not sufficient the Vatican published a 36 page document called ‘Dominus Jesus’. It was published in India on ‘Teachers’ Day’2000.It was the second event of the year. The document was signed by Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger and Archbishop Tarcisio Bertone and was approved by the Pope himself. It was rather a sharp attack on the ‘relativistic theories’ that confirm that concepts such as right and wrong, goodness and badness, or truth and falsehood are not absolute but changes from the culture to culture and situation to situation’. The third chapter emphasizes that “the fullness of means to salvation can be found only in the Catholic Church. The Cardinal emphasized that these cannot be “a substitute for missionary activity and for the urgency of an appeal to conversion”/He said that the Church is opposed to any “false idea of tolerance”. Thus he dug deep the idea of religious tolerance.

According to T.V.R Shenoy it smacks “of arrogance to claim that every other path to God is a false trail. Not just Hinduism or Judaism but other Christian denominations as well.”Dr.George Carey, archbishop of Centerbury thinks that the document goes against the: the deeper understanding that has been achieved through ecumenical dialogue. The document was vehemently opposed by Hindus in India and Muslims in Indonesia and other Muslim countries. Cardinal Giacomo Biffi who may be the next Pope has called for every mosque in Italy to be shut down .Intolerance has its limits. It all goes against secularism.

Importance of Religion In India

Importance Of Religion : Essay Writing Topics

RELIGION IS NECESSARY

Karl Marx called religion as the opium of the people. He thought that religion numbs the sensitivity of the people. The people, then, become a tool in the hands of the clerics. Ultimately they become a tool in the hands of the rulers- the Kings. The religious preachers and the Kings support each other and treat the common man as sheep and goats. It is a very vicious view. Because of this view of Marx all the communist countries of Eastern Europe and many others became anti-religious after the Russian Revolution against the Czar.

How natural is religion to man was proved immediately after the fall of communism in Russia and the East European countries. The forefathers of most of the people were Christians. The forefathers of the five central republics were Muslims. All these people immediately started going to Churches. And Mosques. Even after the strict control of Stalin and Brezhnev their faith in religion remained in fact in a dormant state. Like the hibernation of the Siberian bear it came to life again and flourished.

Importance of Religion In India

In India religious teachings started from home in the past. The students would collect for prayer before the teaching started. Moral teachings were imparted to the boys and girls through stories of Ramayana, Mahabharata and the shlokas of the Gita. The young ones felt the omnipresence of God. It made them remain away from sinful immoral activities. They could hide themselves from their parents and teachers. But they had a consciousness that God was everywhere. They also had a feeling that it is God who rewards or punishes the good and bad deeds. In this way this religious faith has been responsible for lesser evil deeds in the past.

The so called secular leaders have done the greatest harm to the society. Under their regime it has become a fashion to be irreligious- to make a fun of the scriptures, of the religious personalities, of the saints. This apathy to religion has been responsible for an aversion from good and moral deeds. Soul has been shred to pieces and conscience has been killed. People are gradually becoming permissive. Smoking, drinking and drug taking have become common. They are rather the symbols of ultra modernism. Control over passion is considered a stale idea. There is an average of 50% of them enjoying sex before passing High School examination in most of the countries of the world.

With the loss of religious aptitude people are after extreme materialism. In the past it was said ‘money makes the mare go’. But today it lets the drug trafficking, mafiaism, the ‘call girl’ culture and a number of vices go. The ultimate has already reached in the shape of AIDS that dreaded disease.

The world is full of pains and problems. Sometimes we run from door to door to have peace of mind. But all human beings have some problem or the other. They may not be in a position to assist us if have firm faith in religion we surrender ourselves to the feet of the Almighty from whom all have sprung and in whom all have to dissolve. Eternal sleep awaits us all under his patronage. But he blesses us all in this life too. He is the last remedy. Only religious faith helps us when all others fail.