BIOGRAPHY OF PELE Edson Arantes do Nascimento, more widely admired by the world as “Pele”, was born on October 23,1940, in a small village in Brazil called Tres Coracoes in the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais. He was baptized in the municipal church called Igreja da Sagrada Familia de Jesus, Maria e Jose. His father, Joao Ramos does Nascimento, or Dondinho, as he was known in the soccer world, was also a professional player. He was well-known as one of the best-heading players in his time. He was a center forward for Fluminense until an injury kept him from playing professional division one soccer. His mother Celeste gave Pele and the rest of his family attention to their needs and a lot of love. When he was a child, Pele and his family moved to Bauru, in the interior of the Brazilian state of Sao Paulo, where he learned to master the art of futebol. One day he himself confessed that he “tinha tres coracoes ”, referring to the city where he was born, Tres Coracoes, and to Bauru and Santos. Pele’s Career Pele’s first job was shining shoes. But he had always dreamed of playing soccer. Pele’s soccer career started early. After playing in a few... read more
GROUND WATER POLLUTION So far as water is concerned there is a general belief and it has been experienced too that the river or tank or pond water may get polluted. In this age of chemical formations chemicals have been flowing in the drains polluting the river water after they join the river. The water in lakes and ponds is polluted by men and animals alike. Sometimes (rarely, of course) chemicals have rained too as have small fish and frogs. Thus even rain water, sometimes gets polluted. When pure water is not available and even tap water gets contaminated doctors advice to drink boiled water or go for the water that flows out of hand pump or jet system. It means ground water has always been considered pure and safe. If there are too many or too much salts in the underground water it may be brackish. One may not relish it. Still it may not be a health hazard. But of late it was found in Denmark that the infants, especially in rural agricultural areas suffered from methaemoglobinaenia. A research found that it was because of excess of nitrates in the subsoil water. Further in vivo (in the body of plant or animal) research revealed that transformation of nitrate... read more
A VISIT TO A HOSPITAL If visit to a mountain or the bank of a river is a visit to heaven visit to a hospital is one to hell. When I was a child my mother showed me a chart in which the sinners were being punished in different ways in hell. When I visited the medical college hospital to see one of my relatives who was in the Emergency Ward it seemed I was also admitted to the Hell as Yudhishthira was. The Emergency Ward is more or less casualty ward. People cry out of pain. Most of the patients are first admitted to this ward. The number of patients is generally more than the facilities available. I found my relative lying on a bench as no bed was available. He was to be operated for appendicitis next morning. The doctors were trying their best to give him comfort by that time. At last they administered drugs to let him sleep. I got some breathing time to visit other wards stealthily. At every corner I would meet a doctor dangling his stethoscope from side to side. The first ward I visited was Orthopedic Ward. It was a pitiable scene. Almost all the patients were in plaster or plaster... read more
GARBAGE, AN ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARD Garbage is a great environmental hazard. It comes from various sources- used paper, tiffin packing, plastic bags, ice- cream wrappers, bottle caps, fallen leaves from trees and many more. Garbage makes the premises ugly, unkempt and breeds diseases. It should be disposed of properly. A lot of trash that is thrown away contains material that can be recycled, and reused such as paper, metals and glass which can be sent to the nearest recycling center or disposed of to the junk dealer. It also contains organic matter such as leaves, which can enrich soil fertility. A compost pit can be made at a convenient location where the refuse can be placed with layers of soil and an occasional sprinkling of water. This would help decomposition to make valuable fertilizer. As far as possible plastic bags should be avoided to throw in the garbage. This would also prevent pollution that is usually caused by burning such organic wastes.
MY HOBBY A hobby is an activity we do for enjoyment during our spare time. It keeps us busy and we also derive pleasure out of it. Different people have different hobbies. Music, painting, reading, stamp collecting, coin collecting, gardening etc. are some of the common hobbies. My hobby is reading books. Whenever I am at leisure, I read books. It makes me feel refreshed and happy. I read books of all kinds- stories, novels, science fictions, poetry etc. Reading books not only gives me pleasure, it also enhances my knowledge on varied subjects. I read books both in English and Hindi. I don’t mind reading the same book again and again. I have a good collection of books. Sometimes I borrow books from my friends or get them issued from the library. I find books to be my best friends. In their company, I never feel bored or unhappy. I feel that reading books is one of the best hobbies that a person can have. I wish I had plenty of leisure, so that I could go on reading as much as I could.
ENTERING THE TWENTY FIRST CENTURY With the fast changes taking place in almost every sphere in the world it has become difficult to guess how we enter the twenty first century. Still there are certain things about which one can be almost sure. Global financial resources have already been centralized and almost monopolized by World Bank and International Monetary Fund. They are the biggest lending authority. The other big force that has developed as a big capital market is the European Union. Japan that is an important member of G8 , the most developed nations , has also gained an enviable monetary status in the world.Sarve gunah Kanchanamashrayante i.e. all virtues lie in one who has a command over gold . The world is expected to enter the 21st century dominated by this new group of lending agencies. It may look strange that Alfred Nobel the inventor of dynamic and the one who owned the biggest ammunition industry left his fortune to award prize for peace. The world forces have become wise still. America would talk of Non Proliferation Treaty (NPT), but would supply arms and ammunitions to backward countries – to Pakistan to fight India. China too supplies arms and passes on nuclear know how to underdeveloped countries... read more
ABUSE OF INDIAN CHILD There has been open abuse of children in a number of ways in India. Girls in early teens in Hyderabad and Kerala are married to Sheikhs from Arab countries. It went to such an extent that the Waqf Board had to ask the Moulvis to bring such pending marriages to the notice of the board before solemnizing them. The abuse of girls on the border of Maharashtra and Karnataka where girl child is offered to the temple of goddess Yellamma as Devadasi is nothing less than throwing her to the flesh market. The harassment of both male and female child in the bonded labor market is well known. Both are sexually assaulted by the employer and contractor. Same is the story of girls in the tribal belt where the child is a prey for the forest employees, contractors and even government servants. The condition of children is worse in city slums, footpath dwellings and Indian Jails. They are sexually exploited by the slum dadas-even neighbors in the slums and on foot paths in metropolitan cities. Since there are not many juvenile jails in India most of the child convicts are kept in regular jails. Sexual abuse is a regular feature. Hard core convicts and jail... read more
A MORNING SCENE IN MY TOWN The soul of William Wordsworth experiences bliss when he looks at London from the West minister Bridge. His lips brimming with joy move in the appreciation of The beauty of the morning: silent, bare, Ships, towers, domes, theatres, and temples lie Open unto the fields’ and to the sky All bright and glittering in the smokeless air. That is what the city was to the great bard of nature on September 3, 1802. The industrial revolution had not yet made the city dirty. The poet still saw the glimpses of the nature in the flow of father Tames when at the end of the sonnet he says. The river glided at his own sweet will: Dear God! The very houses seem asleep; And all that mighty heart is lying still! That is what I too feel when from the roof of my house I look at the houses in the lanes and bye lanes – all leading to the roads. Peace and tranquility reigns supreme. The lanes look like small streams flowing to meet the river of the main road. The roads lead to the high way- they are not yet awake, the eye lids have yet to open. The... read more