BIOGRAPHY OF PELE: Essay Writing Topics


Edson Arantes do Nascimento, more widely admired by the world as “Pele”, was born on October 23,1940, in a small village in Brazil called Tres Coracoes in the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais. He was baptized in the municipal church called Igreja da Sagrada Familia de Jesus, Maria e Jose. His father, Joao Ramos does Nascimento, or Dondinho, as he was known in the soccer world, was also a professional player. He was well-known as one of the best-heading players in his time. He was a center forward for Fluminense until an injury kept him from playing professional division one soccer. His mother Celeste gave Pele and the rest of his family attention to their needs and a lot of love. When he was a child, Pele and his family moved to Bauru, in the interior of the Brazilian state of Sao Paulo, where he learned to master the art of futebol. One day he himself confessed that he “tinha tres coracoes [had three hearts]”, referring to the city where he was born, Tres Coracoes, and to Bauru and Santos.

Pele’s Career

Pele’s first job was shining shoes. But he had always dreamed of playing soccer.

Pele’s soccer career started early. After playing in a few amateur teams like Baquinho and Sete Setembro, at the age of 11, while playing for an uncoached team called Ameriquinha, he was discovered by a former Brazilian World Cup player named Waldemar de Brito. De Brito recognized Pele’s skills and invited him to join the team he was organiz­ing (Clube Atletico Bauni?). When Pele was fifteen, in 1956, de Brito took him to the city of Sao Paulo to try out for the professional club called Santos Futebol Clube (SFC). That day, de Brito told the team directors that “This boy will be the greatest soccer player in the world.”

Pelt’s first show came on September 7, 1956, when he played in place of the center forward Del Vecchio. He came into the game to score the sixth of the seven goals in the 7-1 Santos victory. He scored his goal on the 36th minute, in a play between Raimundinho and Tite. The ball was given to Pele in the box, and even though he was surrounded by de­fenders, he shot on goal and the ball went under goalkeeper Zaluar’s body. Zaluar became famous as the first goalkeeper to take a goal from the great Pele. From there, the trip to the summit was fast. In his first league game with Santos, he scored four goals. The next season, he was a regular starter and came out score leader of the Sao Paulo state league, with 32 goals.

Pele in the World Cup

Pele played in four World Cups: Sweden 1958, Chile 1962, England 1966, and Mexico 1970. He scored 12 goals in 14 World Cup matches.

Sweden 1958

The first game Pele played in this world cup was Brazil’s third, versus the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). He was put in the game by request of the leaders of the team, who spoke to Vicente Feola about putting Pele and Garrincha on the field after winning their first game versus Austria 3-0 and drawing against England 0-0. In that game against the USSR, Pele did not score, but Brazil won 2-0 with two goals by Vava. In the next game, Pete scored the only goal. In the semi-finals against France, which Brazil won 5-2, Pele had a hat trick, and Vava and Didi each scored one goal. In the final against Sweden, Pele scored two goals (see goal video), Vava scored twice, and Zagalo scored once to prevail over the Swedes 5-2.

Chile 1962

Right on in the first Brazilian game, versus Mexico, Pele scored one goal, and Brazil won the game. Unfortunately, this cup, even though it was to be Pele’s cup, ended early for the great star. After ten minutes into the game against Czecho­slovakia, he pulled a muscle and was out of the tournament. The cup then became Mane Garrincha’s cup, while Amarildo substituted for Pele.

England 1966

Everything seemed to have gone wrong for Brazil in this cup. Somehow, 43 players were called to the squad, and when the team went to Europe, two of their best players, goalkeeper Valdir and forward Servilio, were cut out. In the first game, Brazil beat Bulgaria by a score of 2-0, with one goal by Pele and the other by Garrincha. Then the team lost against Hun­gary 3-1, and in the next game, Pele was violently forced out of the match because of injuries inflicted by the Portuguese twice before he was kept out of the game for its remainder.

Mexico 1970

This was the Cup that let Brazil take the Jules Rimet home to stay. In the first game, they triumphed over Czecho­slovakia 4-1, with two goals by Jairzinho, one by Pele, and one by Rivelino. Following in the Checks’ footsteps, Eng­land was beaten 1-0, with a goal by Jairzinho. Another vic­tory came versus Romania, which Brazil won 3-2 with two goals by Pele and one by Jairzinho. Brazil then beat Peru by a score of 4-2. In the semifinal against Uruguay, Brazil came over the top with a score of 3-1. The final game was against Italy, which Brazil won 4-1 with goals from Pele (see goal video), Gerson, Jairzinho, and Carlos Alberto. In this cup Pele had the 3 best “almost goals” in history, and gave the English goalkeeper Banks fame for the best save in the history of the world cup when Banks stopped one of Pele’s headers.

Three Seasons with the New York Cosmos

“It all started in 1971 when I was with Santos FC in Kingston, Jamaica, and received a visit from Mr. Clive Toye, general manager of a new team in New York called Cosmos; Phill Woosnam, who later would become a member of the NASL; and Kurt Lamm, general secretary of the US Soccer Federation. They wanted to know if I wanted to play in the United States for the Cosmos when I retired from Santos, When professor Mazzei translated their intentions, I said, ‘Professor, tell them they’re crazy! I will never play for any­one else after Santos!’ Three years later, after my last game for Santos, Clive Toye called me from New York and said that the Cosmos wanted to talk to me about a possible contract. And after six months of meetings all over the world, messages, telegrams, phone calls, I decided to ac­cept the proposition from Warner Communications, owner of the New York Cosmos, to return to the professional life for three more seasons.”

In 1993, Pete was inducted to the United States Soccer Hall of Fame. After a trip to Lima, Peru, to play a game, an inscription was placed on the stadium wall: “Here played Pele”. Once he even stopped a war in Nigeria: A 48-hour ar­mistice was signed with Biafra so that both sides could go watch Pele play a round of exhibition matches. When he left the national team on July 18, 1971, 200,000 people grieved in the monumental Maracaha, and he gave his historic number 10 jersey to a ten-year-old boy.

Pele is the only person to have won three world cups as a player (1958, 1962, and 1970), and scored 1,281 (or 1284) goals in 1,363 professional games, which is probably the all-time record in soccer. That’s a lifetime goal average of 0.93 goals per game. In 1959 he established the Paulist (S3o Paulo) league goal-scoring record for one season – 126 goals. On November 21, 1964, he scored eight goals in one game against Botafogo of Rio de Janeiro. On November 19, 1969, he scored his famous 1,000th goal from a penalty kick on the 34th minute of the game against Vasco da Gama and dedicated it “…para as criancinhas pobres do Brazil….” (to the poor little children of Brazil) and to the eld­erly and suffering peoples of Brazil. Pele also participated in what is known to be the “Golden Age” of the Libertadores Cup from 1960 to 1963, during which the great Uruguayan team Penarol faced the legendary Santos for the final games. Pefiarol won in 1960 and 61, while Santos took the champi­onship the other two years.

  • Pele defined the role of the playmaker/midfielder type. He led some of the greatest Brazilian players of all time -Vava, Didi, Garrincha, and others. Many said Pele would have been the best in any position he played. Pele once insisted to the manager of Santos that he play goalkeeper. On January 19, 1964, he substituted Santos goalkeeper Gilmar, who had been ejected, in the semi-final game of the Brazil Cup. For five minutes, after scoring three goals, Pele played with the number one jersey and made two spectacular saves that saved Santos the spot in the finals.



So far as water is concerned there is a general belief and it has been experienced too that the river or tank or pond water may get pol­luted. In this age of chemical formations chemicals have been flowing in the drains polluting the river water after they join the river. The water in lakes and ponds is polluted by men and animals alike. Sometimes (rarely, of course) chemicals have rained too as have small fish and frogs. Thus even rain water, sometimes gets polluted. When pure water is not available and even tap water gets contaminated doctors advice to drink boiled water or go for the water that flows out of hand pump or jet system. It means ground water has always been considered pure and safe.

If there are too many or too much salts in the underground water it may be brackish. One may not relish it. Still it may not be a health haz­ard. But of late it was found in Denmark that the infants, especially in rural agricultural areas suffered from methaemoglobinaenia. A research found that it was because of excess of nitrates in the subsoil water. Further in vivo (in the body of plant or animal) research revealed that transformation of nitrate and formation of nitro compounds are respon­sible for stomach cancer. Further studies conducted by the Agency for Environment Protection in Denmark revealed that the overall mean level of nitrate concentration in that country has trebled in the last 35 years or so. According to World Health Organization even 10 p.p.m of nitrogen in the form of nitrates makes the water unfit for consumption by infants.

With the result reasons too flew from Denmark to India. Though the Changes in ground water quality are still in a nascent stage the people in European countries have become cautious about it. A study conducted by the agricultural scientists of Punjab Agricultural University (PAU) in 1987 revealed that increased and indiscriminate use of nitrogenous chemi­cal fertilizers has been the cause of the malady. In the region of coarse textured irrigated farm land the nitrate/nitrogen levels have been found more than those prescribed by the WHO.

Punjab that supplies almost 50 per cent of the national require­ment of wheat in the country has achieved great success in the green revolution during the post independence period. It is partly because of the increased use of chemical fertilizers. The farmers have been feeding the earth with nitrogen to have more yields. The per hectare use of fertil­izers in the state in 71 -72 was 91.48 kg per hectare. It rose to 120.70 kg in 1985-86 and has been increasing since then. Most of this the nitrogen of the fertilizers is absorbed by the root zones. On the one hand the law of diminishing returns applies and the excess use of fertilizers is of no use, on the other the excessive amount of fertilizers enters the ground water in the region. That is how the ground water gets polluted. It is just the beginning. Still it is a matter of great concern. In such circumstances, according to Janne Forslund, a chemical engineer working with the Agency for Environment Protections Denmark, ‘widespread changes in ground water quality can be expected in the future.’ The changes are because of high dose of fertilizers that result in contamination.

Since it is just the beginning, the agricultural scientists feel that the ‘polluting context in the ground water can be reduced to acceptable’ levels with a proper water treatment.’ But this is only the curative aspect. It is rather necessary for the farmers to have a consciousness about it. It would rather be advisable to replace chemical fertilizers with the old dung manure. We have to abandon the nuclear plants. It would also be advisable to abandon the excessive use of nitrates in the form of chemical fertilizers. Let us be awake to the legacy that we leave for the coming generations



If visit to a mountain or the bank of a river is a visit to heaven visit to a hospital is one to hell. When I was a child my mother showed me a chart in which the sinners were being punished in different ways in hell. When I visited the medical college hospital to see one of my relatives who was in the Emergency Ward it seemed I was also admitted to the Hell as Yudhishthira was.

The Emergency Ward is more or less casualty ward. People cry out of pain. Most of the patients are first admitted to this ward. The number of patients is generally more than the facilities available. I found my relative lying on a bench as no bed was available. He was to be operated for appendicitis next morning. The doctors were trying their best to give him comfort by that time. At last they administered drugs to let him sleep.

I got some breathing time to visit other wards stealthily. At every corner I would meet a doctor dangling his stethoscope from side to side. The first ward I visited was Orthopedic Ward. It was a pitiable scene. Almost all the patients were in plaster or plaster chassis. The part covered with plaster could not move. Many were not allowed to move at all. Some had their feet stuck to and chained with hangers fixed to their beds. I just withdrew with a heavy heart.

The Surgical ward was equally horrible. The patients were lying with bandages. A case of open heart surgery was also done that day but the patient was in Intensive Care Unit. I could not see him. There seemed a serious case in a corner. Half a dozen nurses rushed to the patient. Resident Doctor was called. But none could help the patient. He breathed his last. It was rather too much for me. I did not have the courage to see the Medicine Ward and the Pediatrics Ward where death hovered like an evil bird.

It was time to go home for I had to come again next morning. In all this gloomy atmosphere there was something I liked the most – the dangling stethoscope. I just wished if I too be one of these noble souls devoted to the ill and the poor.



Garbage is a great environmental hazard. It comes from various sources- used paper, tiffin packing, plastic bags, ice- cream wrappers, bottle caps, fallen leaves from trees and many more. Garbage makes the premises ugly, unkempt and breeds diseases. It should be disposed of properly. A lot of trash that is thrown away contains material that can be recycled, and reused such as paper, metals and glass which can be sent to the nearest recycling center or disposed of to the junk dealer. It also contains organic matter such as leaves, which can enrich soil fertility. A compost pit can be made at a convenient location where the refuse can be placed with layers of soil and an occasional sprinkling of water. This would help decomposition to make valuable fertilizer. As far as possible plastic bags should be avoided to throw in the garbage. This would also prevent pollution that is usually caused by burning such organic wastes.

Essay about MY HOBBY


A hobby is an activity we do for enjoyment during our spare time. It keeps us busy and we also derive pleasure out of it.  Different people have different hobbies. Music, painting, reading, stamp collecting, coin collecting, gardening etc. are some of the common hobbies. My hobby is reading books. Whenever I am at leisure, I read books. It makes me feel refreshed and happy. I read books of all kinds- stories, novels, science fictions, poetry etc. Reading books not only gives me pleasure, it also enhances my knowledge on varied subjects. I read books both in English and Hindi. I don’t mind reading the same book again and again. I have a good collection of books. Sometimes I borrow books from my friends or get them issued from the library. I find books to be my best friends. In their company, I never feel bored or unhappy. I feel that reading books is one of the best hobbies that a person can have. I wish I had plenty of leisure, so that I could go on reading as much as I could.




My favourite book is Tagore’s Githanjali. The world is too much with us said Wordsworth. We actually ‘lay waste our power’ in earning and spending on favourite articles. Our books, our teachers all ask us to work hard to be successful in life. We are surrounded by materialism. I just want to remain away from this dirty world. Tagore’s Gitanjali gives me wings to fly away from this murky world to the land of imagination. It is not a frivolous fancy. The poems of Gitanjali elevate an ordinary man to be the spiritual level, even the common man can visualize god in his activities. The poems have a metaphysical approach. It removes the difference between man and God. Man is just a particle embodied in God and his creation.

Gitanjali begins with the Hindu sense of reincarnation when Tagore says ‘this frail vessel thou emptiest, again and again, and fullest it ever with fresh life’. According to Hindu thought all the activities are guided by all pervading spirit of God. The poet just offers a bouquet of songs to the Creator. He longs to meet him through these songs. ‘I touch by the edge of the far spreading wing of my song the feet which I could never aspire to reach’. For Tagore God is; Life of my life’, and he would try to ‘reveal thee in my action, knowing it is thy power gives me strength to act.


My Favourite Book

It is not merely metaphysical thought that makes Gitanjali a classic Tagore comes to the lowest level of human and depicts true life without vanity. This poet’s vanity dies in shame ‘before thy sight’. Like Kabir he asks the worshipper in the temple ‘Leave this chanting and singing and telling of beads…….open the eyes and see they God in not before thee! He is there where the tiller is tilling the hard ground….he is with them in sun and in shower, ad his garments is covered with dust.

The philosophy of Adwait of Shankar as propagated by Vivekananda has influenced Tagore’s writing. When in search of his creator he shuts his eyes he feels “Here art thou”. But the question and the cry “Oh, where?” melt into tears of a thousand streams and deluge the world with the flood of the assurance “I’m. The world for Tagore is a journey. Man comes from God. His home is God. Wordsworth calls life ‘trailing clouds’ which has to go back to its real home. Tagore ends his offerings saying ‘Like a flock of homesick cranes flying night and day back to their mountains nests let all my life take its voyage to its eternal home in one salutation to thee’.

Besides this caving to fly to his real home Tagore has not missed his faith and devotion to the Motherland. He wishes ‘Into that heaven of freedom my Father, let my country awake’

Where the mind is without fear and the head is held high;

Where knowledge is free:

Where the world is not broken up


Where worlds come out form the depth of truth;

Where tireless striving stretches its arms towards perfection;

Where the clear stream of reason has not lost its way into the dreary desert sand of dead habits.

Tagore’s Gitanjali is, in a nutshell, an encyclopedia of metaphysics, patriotism, the deception of common man’s toil- all leading to the realization of the Almighty who resides in man’s heart.

Essay topics on journey in a crowded bus



The bus stopped a little away from its regular stop. The whole crowd the passengers of the two buses rushed towards it. An earlier bus was cancelled. How to board the bus was a problem. There was no option but to use force. I used all the strength, pushing others back-all the abuses lashed at me- got in- very fortunate for the bus moved as soon as I managed a standing seat between the rows of sitting seats. Yes I’ll call it a standing seat for it was not possible to move even an inch from the space I was occupying. I tried to see out. None was left. All had managed to be in that black hole. Will you like to call the passengers men and women? No they were just jute bags filled with flesh and bones. Poor bags are loaded by others. These bags loaded themselves. Jute bags won’t mind if they are placed one upon the other. But these bags of skin grumbled.

It was June. The atmosphere at the bus-stand was very hot. But now all the passengers were adding to the heat inside. Even hell might have been cooler. I! No everyone was thirsty now. Water? It was not an A.C.compartment that water would be supplied. Yes you could have it when the bus stops. But why should it? It was an express-only two stops-one at a wayside restaurant providing free meals to the driver and the conductor. The other was near a silk emporium- a private one. No, no the driver has not to purchase anything. He has just to collect the usual halting charges. Almost all the passengers were out at the restaurant at least to have water, such a big crowd. I just thought of the djinn of the bottle. How could be enter the bottle. The whole crowd that even the hotel could have not accommodated entered the bus like the djinn in the bottle again.

Essay topics on journey in a crowded bus

Who to complain to? Everyone was perspiring and considering everyone else responsible for his inconvenience. A sudden break, A sea of heads moving backwards striking one another- some heavily –cursing the driver. These drivers have a grudge against the passengers who sit comfortable while he has to do his heavy duty. But today the scene was different. The driver was as safe in his cabin as ever while the passengers were at the receiving end. But old habits don’t leave a man. The driver had a sea of passengers that day to take his revenge upon.

‘For God’s sake don’t crush my foot’. But why have you put it under my shoe? Just push it back’, strange argument. A small child started weeping – might have been used to cooler in the summer. How could one explain him it was not house-it was a moving boiler. A bump again, everyone collided against someone else. The bus had just crossed over a speed breaker. ‘All hands in’ cried the conductor. The bus was passing through a tunnel. The lights were on to let the passengers not forget their plight.Lo! The tunnel was over. But the bus stopped with a jerk. Bedding had rolled down the roof of the bus. A few passengers hustled out of the bus. The bedding was brought back and lifted up the roof.

At last the bus reached Mangalore. What a comfort it was to be out of that luggage carrier all perspiring- all cursing the transport system of the state. It was a big relief to be out of the black hole after three hours torture especially for the children and women.

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With the fast changes taking place in almost every sphere in the world it has become difficult to guess how we enter the twenty first century. Still there are certain things about which one can be almost sure. Global financial resources have already been centralized and almost monopolized by World Bank and International Monetary Fund. They are the biggest lending authority. The other big force that has developed as a big capital market is the European Union. Japan that is an important member of G8 , the most developed nations , has also gained an enviable monetary status in the world.Sarve gunah Kanchanamashrayante i.e. all virtues lie in one who has a command over gold . The world is expected to enter the 21st century dominated by this new group of lending agencies.

It may look strange that Alfred Nobel the inventor of dynamic and the one who owned the biggest ammunition industry left his fortune to award prize for peace. The world forces have become wise still. America would talk of Non Proliferation Treaty (NPT), but would supply arms and ammunitions to backward countries – to Pakistan to fight India. China too supplies arms and passes on nuclear know how to underdeveloped countries in Asia and Africa. The world is heading towards disturbances – may be the 21st century is welcomed with large scale increase in the production of arms and ammunitions. Small nations may have conflicts as seen in Afghanistan. The big nations would just enjoy the fun – a creation of their own. But if mass consciousness awakes the world may enter the new century not with weapon of mass destruction but mass aversions for them.

The process of the policy of liberalization in India has opened the fluid gates of business and Industry for the multinationals. By the end of the century the whole pattern in sales and manufacture is expected to be under the full control of the foreign investors and their subsidiaries. Sophisticated business management and production are computer and capital oriented. They would not require more than twenty percent of the man power engaged at present. If no alternative sources of employment are available India will enter the 21st century with an army of unemployed people. It would have both skilled and unskilled ones.

The official statistical data asserts 2.1 per cent growth rate in population in India. Unofficial agencies put it at 2.5 per cent. More than one billion people in India crossed the fences that separated 2000 from 2001 at midnight.

Health prospects, throughout the world, are considered serious for the beginning of third millennium. According to a World Health Organization projection cancer may be number one killer throughout the world when we enter 21st century. AIDS too has come to stay in developing countries. We may enter the new century passing by the graves of millions of people who died of the malignant disease. Millions of HIV Positive and millions of people with full- blown cases would follow the procession.

New Speech Topics on ABUSE OF INDIAN CHILD


There has been open abuse of children in a number of ways in India. Girls in early teens in Hyderabad and Kerala are married to Sheikhs from Arab countries. It went to such an extent that the Waqf Board had to ask the Moulvis to bring such pending marriages to the notice of the board before solemnizing them. The abuse of girls on the border of Maharashtra and Karnataka where girl child is offered to the temple of goddess Yellamma as Devadasi is nothing less than throwing her to the flesh market. The harassment of both male and female child in the bonded labor market is well known. Both are sexually assaulted by the employer and contractor. Same is the story of girls in the tribal belt where the child is a prey for the forest employees, contractors and even government servants.

The condition of children is worse in city slums, footpath dwellings and Indian Jails. They are sexually exploited by the slum dadas-even neighbors in the slums and on foot paths in metropolitan cities. Since there are not many juvenile jails in India most of the child convicts are kept in regular jails. Sexual abuse is a regular feature. Hard core convicts and jail staff satisfy their sexual lust on these children. Eighties saw a new type of child abuse. There was a spree of child adoption by foreigners from developed countries on humanitarian grounds. In due course it was also found that in many cases these children had to work as household servants. Where can one find such a cheap commodity? In some cases it was also found that the children became sexual targets of their adopters. Government of India and the Mission of charity had to put many restrictions on this adopting business.

Nineties began with the most ignoble type of abuse. Even child abuse has taken a sophisticated turn in this age of sophistication. One can have or transmit the most sophisticated knowledge on latest inventions and technology across the world in milliseconds through Cyberspace and internet-information systems. There are a large number of files on the computer based bulletin board information system. It is in operation in all developed countries. A farmer, a scientist or a musician, even a housewife can secure information from a file in the bulletin network on the computer and can have its printout on a laser writer or any other printer one has access to. It is just like having a photocopy as you have of a reservation ticket or a computerized article.

This useful and most beneficial system has been now used for the satisfaction of the basest pleasure- the sexual vision and perception not indulgence of course. Paedophiles have introduced their own files in these bulletins. If a number of the files is known any one can have the meanest enjoyment of child pornography on their sets and can acquire the prints too. There is a network of paedophiles in the under developed countries. They would take the photographs or films of children who have been forced to indulge in sex with other children or even adults. These are transmitted to the bulletin files. This abuse was formerly arranged with small children in Sri Lanka. Beautiful beaches there are the happy hunting grounds for western paedophiles. The same has been done by these mean people in Thailand Philippines. Now it is the turn of India on a very large scale.

The biggest centre of these activities is Copenhagen, a beautiful port in Denmark. There pornography is legal. There are checks only on sexual abuse below age of consent. The age of consent is 15. Thus pornographic pictures and films of children of Denmark above 15 are not illegal. But in the case of children of undeveloped countries there are no norms. Their pornographic pictures are shown and enjoyed openly. The moral malady is expected to spread in other European countries too. India being a poor country anyone can be exploited here. Poor Indian children are easy prey to the evil designs of the paedophiles. When and how they manage to have the pornographic materials is yet to be traced. The government does not seem inclined to do anything in this respect in the modern atmosphere of liberalisation.



The soul of William Wordsworth experiences bliss when he looks at London from the West minister Bridge. His lips brimming with joy move in the appreciation of

The beauty of the morning: silent, bare,

       Ships, towers, domes, theatres, and temples lie

       Open unto the fields’ and to the sky

All bright and glittering in the smokeless air.

That is what the city was to the great bard of nature on September 3, 1802. The industrial revolution had not yet made the city dirty. The poet still saw the glimpses of the nature in the flow of father Tames when at the end of the sonnet he says.

The river glided at his own sweet will:

Dear God! The very houses seem asleep;

And all that mighty heart is lying still!

That is what I too feel when from the roof of my house I look at the houses in the lanes and bye lanes – all leading to the roads. Peace and tranquility reigns supreme. The lanes look like small streams flowing to meet the river of the main road. The roads lead to the high way- they are not yet awake, the eye lids have yet to open. The dawn has all the more made them numb. The roads move in their stillness. Only a few hours later they will be crushed under the heavy feet of the mad traffic. They will themselves rush with sped.

Before the sun rises to its shining glamour let me enjoy the dreaming tenure of the cross at the church. The temple bells have started ringing. Lord Shiva is awake. The songs in his praise are moving the very soul of the people-men, women, boys and girls who just want to have a glimpse of the Lord to begin the day with a good omen.

Although there are not many pranks in my city. They come to life in the early hours. See the old couple moving slowly to enjoy fresh air. The young are in the lawns-some for brisk exercise- the others for yoga sans. Some young ladies run after the tiny kids who are running after butterflies. The birds too are awake and are twittering to the little human beings who have yet to learn how to walk. As the trees lengthen their shadows with the rising sun the park is left alone to prepare itself for its evening rush.

The street lights withdraw as the sunrays spread all over. The restaurant at the road crossing brims with life –a few minutes more and you will have a hot drink of your choice- a tea or coffee, vadas, idlis or dosha. The north Indian restaurant in the other lane offers jalebis and samosas.

It’s half past six. Half of the city is awake. Housewives are out with their kids armed with Tiffin box and water bottles waiting for the school bus or rickshaw. The young ones are more anxiously waiting for they have to bear the heavy burden of their bags and kits. They are disciplined chaps standing in a queue unlike their elders who would push one another after some hours to enter the bus for their office.

Now it’s time for me too to leave the glamour of my city where

Never did sun more beautiful steep

Never saw I, never felt, calm so deep!

IELTS writing task 2 previous questions

IELTS Writing Task 2 : Essay Writing Previous Questions with Answers

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essay writing topics ielts 228

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Essay Writing Topics 228

IELTS Writing Task 2 Essay Writing Sample #227

Nowadays some individuals behave in an anti-society way, such as committing a crime. In general, it is the society to blame. What causes the anti-social behaviors of individuals? Who should be responsible for dealing with it?

essay writing topics ielts 228

It is unfortunate that in the midst of vast progress in every field of life there is also a growth in the anti-social behavior. People commit crimes and have become less respectful of each other. In the following paragraphs, I shall analyze some causes of this phenomenon and suggest some ways forward.

Today we live in an era of technology in which the whole Earth has shrunk and become a global village. Everybody is connected to everybody through telephone lines and the internet but the warmth of relationships has taken a back seat. Most people have more than enough wealth, comfort and freedom but their hearts desire even more. To satisfy their hearts greedy people choose unethical means such as committing petty and serious crimes. People have become selfish, isolated and indifferent and do not think twice before doing anything wrong. Each person is busy in his own quest for more.

The changing family structure is another big cause of this phenomenon. Earlier, people lived in joint families and the grandparents were there to supervise the children. Now there are nuclear families in which both parents go out to work and children are left unattended in the hands of pervasive media like the TV and the internet. No one monitors what they watch and they see the programs full of violence and crime which makes them anti social. The pressure of consumerist society and peers also breeds anti social behavior. Finally, unemployment is a cause of this phenomenon. The youth have a lot of energy and if it is not harnessed in the right direction can make them go astray and commit crimes. Therefore, it is essential that they don’t suffer from the menace of unemployment.

The individuals themselves, the society and the governments should deal with this situation together. There are many solutions to this problem. To begin with, people have to learn to strike a balance between work and family life. Government should also fix the maximum hours a worker can work per week so that exploitation is not there in the job market. People should revert back to the old joint family system. This would be in the benefit of all. The children would learn moral values and the elderly would be well looked after. Negative effects of excessive consumerism should be taught to the people. More and more employment opportunities should be created for the unemployed youth. Self employment can also be encourages.

In conclusion, I believe that, anti social behavior and mutual lack of respect in today’s times can be dealt with by taking simple measures and individuals and governments should collectively take these steps.

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essay writing topics ielts 227

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Essay Writing Topics 227

IELTS Writing Task 2 Essay Writing Sample #227

Some countries have introduced a law to limit working hours for employees. Why is this law introduced? Do you think it is a positive or a negative development?

essay writing topics ielts 227

There are countries in the world such as USA, Canada, Australia and many more where a person cannot work for more than 40 hours a week. In my opinion, it is a positive development. In the following paragraphs, I shall discuss why this law was introduced and my arguments to support my views.

This law was mainly introduced with a view to protecting the economic rights of the workers, and preventing exploitation. It is seen that in places where there is no such law, employees are exploited and instead of a normal working from 9am to 5pm, they are made to sit in offices from 9am to 9pm at no extra pay. Many other benefits of this law such as improvement in the physical and mental health of the employees and better family relations automatically followed.

This law is beneficial because, in this fast moving world of today, people have become workaholics. In order to satisfy their material desires, they are forgetting to draw a line between work and family. If working hours are fixed, then they have enough time for their family life and leisure. Secondly, overworking leads to stress and can lead to nervous breakdown in extreme cases. People also find time for their regular exercise if working hours are fixed.

Furthermore, having a limit on working hours also helps solve the problem of unemployment. More number of people working for a fixed number of hours is better than lesser number of people working more number of hours. What is more, it has been proved by researches that having a limit on the working hours, increases the output and productivity of employees. This could be a win-win situation for both, the employer and employee. Finally, it can be said that chances of exploitation of employees is much less if there is a limit on the working hours.

Some people oppose this law by saying that it is an infringement of rights. They say that if a person has the ability to work more, he should be allowed to work. Sometimes a person may need more money for his personal needs and so it is unfair to not let him work more. Nonetheless, it has been seen that in countries where such laws are there, people have a better life, better working conditions, lesser degree of unemployment and better productivity of employees.

In conclusion, I believe that, this law was imposed in the benefit of employees and employers and it has many advantages.

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IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Essay Writing Topics 226

IELTS Writing Task 2 Essay Writing Sample #226

The major cities in the world are growing fast, as well as their problems. What are the problems that young people living in cities are facing with? Give solutions to these problems.?

essay writing topics ielts 226

The world is steadily becoming more urban, as people move to cities and towns in search of employment, educational opportunities and higher standards of living. Urbanization creates opportunities and challenges on one hand and gives rise to different types of stresses and problems on the other. Rapid urbanization is coupled with the fact that nearly half of this population is below the age of 25. This essay shall deal with the problems faced by the youth in the cities and also suggest some ways forward.

The main problems faced by youth and everyone else in the rapidly expanding cities are because of pressure on the resources such as land, water and infrastructure like public transport, places, health care, law and order etc. There is an increased demand for land which pushes the property prices. This also leads to encroachment of pavements and creation of slums. There is little basic infrastructure for youth to access, ranging from parks and community centers, to basic services such as health, training and education. That is why there is an increase in crime and drug addiction.

Furthermore, there is increase the demand and consumption of water. Limited access to drinking water poses serious health hazards and easy spread of water borne diseases across the masses. Health hazards resulting from urbanization are also connected to air pollution, as well as crime, traffic and lifestyle. The increase in urbanization throughout the world has been accompanied by a sharp growth in urban traffic and the public transport system of the urban cities is choked. The youth in particular are severely stressed by these problems.

The problems faced by youth need to be tackled on a war footing. After all our youth are our most important resource and the time has come to address their problems. Youth can be engaged, not as leaders of tomorrow, but as leaders of today, through methods such as youth led development, and through international agencies working with local government to create safe and positive spaces in the cities in which youth are increasingly living in. The youth need to have safe urban based places in which they can call their own, where they can receive important information on issues such as HIV AIDS prevention, where they can receive job and entrepreneurship training, where they can practice and meaningfully engage in local governance, and where they can most importantly meet and co-exist peacefully with other youth.

In conclusion, I believe that, rapid urbanization has brought many problems for our youth but their problems can be addressed by engaging the youth in local governance and providing them proper education and job training so that they do not fall victim to the stress of urban life.

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