Religious tolerance Essay topics



Religious toleration is when people allow other people to think about god(s) in ways that they do not think are true. They tolerate religious beliefs and practices which are different from their own beliefs or lack of beliefs.

Religious tolerance is the backbone of a cultural and civilized society or nation. It is ingrained in the Indian psyche. A number of invaders came to India specially the Shaks and Huns. They were so perfectly assimilated in the Indian society that today no one knows if he is not a decedent of one of these. Whatever their religion was it also got dissolved in the waste humanity of India. After the uprising of Islam in the Middle East people belonging to the Zoroastrian religion and nation and those belonging to the Syrian church came to India to save themselves from those who believed in Islam. Similarly “we have “, according to Swami Vivekananda “gathered in our bosom the purest remnant of the Israelites who came to Southern India and took refuge with us in the very year in which their holy temple was shattered to pieces by Roman tyranny.”On 11 of September 1893 Swami Vivekananda declared in the Parliament of Religions held in Chicago he said, “I am proud to belong to a nation which has sheltered the persecuted and the refugees of all religions and all nations of the earth.”

Religious tolerance Essay topics

We ,in India ,believe that all faiths , whatever their origin may be lead to one God who is supreme, The convention at Chicago held more than a century back was in itself , as the Swami said a vindication ,a declaration to the world of the wonderful doctrine preached in the Gita.whosoever comes to Me , through whatsoever form, I reach him; all men are struggling through paths which in the end lead to Me.”He informed the Parliament of religions that in India millions of human beings repeat the hymn “ As the different streams having their sources in different places all mingle their water in the sea so,O Lord, the different paths which men take through different tendencies , various though they appear, crooked or straight all lead to Thee”.

It is the religious tolerance that has sustained India for the last seven millenniums – since the age of the Vedas, Of late in the year 2000 two events took place. One was a conference of all religions organized in the USA when the Indian Prime Minister went there on an official visit, It again proves that the people of the USA and many in the European countries believe in that might have originated anywhere in the world. On the other hand these are certain dogmatic religions preachers who think that their religion alone brings salvation to human beings.

When the Pope came over to India he had plainly hinted at the Catholic scheme of Christianization of Asia so that the people in this area too may believe in the only true religion. As if that was not sufficient the Vatican published a 36 page document called ‘Dominus Jesus’. It was published in India on ‘Teachers’ Day’2000.It was the second event of the year. The document was signed by Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger and Archbishop Tarcisio Bertone and was approved by the Pope himself. It was rather a sharp attack on the ‘relativistic theories’ that confirm that concepts such as right and wrong, goodness and badness, or truth and falsehood are not absolute but changes from the culture to culture and situation to situation’. The third chapter emphasizes that “the fullness of means to salvation can be found only in the Catholic Church. The Cardinal emphasized that these cannot be “a substitute for missionary activity and for the urgency of an appeal to conversion”/He said that the Church is opposed to any “false idea of tolerance”. Thus he dug deep the idea of religious tolerance.

According to T.V.R Shenoy it smacks “of arrogance to claim that every other path to God is a false trail. Not just Hinduism or Judaism but other Christian denominations as well.”Dr.George Carey, archbishop of Centerbury thinks that the document goes against the: the deeper understanding that has been achieved through ecumenical dialogue. The document was vehemently opposed by Hindus in India and Muslims in Indonesia and other Muslim countries. Cardinal Giacomo Biffi who may be the next Pope has called for every mosque in Italy to be shut down .Intolerance has its limits. It all goes against secularism.

short essay on population explosion in India

Essay Writing Topics on POPULATION EXPLOSION


A dark image bumps out of the television set every morning- the glory image of the biggest democracy of the world. India has already 45th position in the comity of nations so far as economic status is concerned. Adding the Australia to the population graph is not creditable. It adds as many mouths to be fed- as many bodies to be clothed. Education, most of them would have no access to when they are grown up. There is already a flood of illiterate young men and women. A child being born before the second needle takes a full round in the clock may lead the nation to a world of hunger, strife, slums, inequalities- an unimaginable disaster. Family planning is the only way out to save the nation from the final calamity.

The population in the world is bursting at the seams. It was 4 billion in 1975. According to a report of the United Nations Funds for population activities reached, 5, 48 billion mark in1992 and six million by 1998. There will be an average addition of 97 million every year in the last decade of the millennium. All of this population growth is expected to be in Africa, Asia and Latin America.

essay writing on population explosion in the world

UNFPA has projected three time tables of population growth by 2150. According to medium projection it will be 9.4 billion in 2050, 10.8 billion in 2150. It is on the pattern of optimum growth and will be possible if people take a firm decision and practice family planning. The most optimistic assumption is the low projection calculation of 8.5 billion by 2050. It will begin to fall after that. But the high projection growth is horrifying.

According to a report of International Labor Organization 8.1% people in developed countries had no jobs in1993. Germany was expected to have 11.3 per cent jobless people, France 12.0% and Britain 10.4 %. Unemployment is highest among unskilled workers and immigrants. Developing countries where there is no check on population have been facing the problem gravely. Half of the population of these countries is both illiterate and absolute poor.

The population growth has resulted in a wide gap between the earnings of the rich and the poor resulting in disparities of economic and social status. People have been migrating to big cities where industries are concentrated. It has resulted in thousands of slums in these cities. Slum culture results in flesh trade. A large number of girls are lured to the red area. Infant mortality has been increasing. Because of more population more land is acquired for residential purpose and agriculture. It results in denudation of forests causing environmental and ecological disaster.

The only way out is to check the growth of population. Long back Malthus had recommended celibacy for the purpose. But it is not possible to practice it in modern world. A large number of methods are available for temporary and short term checks.

essay on my favourite game

Short Essay on My Favourite Games


I had a fancy for some of the games played in developed countries and dreams of creating records in the international jamborees of Asian, Commonwealth and Olympic games. But the dream was smashed to pieces after the Sydney Olympics of 2000- the first in the new millennium. The fancy for cricket was already over by the match fixing scam. It is all the result of copying the West in all spheres. So that my imaginative faculty does not get blurred my mind came back to my homeland where the sum of civilization rose seven thousand years back.

So far as our games are concerned we have an egalitarian approach. Our games, in the past, were played by the rich and the poor alike. The most common game played in all the states of our country is kabaddi or TuTu. It has different names in different areas. But I have seen it being played everywhere. I like it the most as it is based in the spirit of cooperation of the whole team. If the opponent comes to say kabaddi all the six members of the team catch hold of one another’s hand making a chain so that once caught the opponent may not go out of their grip. All the six becomes a single chain. The opponent also tries to come out of their clutch as abhimanyu did in Mahabharata. He was not able to get out the kabaddi player may.

Essay on my favourite games

My favourite games

I am also interested in different types of races. I secured cups 200 meter race in the lower classes. I still run in the park and aspire for a better performance. Judo and wrestling too are of my liking. But of late I have taken fancy to yogasans. I wish they too are considered a part of sports. Sarvang asan and Surya namaskar are the two I have practiced. Surya namaskar is a combination of six asans and is very useful for keeping one healthy.

Another two games I have liking for are hockey and football. In these two too team spirit is very necessary. One has not to have the arrogance that he can push the ball in the goal himself. Passing the ball from player to player is necessary. Similar is the case with volleyball. Passing the ball for the final stroke by one who is at the net is very interesting. These three games are rather universal. India was once considered champion in hockey. For the last so many years we have lost our status as we are not able to practice it seriously.

essay on  my favourite game

Traditional Indian games

I haven’t much fancy for indoor games. Let us leave table tennis and carom for the girls. They too have specialized in something. Of course they are entering the games on which formerly only men had a monopoly. India got a bronze in the Sydney Olympics-won by a woman-Malleshwari-in weight lifting. Let them enter their world of kho-kho. Let me be a champion of yogasans that require a little of meditation too.

Speech Topics on Benefits and Problems of DAMS


Water management is essential not only for the development but for the very existence of the people. It is because of non realization of this that in many developing countries floods and drought go side by side. In the year 2000 in certain areas of Gujarat water was to be transported by trains while certain areas of Orissa and West Bengal were reeling under floods. In certain areas of Bihar it rains heavily during monsoon. But immediately after the rainy season the farmer finds his fields dry. It just means that it is essential to store the water for future use .One may just be helpless for the floods. But these too can be controlled to some extend if the river is channeled towards big dams.

Thus both for future use and for partially checking the floods big dams are necessary. For utilizing the rain water in sloppy areas like that of Bihar small dams are a must. It is rather exulting that while we had only 300 dams in 1947 we have 4300 big and small ones today. Thus the dam consciousness is gaining ground. During the last three centuries water requirement has increased 35 times. The annual consumption now is 3,400 cubic kilometers 69 per cent is used for agriculture, 23 per cent for industries and 8 per cent for domestic use. In developing countries like India 86 per cent is used for agriculture. To some it may look strange but the oceans have 97 % of the total water on the earth. Nature evaporates this water and supplies it to the world through rains. But it may not supply it when, how much and where we need it. It is here that water management through big reservoirs is necessary.  Naturally we have 45,000 dams in the world. But we may require some 30,000 more by the end of the century.

The world population is expected to be 8.9 billion by 2050. Global food grain demand may increase 37 per cent. Besides this for improving the general quality of life and for food production we require more energy .Economic growth means higher power consumption. Stocks of coal and oil in the earth being limited we have to shift to wind, wave, solar and hydro sources for 50 per cent of our power need. Hydro power being the cheapest we should have dams to generate it. For better life style more electricity is required. Besides it is essential that the tribal belt that depends on wood as fuel and from where trees are cut for other uses an alternative is to be found. Electricity through water management in their own area is the answer. They can have small hydro plants for power generation.

There is a notion that big dams create ecological problems. Medha Patkar is the most vociferous in this direction. She, for years together opposed the Sardar Sarovar Dam project. In October 2000 it was settled by the Supreme Court that the construction should go on. The court in its judgment wrote that construction of “big dams cannot be equated with setting up of polluting industries as far as their effect on the environment is concerned. What is being constructed is a large dam. It is neither a nuclear establishment nor a polluting industry. The construction of a dam would undoubtly result in the change of environment but it will not be correct to presume that it will result in ecological disasters”.



Born in the USA in 1931. Computer has come of age. For years it was monopolized by IBMC USA. It was justifying its name it was originally a calculating gadget. As it grew in age the electric circuits and transistors underwent sophisticated formations. The calculators were left for small manufacturers. They dwarfed themselves to the size of a playing card or even smaller to fit in the pockets and purses of students and businessmen.

Eighties saw the fifth generation of computers performing different functions. They store information as the human brain does. Like human brain they manipulate, compare and come to decisions. While human brain may take a long time a computer meant for a purpose comes to a conclusion developed jointly by IBM and Harvard University in1944. But it was in February 1946 that the world’s first generation calculator called ENIAC came into existence. It could perform 5000 additions per second. The modern computer is billions of times faster and decisive than human brain. Now computers can be classified as main frame, mini and micro computers.

We have trained and specialized in different trades. So have we computers meant for different purposes. One may approach the Astrological Computer; feed it with the qualities and qualifications of the boy and the girl. Within a second it will let one know if the marriage would be successful or not. There are computers that would compose hundreds of pages of a book in a day. Big industrialists and business firms keep their accounts and secrets in computers. Super computers are installed in banks would allow a customer to draw money from any branch in the city or region.

The more sophisticated a man is the more prone is he to diseases. It is true about computers too. In the beginning of the Eighties Pakistan interfered with the border communication system of Indian Forces manned by computers. The Indian soldiers received strange orders and were confused. The USA communication system was infected by computer virus in later eighties. Someone fed one of the computers with strange things that disturbed the whole system and destroyed the labor of billions of man hours.

India, in many cities, has installed computerized reservation system. In Delhi four stations have been interlinked. We are going to interlink many important cities for Railway Reservation. In eighties India installed a Super Computer acquired from USA to interlink all the odd 500 district places of the country with Delhi. Let us be cautious about the virus. By 1988 the fastest Super Computer was manufactured by a US firm, it produced 2.7 billion operations per second. In nineties HNSX  a combination of a Japanese firm and one of the USA delivered another super computer ‘Crey3’ which is expected to perform 16  billion operations per second. USA has an eye on a super computer it expects to bring about in the new country. It is aimed at a capability of producing a trillion operations per second.

The most popular computer is the PC computer. It is a micro computer consisting System, Unit, the keyboard and Visual Display unit. It is accompanied by a printer too. It has a keyboard like a typewriter plus the alpha numeric characters. The latest IBM PC has 121 keys on the keyboard which is connected to the system unit of micro computers via a coiled cable. Backed by Internet computer has developed a global electronic community of millions of interconnected computer networks.

Let us wish and hope they are not infested by virus and are not used foe destructive purposes.