essay on role of student in development of india



Demos is a Greek word for the people. Thus democracy is a government of the people. Students form a considerable part of the population of a country. Students symbolizes the youth of the nation. There has been a trend among the teachers and parents to advise students to remain away from politics. It is a partial view. If the young students do not share their responsibility it will fall on the decaying shoulders of the older generation. The older generation has its limitations. It succumbs to pressures and stands for status quo. Both of these go against the interests of the nation. It may remain under the sway of undesirable elements within the nation or surrender before the wishes of the progressive nations.

essay on role of student in development of india

Democracy is not a stale affair like monarchy, nor is it a reign of terror like a dictatorship. It is poles apart from extreme socialism that reduces man to nothing before the authority of the state. Democracy stands for permanent everlasting ripples in the body politic of the nation. It requires active watchfulness. A little of slumber may reduce it to a play thing of a dictator. Selfish over enthusiasm may give birth to indiscipline reducing democracy to anarchy. It may result in disintegration of the nation falling prey to the ambitions of a foreign power. It is only the youth; the youth students can provide the unselfish vigilance. It is only they who keep the nation united and strong enough to face the onslaught of a foreign power with iron hand. The fort of democracy is rather built on the strength of the young.


Progress in a democratic set up requires innovation in all spheres of human life and innovation is the prerogative of the educated young. Democracy requires not only the vigilance but change too. The social and economic institutions develop in a successful democracy as they have in the USA and Japan. Efforts are to be made through the government agencies too. Thus it is essential for the young students to play an active role in the democratic set up.

Social equality, individual liberty, freedom of thought, fraternity and a spirit of tolerance are the virtues on which the citadel of democracy rests. The old become a little conservative. In a country like India they stick to the caste barriers not allowing thousands of castes get mixed up. It is the young who are more large hearted. It is they who lay stress upon freedom of thought and individual liberty. Let them be the essential part of the political setup to make the democracy a real success.




Holy rivers have rather become a myth today. According to a report of the National Environment Engineering Research Institute (NEERI) all the fourteen big rivers of India are badly polluted. They cover 85 per cent of the surface flow of water in the country. The main pollutant of river water is industrial waste. River Jamuna in Delhi receives 6000kg of dissolved solids, 3000 kg of heavy metals and 200 kg of detergents every day. In its 48 km stretch around Delhi Yamuna gets polluted through 17 drains that bring   toxics, acids and a number of chemicals that affect the health of the river and consequently of all those who depend on it for drinking and bathing water.


The Ganga starts getting polluted by chemicals from Rishikesh itself. It receives effluents from the Indian Drug and Pharmaceuticals Ltd (IDPL) and Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd. (BHEL). The flow of toxic effluents including chemicals metallurgy and fertilizers to river periyar in Kerala is so great that the people living on its banks have a high incidence of skin diseases. Cauvery and Kapila in Karnataka are so polluted that in stretch of 10 km of the banks of Cauvery people suffer badly from skin diseases, boils and burning sensation. Cauvery receives industrial wastes from Tamil Nadu.The story of Godaveri is no different. It receives 4,500 gallons of toxic waste everyday from Andhra Paper Mills alone. Plankton on which fish live has been dying in large numbers in the river. Similarly Hoogly and Damodar, receive untreated waste from coal washeries, pulp and paper mills, steel mills and chemical industries in Bengal. Hoogly receives industrial wastes of 150 big factories including jute mills, textile mills, paper and pulp factories distillers and tanneries. Even the fish have been greatly contaminated causing bone diseases and arthritis among those who eat fish in the area. The waste of fertilizer plant and Indian Oil Corporation flowing in to Mahi Sagar in Gujarat has killed fish, cattle and even elephants.

Essay on Water pollution in India

Human and animal excreta flow to all rivers in India. As it is untreated it is responsible for almost all water borne diseases. Untreated sewage flows into the Jamuna in Delhi through 17 open drains. Chambal, tributary of the Jamuna, is the most polluted river in Rajasthan. The people between Rajpura and Nagda suffer from acute shin diseases because of water pollution.

Efforts have been made to remove the pollution of the Ganga through the efforts of Central Gange Authority (CGA). No serious efforts have been made anywhere else. Three things are essential to let the rivers flow as pure as they were in the past. All industries in the cities on the banks of rivers should, under strict vigilance, treat their effluents before the water flows to the river. Municipalities and Corporations should have treating centers for their drain water. These will provide energy besides supplying pure water to the rivers. No government efforts can make the rivers unpolluted if the common man has no consciousness how to keep the rivers too unpolluted as he keeps his house neat and clean, Non Government Organizations can play an important role in educating the people both in cities and the rural areas.

Religious tolerance Essay topics



Religious toleration is when people allow other people to think about god(s) in ways that they do not think are true. They tolerate religious beliefs and practices which are different from their own beliefs or lack of beliefs.

Religious tolerance is the backbone of a cultural and civilized society or nation. It is ingrained in the Indian psyche. A number of invaders came to India specially the Shaks and Huns. They were so perfectly assimilated in the Indian society that today no one knows if he is not a decedent of one of these. Whatever their religion was it also got dissolved in the waste humanity of India. After the uprising of Islam in the Middle East people belonging to the Zoroastrian religion and nation and those belonging to the Syrian church came to India to save themselves from those who believed in Islam. Similarly “we have “, according to Swami Vivekananda “gathered in our bosom the purest remnant of the Israelites who came to Southern India and took refuge with us in the very year in which their holy temple was shattered to pieces by Roman tyranny.”On 11 of September 1893 Swami Vivekananda declared in the Parliament of Religions held in Chicago he said, “I am proud to belong to a nation which has sheltered the persecuted and the refugees of all religions and all nations of the earth.”

Religious tolerance Essay topics

We ,in India ,believe that all faiths , whatever their origin may be lead to one God who is supreme, The convention at Chicago held more than a century back was in itself , as the Swami said a vindication ,a declaration to the world of the wonderful doctrine preached in the Gita.whosoever comes to Me , through whatsoever form, I reach him; all men are struggling through paths which in the end lead to Me.”He informed the Parliament of religions that in India millions of human beings repeat the hymn “ As the different streams having their sources in different places all mingle their water in the sea so,O Lord, the different paths which men take through different tendencies , various though they appear, crooked or straight all lead to Thee”.

It is the religious tolerance that has sustained India for the last seven millenniums – since the age of the Vedas, Of late in the year 2000 two events took place. One was a conference of all religions organized in the USA when the Indian Prime Minister went there on an official visit, It again proves that the people of the USA and many in the European countries believe in that might have originated anywhere in the world. On the other hand these are certain dogmatic religions preachers who think that their religion alone brings salvation to human beings.

When the Pope came over to India he had plainly hinted at the Catholic scheme of Christianization of Asia so that the people in this area too may believe in the only true religion. As if that was not sufficient the Vatican published a 36 page document called ‘Dominus Jesus’. It was published in India on ‘Teachers’ Day’2000.It was the second event of the year. The document was signed by Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger and Archbishop Tarcisio Bertone and was approved by the Pope himself. It was rather a sharp attack on the ‘relativistic theories’ that confirm that concepts such as right and wrong, goodness and badness, or truth and falsehood are not absolute but changes from the culture to culture and situation to situation’. The third chapter emphasizes that “the fullness of means to salvation can be found only in the Catholic Church. The Cardinal emphasized that these cannot be “a substitute for missionary activity and for the urgency of an appeal to conversion”/He said that the Church is opposed to any “false idea of tolerance”. Thus he dug deep the idea of religious tolerance.

According to T.V.R Shenoy it smacks “of arrogance to claim that every other path to God is a false trail. Not just Hinduism or Judaism but other Christian denominations as well.”Dr.George Carey, archbishop of Centerbury thinks that the document goes against the: the deeper understanding that has been achieved through ecumenical dialogue. The document was vehemently opposed by Hindus in India and Muslims in Indonesia and other Muslim countries. Cardinal Giacomo Biffi who may be the next Pope has called for every mosque in Italy to be shut down .Intolerance has its limits. It all goes against secularism.

Importance of Religion In India

Importance Of Religion : Essay Writing Topics


Karl Marx called religion as the opium of the people. He thought that religion numbs the sensitivity of the people. The people, then, become a tool in the hands of the clerics. Ultimately they become a tool in the hands of the rulers- the Kings. The religious preachers and the Kings support each other and treat the common man as sheep and goats. It is a very vicious view. Because of this view of Marx all the communist countries of Eastern Europe and many others became anti-religious after the Russian Revolution against the Czar.

How natural is religion to man was proved immediately after the fall of communism in Russia and the East European countries. The forefathers of most of the people were Christians. The forefathers of the five central republics were Muslims. All these people immediately started going to Churches. And Mosques. Even after the strict control of Stalin and Brezhnev their faith in religion remained in fact in a dormant state. Like the hibernation of the Siberian bear it came to life again and flourished.

Importance of Religion In India

In India religious teachings started from home in the past. The students would collect for prayer before the teaching started. Moral teachings were imparted to the boys and girls through stories of Ramayana, Mahabharata and the shlokas of the Gita. The young ones felt the omnipresence of God. It made them remain away from sinful immoral activities. They could hide themselves from their parents and teachers. But they had a consciousness that God was everywhere. They also had a feeling that it is God who rewards or punishes the good and bad deeds. In this way this religious faith has been responsible for lesser evil deeds in the past.

The so called secular leaders have done the greatest harm to the society. Under their regime it has become a fashion to be irreligious- to make a fun of the scriptures, of the religious personalities, of the saints. This apathy to religion has been responsible for an aversion from good and moral deeds. Soul has been shred to pieces and conscience has been killed. People are gradually becoming permissive. Smoking, drinking and drug taking have become common. They are rather the symbols of ultra modernism. Control over passion is considered a stale idea. There is an average of 50% of them enjoying sex before passing High School examination in most of the countries of the world.

With the loss of religious aptitude people are after extreme materialism. In the past it was said ‘money makes the mare go’. But today it lets the drug trafficking, mafiaism, the ‘call girl’ culture and a number of vices go. The ultimate has already reached in the shape of AIDS that dreaded disease.

The world is full of pains and problems. Sometimes we run from door to door to have peace of mind. But all human beings have some problem or the other. They may not be in a position to assist us if have firm faith in religion we surrender ourselves to the feet of the Almighty from whom all have sprung and in whom all have to dissolve. Eternal sleep awaits us all under his patronage. But he blesses us all in this life too. He is the last remedy. Only religious faith helps us when all others fail.

Education system in india essay topics



The education system introduced by Lord Macaulay is deeply rooted in the Indian psyche. The Britishers introduced a system that would provide them clerks and officers to run their government. Formal education in Arts becomes popular. A degree would provide a job. It used to be a government job. It was something like a morsel thrown by the master. But as the vision widened people started thinking of something else too. Moreover the government could not provide jobs to all who had academic qualifications. The first to think over it was Mahatma Gandhi. He gave the task to Dr.Zakir Hussain. The scheme was drawn and an experiment was done by Wardha. Even the British authorities were impressed by the scheme. It was introduced in the primary section in many states. The children would make clay model, wooden toys, draw paintings and do a little of kitchen farming too.

Education system in india essay topics

Importance of Professional Education in School

This all proved a farce. The toys and models were prepared by others and showed against the names of students. Moreover parents in cities did not like their children coming back from school in dirty clothes. The ideal of learning handicrafts did not pick up. The educationalists fell back on the formal education.

With the rise in population academicians, parents, the government all were worried. They were impressed by the introduction of professional and technical courses in other countries especially in Japan and the U.S.A. The Japanese system required more labor and a strong national character. There has been no training about national character in India after Independence. So academicians looked to the American system. By 1985 vocational and professional courses were introduced in 9 states. But it was a half-hearted effort. The courses covered only 2.5 % of schools. The students were not given a thorough technical or professional knowledge. They did not secure any jobs and went for degree in arts. Thus it has been facing a slow death.

In India, for higher studies we have professional and vocational colleges like I.I.Ts, Engineering colleges, Medical colleges, Law colleges, Colleges in Business Management and other traits. For a diploma course too we have separate institutions or a lower department in vocational colleges. IITs provide certificate courses in many streams including shorthand and computer sciences.

If professional or technical education has to be a part of regular studied all the technical institutions should be assimilated with regular high schools and +2 classes. These institutions should have all the laboratories at least up to the standard of those in the IITs. They should have technical staff too. The whole system of education requires an overhauling. But it is not possible if the government spends only 2 per cent of its revenue on education. Let us pay more attention to look after the human factor to make the nation strong.

short essay on population explosion in India

Essay Writing Topics on POPULATION EXPLOSION


A dark image bumps out of the television set every morning- the glory image of the biggest democracy of the world. India has already 45th position in the comity of nations so far as economic status is concerned. Adding the Australia to the population graph is not creditable. It adds as many mouths to be fed- as many bodies to be clothed. Education, most of them would have no access to when they are grown up. There is already a flood of illiterate young men and women. A child being born before the second needle takes a full round in the clock may lead the nation to a world of hunger, strife, slums, inequalities- an unimaginable disaster. Family planning is the only way out to save the nation from the final calamity.

The population in the world is bursting at the seams. It was 4 billion in 1975. According to a report of the United Nations Funds for population activities reached, 5, 48 billion mark in1992 and six million by 1998. There will be an average addition of 97 million every year in the last decade of the millennium. All of this population growth is expected to be in Africa, Asia and Latin America.

essay writing on population explosion in the world

UNFPA has projected three time tables of population growth by 2150. According to medium projection it will be 9.4 billion in 2050, 10.8 billion in 2150. It is on the pattern of optimum growth and will be possible if people take a firm decision and practice family planning. The most optimistic assumption is the low projection calculation of 8.5 billion by 2050. It will begin to fall after that. But the high projection growth is horrifying.

According to a report of International Labor Organization 8.1% people in developed countries had no jobs in1993. Germany was expected to have 11.3 per cent jobless people, France 12.0% and Britain 10.4 %. Unemployment is highest among unskilled workers and immigrants. Developing countries where there is no check on population have been facing the problem gravely. Half of the population of these countries is both illiterate and absolute poor.

The population growth has resulted in a wide gap between the earnings of the rich and the poor resulting in disparities of economic and social status. People have been migrating to big cities where industries are concentrated. It has resulted in thousands of slums in these cities. Slum culture results in flesh trade. A large number of girls are lured to the red area. Infant mortality has been increasing. Because of more population more land is acquired for residential purpose and agriculture. It results in denudation of forests causing environmental and ecological disaster.

The only way out is to check the growth of population. Long back Malthus had recommended celibacy for the purpose. But it is not possible to practice it in modern world. A large number of methods are available for temporary and short term checks.

Essay on The Ozone Layer Depletion and Its Effects

Essay on The Ozone Layer Depletion and Its Effects


Ozone is a condensed form of Oxygen. It has three atoms of Oxygen instead of two and has a faint blue color with pungent odor.In industries it is used in deodorization, oxidation and bleaching and it is generated by a silent electric discharge in ordinary Oxygen. Thus it is useful in this way. It is very useful in saving life from sun radiation. It actually forms an umbrella over the earth. It is concentrated generally 30 km above the surface of earth. It is generated there by the interaction of high radiation of the sun on the oxygen in the atmosphere. Its concentration is only 10 ppm parts of air. Still it stops sun radiation to penetrate the earth.

Essay on The Ozone Layer Depletion and Its Effects

If there is a pollution of ozone i.e. if the ozone layer is disturbed the sun radiation would attack human life, animal and plant life. The ultra violet rays would eat all life on earth. A one percent reduction of ozone layer would mean 4 to 8 per cent increase of skin cancer among people having light colored skin.

With an increase of 22 per cent cancer among men and 17 per cent women in Australia the Northern America was rather awake. Research in 1985 showed that there was a big hole in Ozone layer in Antarctica- as big as the United States and as deep as Mount Everst.4.9 to 10.6 per cent loss was found over Australia. This resulted in one lakh forty thousand cases of skin cancer every year in a population of one crore seventy lakh the highest in the world.

Research in 1985 showed the chlorofluoro carbons (CFC) used in air conditioning and refrigerators finally moves out and stops its journey only after crossing the ozone shield. With an interaction with ultraviolet rays of the sun chlorine is separated. It eats ozone. Thus CFC has proved a great pollutant. If its use is continued the hole over Antartica, Australia and Europe would increase so much that people may not survive in due course. To save the world from the pollution of ultra violet rays ozone must be preserved and some other substitute must be found for the cooling system.

A report published on October 5,2000 based on research done in Wellington asserts that the hole over Antarctica covers 29.3 million an area more than three times the size of the USA.It extended over the Sothern Chile city of Punta Arenas exposing residents to very high levels of ultra violet radiations. Segments separating from the hole could affect Argentina; tip South Africa, Australia and New Zealand. It is rather a challenge to the world to check this ozone depletion or it will gradually affect some more areas.

Short essay writing topics on World Peace




History is a record of wars. Peace is still a dream. People talk of peace but prepare for war. Almost all the countries have been raising their defense budgets. With the fall of Soviet empire, cold war is over. But the fall of Communism has seen disintegration of many countries. World wars have been replaced by small ones. They are uglier still. The world wars were fought for a number of years. These small wars may continue for years together.

The nation of Islamic brotherhood has been falsified by a number of wars between Islamic nations. Iran-Iraq, Iraq-Kuwait and the furious war continuing among three groups in Afghanistan have rendered lakhs of people dead. The trouble in Bosnia and Palestine seems unending. The African tribes never see eye to eye. Millions have recently died in South Africa. It seems that the main business of some of the Middle East and Asian Islamic countries and the tribes of many African countries is to have wars on big or small scale.

Short essay writing topics on World Peace

World Peace

After the partition of India in 1947 India has been making progress in the field of industries. Pakistan too has been. But there the main industry is the manufacture of arms and ammunitions. A country having a population of 13 crore people thinks of only preparations of war against India. In India there is no peace in North East region and in Kashmir valley. In Sri Lanka LTTE and the government have a perpetual struggle? In U.K there are permanent violent clashes between the Protestant English and the Roman Catholic Irish people.

In the first and second century .D there were bloody wars between the Christians and the non- Christians in Europe. After the sixth century Islamic crusaders attacked many parts of Asia including India, Africa and some parts of Europe too. The wars didn’t stop with the attacks from the Muslim countries of the Middle East. The neo-converts to Islam waged wars against the rest with a greater vehemence. This spirit of Jehad has not stopped even today. Looking to this permanent phenomenon a French astrologer once said that the next world war would be between the fundamentalist Muslim forces and the rest of the world. It means he foresaw another war long back. The wars that started among the people of the Stone Age are still continuing. The only difference is that the old nomad fought with stones and boulders while the modern man has the most sophisticated arsenal. Even the atomic ammunition has been left behind. The LASER rays when fully developed may kill all the living beings and vegetation. The there will be permanent peace-peace of the graveyard.

Major Rivers in India Essay Writing Topics




Himalaya, the highest mountain range in the world is the crown of India .Still it has not given the longest or the widest river to the country. The longest in the world are Amazon in South America and Nile in Africa. In length Brahmaputra of India is 28th while river Ganga is 31st. Indus, of course is 26th.But it is no more in India. By the time it is known as Sindhu it flows through Pakistan. It has five tributaries, three of which originate in the Indian region of the Himalayas and flow through the Indian territory before joining Sindhu in Pakistan. None of the Himalayan rivers crosses the Vindhyachal range. None flows through the Southern Peninsula.

The main rivers of the Himalayan ranges are sindhu, Brahmaputra, Ganga and Jamuna, Sindhu and its tributaries all origin in the Himalayas and criss cross both India and Pakistan. The origin of Sindhu is mount Kailas. It ultimately falls into the Arabian Sea in Sindh. The Brahmaputra rises in Western Tibet and flows over to the North- Eastern region to flow into the Bay of Bengal. Ganga is considered as the most pious river in India. It rises from Gangotri while Jamuna its tributary rises from Jamnotri. Both of them flow through the heartland of India. Jamuna joins Ganga at Prayag and then the Ganga flowing through Bihar and Bengal meets the Bay of Bengal near Calcutta.

Major Rivers in India Essay Writing Topics

Besides these perennial rivers we have many in the South and the West. While the Himalayan Rivers cover about 70% of the inflow of water the Southern ones cover about 30 %. All the Southern and West coast rivers are rain fed and so may be called seasonal. After the rainy season they are just lean streams, Narmada and Tapti rise in the North and flow to the Gulf of Cambay in Gujarat, The Shravati, the Netravati, and the Bharata puzha, the Periyar and the Pamba originate in the Western Ghats. Crossing the West Coast they join the Arabian Sea. The Krishna, the Godavari, the Pennar and the Cauvery too originate in the Western Ghats. But crossing the Peninsula, flowing through the four Southern states fall in the Bay of Bengal

With so many rivers and their tributaries there should be no dearth of potable water in the country. But the truth is otherwise. Most of these rivers are so much polluted that their water does not remain worth drinking. The waste of two public sectors industries IDPL and BHEL falls in the Ganga at Rishikesh. Again at Kanpur it meets the same fate. In Bihar and Bengal it receives the effluence of a very large number of industries. Similar is the fate of Jamuna. In its 48 km round of Delhi it receives 9200 kgs of chemicals, metals and solid wastes of industries every day. The 17 big drains bringing all filth of Delhi join Jamuna. By the time it reaches Mathura the water is not even worth bathing.

The songs sung in the praise of Indian rivers carry no sense now. They cause more of disease than giving relief to the people. They have become the store of filth of the whole country. Central Government has formed Central Ganga Authority. It is trying to remove and check the pollution of the Ganga. There should actually be a Central River authority to cleanse all the rivers of the country.

Nuclear Plant Pollution Essay Topics



Power starving world took shelter under the umbrella of nuclear plants. The idea sprang from the energy released by atom bombs. It is very difficult to have a nuclear war. The people became wiser. They channeled the atomic power into energy through atomic plants little knowing that the radiation from these plants would be a hazardous- even more- as that from ultra violet rays of the sun. Man cannot gain immunity from it. The nuclear plants are good only till they do not let radioactive fumes come out .It may come at intervals affecting animal world including man and poison food too.

To remember a few-Ural mountains in Russia in 1957-58,UK in 1957,USA in 1961,Luceans Vad in Switzerland in 1969 ,Russia in 1974,USA again in 1975 and 1979,Tsuruga in Japan in1981,Buenos Aires in Argentina in1983,Oklahowa in USA in 1986,Three mile Island in USA in 1979 continuing up to 1987. Another study reported other 151 accidents in 14 countries between 1971 and 1984. A private body in USA reported 3000 accidents in Nuclear Power Projects in the USA in 1985 and 2,300 in 1984 besides 750 emergency shut downs in 1984.

Nuclear Plant Pollution Essay Topics nuclear power plant pollution problems

Nuclear Power Plant

It looks rather strange that even after so many accidents polluting the world atmosphere there are still near about 450 nuclear plants supplying electricity to 26 countries. France tops the list with 70% dependence on nuclear power. USA comes next from the bottom with 18%.The former USSR had 41 plants for its 11 % nuclear power generation.

In India there have been accidents and leakage at Tarapur exposing 3,000 workers. Madras Atomic Power Station at Kalpakkam and CANDV safety at Narora, Kakrapur, Kaiga and Nagarjunasagar plant too. Sugatha Kumari the well known Malayalam poetess and many other luminaries formed a group that came to the conclusion that “The radiation hazard was intrinsic design and constructions of all reactors were liable to routinely release radioactivity and harmful radio-nuclides.”Even after this warning the clout of Indian nuclear scientists has been making efforts to have more nuclear plants.

It is good that the movement against this most hazardous pollutant is gaining grounds in the USA and some European countries. About 600 orders for atomic reactors were cancelled. Some of the states in the USA have banned commissioning of existing plants too. In India there is no organization to investigate. The affected workers are dismissed and new ones are appointed. Let us hope that some non government organization in India too would force the government to put an end to these most hazardous pollutant projects and to have energy give importance to the plants based on sea waves, wind and sun rays that are non pollutant.

Non Conventional source of Energy Kudankulam Power Plant



Wood has been the most common source of energy since the advent of human beings on the earth. Population being thin everywhere it seemed on everlasting source. Increase in population meant occupation of land for residential houses. That is how forests started depleting and disappearing too. Ti was not simply a loss in the potential source of energy but created environmental problem too. Since 18th century coal started replacing wood and was known as black gold. But the scientists knew that as the industries grew and the population increased coal reserves may last only for a hundred or two hundred years. The discovery of petrol of course proved a boon. But as the late Shah of Iran put it the stocks may last only by the first quarter of the 21st century.

Non Conventional source of Energy Kudankulam Power Plant

Kudankulam Power Plant Tamilnadu

Nuclear or atomic energy started replacing these conventional sources of energy after the Second World War. Number of plants increased in the developed countries to an extend that by the eighties of the 20th century this too was considered as conventional source of energy. It is based on the principle of fission of a heavy atom of uranium or allied metals like plutonium that releases unlimited energy. It has two limitations. The stock of uranium is limited. Moreover the fission produces dangerously radioactive waste. Dumping of the waste is a problem.

Another big source of energy, specially in metropolitan cities is the garbage and refuse. Big tanks at okhla in New Delhi receive human excreta through drain from a particular area. It is recycled in a way to produce gas that is supplied to the nearby area for cooking. It can also be used for lighting the household. The left over after processing provide rich natural fertilizer. The city garbage in Bombay is supplied to a firm that processes it in a way ultimately changing the garbage into small coal ingots that are used in place of coal in all manufacturing concerns. There are a number of such plants in Bombay. All these unconventional sources of energy are free from environmental hazards and are economical too.

The search for still better sources of energy has been continuing.

Essay on Cause And Effects Of Noise Pollution



Heat, light, electricity, water and sound, besides a number of things are provided by nature. If the five agents of nature are under control they are rather beneficial to an individual, a society or a nation. If they are in excess and go beyond the control of man or are misused by man they pollute the environment and affect the personal and social health. Excess of heat may decompose anything. To take a simple example the burning of coal in mills and factories the chimneys belch carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide and a number of other gases that pollute the atmosphere. Even the unburnt gas released in a heating process pollutes the environment. A combination of heat and light that emanates from the sun creates radio activity if the ozone layer grows thin. Electricity generated in the clouds may fall in the shape of lightening burning forest creating pollution. Pollution through dirty water is a common aspect.

Essay on noise pollution effects

That sound too pollutes the environment may look funny to many. But it does. It may be sometimes imperceptible but no less harmful. Noise is directly related to man both in creation and experience. City roads are much affected with noise from automobiles, bands, mikes and the down town with quarrelling men and women and the elite areas with strange associations like the share market. The worse preys of noise pollution are big cities like New York, London and Shanghai that have perfect air connection with other cities. A flight a minute disturbs the whole city. Equally infected by noise are the areas by the side of a busy railway track.

The question is how sound affects human ear. It may affect even animals. Before the advent of automobiles horse carriages carried men and material. The driver won’t hit the horse .He will move the hunter in air creating sound that jarred the ears of the horse that gave a jerk to let the horse gain speed exploiting the animal through noise pollution. The excessive pitch of the noise created by the trumpeting of an elephant or the roaring of a lion pollutes the whole atmosphere of the jungle. So does the cries of an unruly husband in a house or a resident area. It is the ear that tells whether a particular noise pollutes the environment or not. Ear and sound have a direct relationship.

Essay on Cause And Effects Of Noise Pollution

Almost all the cities and towns come under noise pollution. In big cities like New York, London, Calcutta and Delhi the noisy traffic is the biggest menace. In cities like New York and the capitals of European countries the noise pollution comes from the sky too because of the high frequency of the aero planes. Some lower level noises like barking of dogs and fighting animals during night hours are also pollutants as they disturb sleep. They can be detrimental to health in the long run. The high pitch sound affects the ear drum and those who have to hear these constantly are more prone to losing their hearing capacity early as they ascend the age ladder. The constant exposure to noise deteriorates the tender parts of the mid ear. It, in the long run fails to transmit sound impulses to the inner ear. The result is inefficient responses to sound.

The most experienced pollution through speed is in the air media. That is how the thundering cloud deafens people when the thunder reaches the earth. The railway trains too leave their mark of sound all the way they travel. But the most injurious is the sound of aero planes that travel to the earth passage over which they fly. When they start travelling with a speed more than 331 m per second they cross the sound barrier making a quake like vibration in the atmosphere. Supersonic speed is about 1216 km per hour. Since the modern fast aero planes cross the speed barrier they pollute the area all the way when they fly low on cities. As the speed of the plane is more than that of sound the sound remains behind and those in planes are not affected by it.

Anyway noise pollution has been increasing in different ways with the growth of urbanization. Besides taking the environmental pollution, water pollution and the depletion of ozone layer seriously the world will have to develop a culture –sophistication in life to remove or lessen noise pollution too or half the world will be partly or totally deaf in decades to come.

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newspaper and its uses Essay Topics

Essay On Newspapers And Its Uses


Essay On Newspapers And Its Uses

Newspapers are the life line of the society. They bring the whole world to the reach of common man every morning. They also tell him about the universal happenings the worlds his world. They tell him about comet shoemaker Levy lashing against planet Jupiter. They tell him about the black-hole that can devour a number of galaxies. They tell him about a number of new found stars and their satellites. They tell him something that is new to him.

The common man is more interested in his own world, in his own continent, country, city or village. Newspapers bring man out of his narrowwell of the village and take him to the expanding cities, groups of countries like SAARC, G7, European Community, the designs of USA after the fall of USSR. They throw light on the butchering of a large number of people by fundamentalists in a number of countries specially in the Islamic world.

Besides this world of newspapers serve the purpose of awakening the conscience of man. These are cases of torturing innocent men and women in police custody, by mafias and sometimes even by political leaders. Newspapers raise their voice against these anti-human activities. Indirectly they call upon the people to oppose such acts and ask the government to act. Thus the papers have a humanitarian aspect too.

importance of newspaper essay topics

Newspapers expose the nexus between the leaders, mafias and smugglers. They exposed the designs of LTTE in Tamil Nadu and the multimillion scam in the share market and the banks. They raised their voice against the Bofors scandal and many others of the type. They actually work as sentinels for the cause of the common man.

Newspapers are not limited to political and social aspects of the society. They look to the economic problems too. They started a debate on the liberalization policy of the government. They spoke in favor of or against the multinationals who are trying to dominate the Indian trade and money market. People can form their own opinion on the basis of articles that the newspapers publish on such issues.

newspaper and its uses Essay Topics

Newspapers can make suggestions in the field of education too. They raised the issue of capitation fee for the admission of students in the private professional colleges in some of the Southern and Western States. The Supreme Court had to issue directives to these institutions.

Most of the newspapers awake health consciousness among the people. They publish news and articles on some malignant diseases like AIDS, cancer and heart troubles doctor may not advise on the basis of social and preventive medicines. Newspapers do.

Besides all these social, political, economic aspects newspapers are the greatest source of advertisement. They have developed ads, on scientific lines. Advertising has become an art today. They cater to the needs of the government as well as the business community. In this age of T.V they are still the most important part of the media.



Essay on my Likes and Dislikes



I can’t pretend to be a great idealist or moralist. Thus I like a number of sources of enjoyment- Yes pictures are there. I would lie to enjoy programmes on TV and sometimes of radio too. But I would not like to sit at the idiot box all the time. There are good pictures; I have no liking for the pictures having too much display of sex and violence. There are some good serials and U.G.C programmes on the TV set. I like them. News on the TV is just reflection of His Master’s Voice –praise of government programmes. I have no liking for this propaganda of plans on paper only. They don’t recreate me. They bore me.

Essay on my Likes and Dislikes

I have a liking for poems written by great romantic poets like Keats, Shelley and Wordsworth. I have a liking for the modern couplets too. Materialism is all around us. So I want to be in a land of fancy with birds, rivers, seaside, the little babe, the blue sky, the green fields and the snow clad mountains. I wish to have their close company. As it is not always possible I take resort to the beautiful poems. I like to identify myself with many romantic characters of good plays and poems. I may not like to be a leech gatherer but I have liked him. I like some great tragic heroes like Hamlet and King Lear. Ah! I couldn’t be with them.

I have rather a dislike for a person who talks much about himself. A teacher shifting to his autobiographical pieces has never inspired me. Being my teacher, I just don’t want to use the word dislike for him. But I can use it for my friends and class-mates. I don’t like the people who suffer from sense of superiority complex. Naturally I don’t like a large number of leaders and Ministers who would sing songs of their praise.

I have no liking for a large number of so called religious dignitaries who make their Ashrams, Mosques or Church their fiefdom and exploit the people.

I, of course, dislike the fanatic and fundamentalists who have been killing innocent people anywhere in the world. It is just a pity that they kill people in India, in the region I like the most-the valley below the snow clad Himalayan peaks. I will have to be satisfied with standing at Kanyakumari looking at the Sun diving in the confluence of three oceans and bow to the grace of the Almighty.

Essay writing topics on an ideal teacher best speech topics for high school students



I live in a world if starvation. I have friends all around me-all beggars. They are starving in a world that is full of knowledge. But the toast of knowledge is not passed on to the hungry student. An ideal teacher would make the toast wholesome with latest innovations and place it on the plate of inquisitiveness of the students. The teacher of my fancy would not pass on morsels of stale knowledge to the students. He would rather offer something new-something fresh- something full of fragrance.

Notes of different categories are now available in the market- the market of cheap second hand knowledge. If one chooses to have this stuff one can have it from the education hawker at the street corner. An ideal teacher won’t recommend this cheap stuff. He will also not dictate such cheap notes to the young students to cram and go through the examination. An ideal teacher has full faith in the intelligence of the young girls and boys. He would arouse their passion for knowledge and would satisfy it by explaining things. He would substantiate everything with a number of examples. He would let knowledge flow like a transparent stream. One has just to have a dip to be fresh.

Essay writing topics on an ideal teacher best speech topics for high school students

Double standard is the greatest vice of the modern age. One says something and does just the opposite. It is a world of hypocrites. My ideal teacher is truth and simplicity personified. His apparent personality and inner self are one and the same. He has no aspirations to amass wealth through tuitions and other unfair means. He is an embodiment of idealism. It is his knowledge backed by simplicity that makes him popular among the students. He places an ideal of self sacrifice and helping nature before the students.

My ideal teacher is not a library himself. But he is always in the orchard of books and knowledge. He picks up flowers and fruits for himself and his hungry students. He guides them to realm of knowledge. By imparting true knowledge he grows his own stature and that of his dear boys. He transforms them into personalities that keep the nation young and the society rich with immortal culture of the nation. He is a candle that shows path to the young boys through the dark lanes of life by its flame. Like a candle he burns and sacrifices himself to smoothen the path of others.

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