MAHATMA GANDHI, THE FATHER OF THE NATION
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 in a devout, well-to-do Vaish family of Gujarat. His father was the Dewan of the State of Rajkot. His mother was a pious Hindu lady of orthodox views.
Young Gandhi grew up in a simple way as the Aggarwal family abstained from taking meat, fish, eggs, onion, garlic’s and so many other things that give a hit to the blood and enhance circulation of blood.
At an early age, he was sent to a school. Though he had no extraordinary academic career, yet he passed each and every examination. After passing his matriculation examination, he was sent to England to study law. But before he left for England, he was married to young Kasturba. In England, he studied hard and passed Bar-at-Law examination and returned home. Here, he started his practice at first in the home State, then in Bombay and lastly went over to South Africa to plead a case. Hence forward he stayed there practicing law. He was sensitive by nature. He had self respect, love and adoration for his motherland. When he saw that Indians settled in South Africa were not treated with respect, he started National Congress there and began to fight for the rights of Indians. Here, at many occasions, he was manhandled and insulted but did not give up his endeavours to win some privileges for the Indians.
From South Africa, Gandhiji returned to India and became an active member of the Indian National Congress. With the coming of Mahatma Gandhi, Congress became much popular with the Indian masses. New zeal and new spirit was injected in the Congress and its followings grew immensely. One after the other movements was started by Mahatma Gandhi and many times he was sent to jail. Imprisonment and torture inflicted could not cow down the zeal and awakening.
When the Britishers felt that they could not hold the national uprising in India they freed it on 15th August 1947. But the Britishers gave a blow to our country and divided it into two sovereign independent countries – India and Pakistan.
When the Indian Muslims were forced by the public to quit the country and migrate to Pakistan, Mahatma Gandhi started hunger strike unto death.
The hunger strike had its desired effect but one day in the evening prayer, Mahatma Gandhi was shot dead by Nathu Ram Godse. The whole nation plunged into grief and mourning was held for many days. Men like Gandhi are immortal. They live in their deeds. His memory will live so long as India and the world live.