(ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES)
Alexander Graham Bell, the famous U.S. inventor invented the telephone in 1876. Now-a-days, telephone has become a ‘must’ for most of the people. Life, these days, is fast and busy. A telephone serves us like an honest servant in all the fields. It saves our valuable time and energy to a great extent apart from many of its good uses.
At small places a telephone invites enmity and unfriendliness in your neighbourhood. The neighbours want to use the telephone for their benefit and you have to pay the bill. Some of the neighbours are so frank and free that they give your number to their relatives and friends. If you fail to call the neighbour at an odd hour when the phone rings for him, he will become angry and sweetness of neighbourhood would change into bitterness. They fail to observe your discomfort.
You have to call your neighbours even if it is an odd hour or else they will have ill-will against you. If you attend to all the calls of your neighbours, your peace will be shattered.
It has been observed that the telephone bell rings at odd hours, when you are in your bath, in bed or eating lunch or dinner etc. only to be told that you are a wrong number.
But a telephone is a great advantage to a businessman, or to a doctor. A businessman attends to his business on telephone. The entire sale and purchase can be done on the telephone. For a doctor it is very useful to attend on his patients without losing time.
In big cities a telephone has its own utility. You may call police if there is some need for them. If there is a telephone in the school you can talk to the Principal or teachers to get any information. Messages to distant places can be conveyed in no time. Railway booking, calling a taxi from the taxi-stand—all can be done on the telephone.
If there is a telephone in your house, you’re Principal or teachers find it easy to contact your parents. Your parents also can take information from your teachers about you. Thus a telephone is both a blessing and a curse. The last 15 to 20 years have witnessed a revolutionary progress in the field of telephone. The old dial type telephone apparatus gave way to the pushbutton telephone then the cordless telephone and finally to the mobile telephone, small enough to fit in a shirt-pocket. Whereas the black dial type telephone stayed with us for ages, now there is practically a new model of the mobile telephone launched every month by some manufacturer or the other with added features.
With cell phone, one can not only receive and make call to one’s family and friends but can also take picture with a built-in camera or listen to music from a built-in radio or send text and picture messages to friends, while one is out of the homes on the road, in a bus train or an aeroplane and even in another city or country. Mobile telephony has been the engine of growth and penetration of telecom in India. The mobile phones are definitely going to outnumber the fixed line telephone in the coming days. India has the poorest mobile phone tariffs in the world. Today even the poorest of the poor can afford a mobile phone-says S.P. Shukla, President Wireless products and Services. We can get a cell phone connection over the counter and it is pocket friendly.