A dark image bumps out of the television set every morning- the glory image of the biggest democracy of the world. India has already 45th position in the comity of nations so far as economic status is concerned. Adding the Australia to the population graph is not creditable. It adds as many mouths to be fed- as many bodies to be clothed. Education, most of them would have no access to when they are grown up. There is already a flood of illiterate young men and women. A child being born before the second needle takes a full round in the clock may lead the nation to a world of hunger, strife, slums, inequalities- an unimaginable disaster. Family planning is the only way out to save the nation from the final calamity.
The population in the world is bursting at the seams. It was 4 billion in 1975. According to a report of the United Nations Funds for population activities reached, 5, 48 billion mark in1992 and six million by 1998. There will be an average addition of 97 million every year in the last decade of the millennium. All of this population growth is expected to be in Africa, Asia and Latin America.
UNFPA has projected three time tables of population growth by 2150. According to medium projection it will be 9.4 billion in 2050, 10.8 billion in 2150. It is on the pattern of optimum growth and will be possible if people take a firm decision and practice family planning. The most optimistic assumption is the low projection calculation of 8.5 billion by 2050. It will begin to fall after that. But the high projection growth is horrifying.
According to a report of International Labor Organization 8.1% people in developed countries had no jobs in1993. Germany was expected to have 11.3 per cent jobless people, France 12.0% and Britain 10.4 %. Unemployment is highest among unskilled workers and immigrants. Developing countries where there is no check on population have been facing the problem gravely. Half of the population of these countries is both illiterate and absolute poor.
The population growth has resulted in a wide gap between the earnings of the rich and the poor resulting in disparities of economic and social status. People have been migrating to big cities where industries are concentrated. It has resulted in thousands of slums in these cities. Slum culture results in flesh trade. A large number of girls are lured to the red area. Infant mortality has been increasing. Because of more population more land is acquired for residential purpose and agriculture. It results in denudation of forests causing environmental and ecological disaster.
The only way out is to check the growth of population. Long back Malthus had recommended celibacy for the purpose. But it is not possible to practice it in modern world. A large number of methods are available for temporary and short term checks.