Preservation of Forests – Essay Writing

Preservation of Forests

Forests are important national and natural resources of a country. They play a significant role in the economy of a nation. They form an important part of the wealth of a country. The area under forests in India is about 1.5 lakh hectares, which accounts for about 22.1 percent of the total area of the country.

Preservation of forests is of utmost importance due to various reasons. Forests influence climate. They attract rain and preserve moisture. The leaves of trees always give off moisture and this cools the surrounding atmosphere. When moisture-laden winds blow over the forest, the moisture they carry is condensed and forms clouds, and these dissolve in rain. Rainfall is very heavy in the forests of the mountain slopes and valleys. As a result, many rivers originate from the forests. Forests on hill sides do much to prevent destructive floods. The roots of the trees hold the soil firmly and thus soil erosion is prevented.

Forests give us timber, fodder, bamboos for producing papers, medicinal plants, wax, honey and fruits. They also provide raw materials for the development of industries. Coal deposits are abundant in ancient forests. Forests are the abode of wild animals and rare birds. They are also places of tourist attraction, pilgrimage and hermitage. Forests preserve ecological balance. Clearing of forests will result in soil erosion, flood and drought.

But it is sad to say that forest wealth is misused in our country.   Forests are destroyed for selfish purposes and also in the name of development. Men clear the forests for cultivation, mining and for the construction of dams, without proper planning. Wild animals are killed mercilessly. Many of them are on the verge of extinction. Clearing of forests without proper planning will lead to ecological imbalance. It will result in drought, soil erosion and flood and in the long ran it will arrest the economic progress of the nation.

Forests play very a important role in the growth, development and sustenance of humanity. The planting and preservation of forests is therefore a matter of great importance.

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