SPEECH ON CRUELTY TO ANIMALS
‘Bigger fish eats the smaller one’ – quite a natural phenomenon. That is how nature keeps the balance in the world of animals .The fish eats the other fish or a tiger eats its prey is killing instantaneously – the game is over within minutes. So does the whole world of non vegetarian world of human beings. One animal satisfies the immediate need of hunger of the other. Neither the animal nor the man resorts to torture. They just kill and consume – may not be of course to the liking of many who would worship and feed monkeys and cows. But torturing animals’ foe the so called safety of human beings is rather horrible and hateful.
In the late eighties an Indian was demonstrating the skill of his bear in ‘Festival of India’ in Germany. Members of a humanist group caught hold of the man and he was sent back to India. It was not the skill of the animal but the brute torture meted to him that compelled the bear to demonstrate. It was a case of slow torture throughout the life of the bear. If there is fierce atomic invasion it may finish the whole life in no time. Even if there is pain it would be for a fraction of a second .But the atomic plants have created a horror in the world. The leakage of radioactive substance at intervals in the 400 odd such plants have crippled the crores of people. A large number suffers from cancer and other pain giving ailments. That is what man has been doing to animals – testing so many things on them for long periods.
The experiments on animals were conducted in developed countries. They imported a large number of animals from India and other backward countries. India banned the export of these animals in 1978. The multinationals responsible for such activities started moving their laboratories to India. Many of them gave the work to their associates in this country. a large number of small pharmaceutical firms offered their service to these laboratories . They established their own laboratories for performing the experiments and selling the results. It may be unbelievable – these are backed by University Grants Commission, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research and the Indian Council of Medical Research. Strange enough the government that put the ban to the export of animals for such experiments sanctioned Rs. 4.35 crore in the Fifth and Seventh Plans for the same.
Primates i.e. animals having similarity to man are worse affected. To observe the behavior surgery is done on spinal nerves in the neck and thorax of rats for the study of treatment of pain. Experiments are done to cut the head of a monkey to be fixed on the neck of another. To test the amount of squeezing a skull the head of a cat is squeezed within steel plates. Heart attacks are tested on dogs. Some animals are tested for radiation effect. They are exposed to 70 degree radiation.
The most hateful experiment is of introducing human syphilis bacteria in rabbits. It has resulted in pus filled portions in the genitals of thousands of rabbits. According to animal welfare activists invitro research is effective in a large number of cases like virus vaccine production, vaccine potency testing and studying the function and make up of cell membranes. According to latest research computer stimulating programmes can be helpful in testing organ tissue and cell culture, cellular systems, salivary gland secretion and isolators and recombinators. Still the laboratories use the in vivo tests as a shortcut. Efforts have been made by many animal friend organizations to stop such in vivo tests. In India too we require a mass consciousness to stop this cruelty to animals.