Proverb Expansion TO ERR IS HUMAN, TO FORGIVE DIVINE Man is by nature weak and imperfect. He is imperfect because he is human. He is moulded in such a way that he is imperfect. To commit mistake is normal with man. Though Adam and Eve had all the pleasures of the Garden of Eden, they were tempted to eat the fruit of the forbidden tree and they ate it. This is the innate nature of a man. Often, he is too weak to resist temptation. This weakness makes him do wrong ad evil things. The history of the world is full of the record of the errors committed by man and how his wrong decisions and judgments led to many calamities. So it is natural for man to make mistakes. But it is divine to forgive. Divine quality lies in forgiveness. When someone harms us, it is natural that we want to take revenge upon him. When we take revenge upon him, we are in a way doing more harm to him. If we forgive him, we defeat the evil in him this will be an eye-opener for the wrong-doer ad e will never try to harm others later. Our act of forgiveness purifies his heart and he can... read more
Proverb Expansion TIME AND TIDE WAITS FOR NO MAN The proverb means that time once lost is lost forever. When we get a good opportunity, we must make the maximum use of it. If we cannot make use of it, it is lost forever. Time and tide has its own course. It does not wait for anyone. When the proper time for taking some action comes, we must act immediately. Once we miss it, we may never come across such an opportune moment. There is no meaning in regretting over the loss. We must not miss the tide when it is favourable. If we miss the tide, we may have to wait for a long time and that may put us to much inconvenience. Thus the proverb stresses the need to do our duty in time if a student wastes his time at school; he is missing the golden opportunity of a sound education. Only when he grows up, he would realize the loss. A farmer dries the hay when the sun shines. If he does it in rain, the hay will decay. A blacksmith strikes the iron rod and gives it the shape when it is hot. Once the rod gets cold, he cannot give it the required... read more
Proverb Expansion THE TREE IS KNOWN BY ITS FRUIT The literal meaning of the proverb is that when we taste any fruit, we come to know the basic nature of the tree. We can form an opinion about the tree merely after tasting its fruit. Similarly, a person is judges by the way he behaves. The external appearance of a person needn’t be taken into account to judge him. Actions and behavior give the actual image of a man. Actions and habits reflect the character of a man. The inward character of a person can be judged by his actions and manners. Good actions come only from a good person. One can expect only bad actions from a bad person. The kind deeds of a person show his sympathetic nature harsh actions shoe cruel nature, lively actions shows happy nature and sad mood shows cruel pessimistic nature. It is also true that we can judge a family by the behaviour of the children. Good or bad manners of the children whether the family is cultured or not. Schools and colleges can be judged by the caliber of the students whether they are disciplined or undisciplined. In the same manner, a country’s attitude towards other countries can be perceived from... read more
Proverb Expansion THE PEN IS MIGHTER THAN THE SWORD The pen helps us to record ad convey our ideas in black and white. The sword helps us to prove our might and to rule over the less mighty. In a wider sense, the pen represents intellectual or mental force whereas the sword stands for physical force; mental power is always superior to physical power. A warrior who wields a sword is destructive force, but an author who uses a pen is a constructive force. If we go through the pages of history, we come across many warriors and writers. We admire the military feats of Julius Caesar, Alexander the Great and Napoleon. But their achievements do not evoke a positive response in us. They do not inspire us in a way like the works of great authors. On the other hand, the great heroes of the pen – Homer, Kalidasa, Shakespeare, Milton and Tagore who gave the world new enlightenment and renaissance through their pen are remembered with adoration and worship. Their writings continue to inspire and influence people even after their death. The world is what it is today because people wrote and spoke about what is good and what is evil and what is to be removed... read more
Proverb Expansion THE LOGEST WAY ROUND IS THE NEAREST WAY HOME The familiar and usual way to reach our home may be long. It may take some time for us to reach home by that way. Even if it is time-consuming, we may be able to reach home without any danger. At the same time, there may be short-cuts are full of hidden dangers. We may not be able to reach home as we expect by taking a short-cut. It may take more time and energy than the familiar longest way. It is natural for people to take short-cuts to get quick success. But short-cuts often land us in difficulties. It is better to follow the familiar and usual order of doing things than to adopt an unfamiliar method that seems to be easier, in order to save time and effort. A person who chooses a short-cut to a place may come across a ferry where the ferryman is on the other side of the river, or a level crossing where the gate remains closed. He may fall down on the unfamiliar muddy ground. In the meantime, the person who started with him and chose the longest way round might have reached the place. People often do things in... read more
Proverb Expansion THE HAND THAT ROCKS THE CRADLE RULES THE WORLD The meaning of the proverb is that the influence of a mother in a person’s life is great. The mother is the first and the best teacher. It is the mother who sees the first smile on the lips of her body and she dreams of making it a permanent one. The child is with the mother always. She feeds and takes care of her child. The child learns its first lesson from the mother. Most of the child’s moral training is given by the mother. She creates permanent impressions upon the mind of the child. The impressions made on the child in his early years are not easily forgotten and have a great deal to do with the fixing of his character. Naturally, it is the mother who has the greatest influence on the child. The influence of a person’s mother is the strongest and the most permanent in life. The mother influences the child even before its birth. All these contribute to the whole personality of a person. What children do in the world as men and women is largely determined by what their mothers did for them when they were small. Thus the mother indirectly... read more
Proverb Expansion THE EARLY BIRD CATCHES THE WORM The statement advises us to act in time. Te bird that rises earlier than the other birds goes in search of prey and it gets as many worms as it requires. But the bird that arrives late may not get a single worm and may have to go hungry. Similarly, a person who is late in doing his duties may not get the desired results. When we postpone our duties or acts, we lose the opportunities of success. We should work hard, and in time. If we are lazy, we will not attain success. When we try to work hard at a later stage, it may be is of no use. So, we should be careful in life from the beginning. Life is full of competition. Those who come first will win. We should remember the fact that there are other people who start everything early and they naturally get the best and the earliest benefits. Those who delay in their actions are always the losers. This proverb is a good piece of advice to those who get late or do not act promptly.
Proverb Expansion THE CHILD IS THE FATHER OF THE MAN This statement is found in Wordsworth’s poem ‘The Rainbow’. It means that the child is superior to the adult because the child is nearer to God. The proverb can be explained from point of view. A person’s childhood is an indicator of his manhood. The childhood experience of a person is the measuring rod of what he would be when reaches manhood. A child is quick to learn things, good or bad. Whatever it learns, will remain with it even when it reaches adulthood. The period of childhood is the most impressionable in life of a man. The mental, moral and spiritual qualities present in a person were inculcated in him during his childhood. The childhood experiences shape the character of a person. Anything that the child learns or acquires in that period has a far –reaching consequence in his career. If a child is insulted for doing a thing, the feeling of the insulted will remain with him even when he reaches manhood. He will not do that same thing even if it is needed because of his childhood experience. Good things learned and done during childhood will help people to earn fame and name in future. Shivaji’s... read more
Proverb Expansion THE BEST FISH SWIMS NEAR THE BOTTOM It is easy to catch the fish that swims near the surface of a river, sea etc. The fish caught from the surface is of low quality and less value. But the best kind of fish swims near the bottom. It is difficult to catch it. But once he catches it, it may be of great value to him. The pain taken to catch such a fish is always worthwhile. Similarly, the most precious gems are found at the bottom of the oceans. But if a person manages to get one, he will get a good fortune. The pains taken to get such gems are amply rewarded. Getting something free or without trouble gives little mental satisfaction. But, if we get a good result from the true hard work, it will give us much mental satisfaction. We can feel proud of it too. In general, people are not ready to do hard work to achieve good results in life. They are reluctant to spend their time and energy on any endeavour. Most of them look out for shortcuts which require only less labour and effort. But they may not get a good result. Only true hard work will bring the... read more
Proverb Expansion SWEET ARE THE USES OF ADVERSITY Adversity means danger or misfortune. The proverb means that adversity has any many advantages. Some people get weakened when they face adversity. They will lose courage and self-confidence. They also curse God when misfortunes come to them. To them, adversity is a tragedy. This is not right attitude. Adversity has its own its benefits. The uses of adversity are sweet as well as useful and educative, as the individual concerned comes out to be more hardy and courageous. He battles against heavy old and wins smashing victories. We can learn good lessons from adversity. Adversity is good teacher. Rana Pratap Singh, Babar, Humayun, and Robert Bruce learned great lessons during the period of their adversity and become wiser and victorious. When misfortune comes to us, we should calmly try to understand similar misfortunes in future. Moreover, adversity urges us to overcome the difficulties of life with courage. Most of the great men of the world belonged to the lower strata of the society. But the lessons they learned during the struggle for existence or from their misfortunes helped them to attain high position in life. Adversity gives us the qualities of courage, patience, tolerance, and wisdom. So, it can be correctly... read more
Proverb Expansion IF YOU WOULD HAVE PEACE, PREPARE FOR WAR An unarmed person or nation can be an easy prey to any enemy that is armed and ready to fight. In the present state of the world a nation cannot be safe if it relies for its safety solely on the honour and good will of other nation. One has only to remember how India, which instead of arming herself, had relied entirely on the friendliness and honour of China, was attacked and humiliated by that treacherous nation in 1962. So it is perfectly true that only a nation that is well armed and ready to resist and repel aggression can enjoy peace and security.
Proverb Expansion A ROLLING STONE GATHERS NO MOSS A “rolling stone”, in this old proverb, represents a man who is always changing his occupations and pursuits, and never settles down steadily to any work. A stone that is constantly rolling cannot gather any moss. In the same way a fickle, unstable person, who does not work steadily and earnestly at some chosen job, cannot hope to achieve success in life.
Proverb Expansion SPEECH IS SILVER BUT SILENCE IS GOLDEN Oratory is an art. A person with an oratorical skill can attract people to his side. He can even reach positions in life using his skill. It is a pleasure to listen people speaking well on good things. A person having mastery of a particular subject or topic can impress his listeners with his oratorical skill. People manage to achieve a lot by speaking cleverly. But great care is to be taken while speak. We should speak only when it is necessary. When we speak, the words we choose must suit the occasion. We should speak to the point, leaving unnecessary details. Unwise words and hasty utterances do a lot of harm. When it is not necessary to speak, we should remain silent. This is the sign of wise man. He talks only when it is needed. He doesn’t blab. That is why it is said that silence is golden. When a wise man speaks, he chooses and uses the apt words. He limits his speech to the minimum. He knows when to speak and when not to. He cannot be assessed by his listeners because he does not speak out everything that is in his mind. A wise man... read more
Proverb Expansion SLOW AND STEADY WINS THE RACE This is a well-known proverb which stresses the importance of perseverance. We can achieve great things only by perseverance. The man who is in a hurry is likely to commit mistakes and is likely to fail. If we wish to succeed, we should work calmly and patiently. In a long race, it is the man who runs with single-minded attention that wins. The man who runs in a hurry is likely to get tired soon and may not win the race. This is clearly illustrated by the famous fable of the victory. He was confident of reaching the goal and even despised the tortoise for moving slowly. He slept under a tree for some time. The slow but steady tortoise continued his race and reached the finishing point much before the hare. The tortoise won the race because he worked steadily and patiently. The fable teaches us that steady hard work will help us to win even the impossible. There are certain things in our lives which we may think are very difficult to achieve. But if we work slowly and steadily with a firm determination, certainly we will be able to win them sooner or later. Similarly, the student who... read more
Proverb Expansion SELF-HELP IS THE BEST HELP Every person wishes to lead a happy life. Some people work very hard and earn a living. As a result they prosper in life and become happy. They helped themselves to prosper by their hard work. But there are certain people who are lazy and do not want to work hard. At the same time, these people also want to be prosperous and happy. These people want others to work for them. If we are hard-working, others will help us in our needs. They will be only happy to help us and we don’t have to be ashamed of asking help from others too. But if we are lazy, others will never care for us. They will blame us and laugh at us for being lazy. The question here is whether we are ready to help ourselves before trying to get help from others. If we are ready, we will win the love and sympathy of others. We will become prosperous and happy then. So, work hard, do our duties and thus help ourselves. Thus, it can be correctly said that self-help is the best help.