Proverb Expansion ROME WAS NOT BUILT IN A DAY This is an apt proverb for those who hope for instant success. But it is true that a great achievement always requires persistent effort and planning. The statement is meant to emphasize that no achievement worth the name can be attained overnight. Rome was the capital of the ancient Roman Empire. It was a big city with many facilities. Several hundreds of people had to work hard for a long time to make Rome a reality. It took centuries and ages to build great nations, empires and civilizations. Every great achievement can be acquired only very slowly. A civilization, a society, a culture, art and architecture take even centuries to develop and reach perfection. It also requires imagination, firmness of purpose and hard labour to reach perfection. Great patience and perseverance are required for every great enterprise. We cannot reach the highest rung of the ladder without first having to climb the lowermost. No great scholar, author, soldier, scientist or statesman has ever achieved fame, name and perfection overnight. Even in nature, we find a slow and long-drawn-out process of evolution. Huge buildings, masterpieces of art and architecture- the Pyramids of Egypt and monuments like the Taj Mahal and the... read more
Proverb Expansion READING IS TO MIND, WHAT EXERCISE IS TO THE BODY Reading is the best recreation to the mind. Happy is the man who has the habit of reading. He has secured a life-long source of pleasure, instruction and inspiration. So long as he has the company of books, he never feels lonely. He has always a pleasant use of his leisure. He is the possessor of a wealth more precious than gold. Poor indeed is the man who doesn’t cultivate the habit of reading, and empty is his life. Reading lifts us out of our worries and fears and gives us good recreation. Regular exercise is needed to build up healthy body. The same is the case with the mind. The best exercise to the mind is reading. If body-building requires daily exercise, training of the mind requires regular reading. When we read the masterpieces by great authors, our thinking widens and we acquire a lot of knowledge. Light reading and serious reading are essential. Reading gives to the mind a new ideas, new thoughts, new knowledge, and above all, happiness. Reading makes a full man. For the proper growth and training of one’s mind, reading is very important.
Proverb Expansion PROSPERITY GAINS FRIENDS, ADVERSITY TESTS THEM A man in power, a man who has influence in the society or a wealthy man will always have a number of people around him. In other words, a man who is in prosperity will have plenty of friends around him. Some of them may be his real friends whereas many others are there with him to get some favour from him. Those false friends will be with him only as long as he has wealth, power and influence. When some misfortune occurs to him, all those who had acted as his friends will desert him. Such people are selfish and are not real friends. A real friend will be with him in joys and sorrows. A real friend will not desert him even when he has lost his position, power or wealth. As a real friend, he will try to help his unfortunate friend to overcome his trouble. Thus riches and prosperity attracts friends whereas adversity drives them away. Fallen leaders and retired officers might have learned this truth. When they had power, position and influence, they were surrounded by a large number of claiming friends. Most of those claiming friends remained with them to get some privilege. When those... read more
Proverb Expansion PROCASTINATION IS THE THIEF OF TIME Procastination means postponement of action. It is natural for us to put of some item of work. We do not then realize that we are wasting our time. Time is very precious. It won’t wait for us. It must not be wasted. Nor must it be allowed to go waste. So it is said that procrastination is the thief of time. If we do an activity at the apt time, we will get benefit out of it. If we postpone that work to a later date, we will not get the desired result. We must do our work as it becomes necessary. Every person should be aware of this fact. Children have a tendency to put off their work. They usually do not study anything till the eve of the examinations. At last when the examinations come, they have a lot to study, but no time to do it. Procastination has another ill-effect also. When there is not enough time left to do a piece of work, we usually hurry to finish it. When we do work in a hurry, we make mistakes. So, never put off till tomorrow what may be done today. There is no time like the present.
Proverb Expansion PERSEVERANCE IS THE KEY TO SUCCESS OR PERSEVERANCE IS THE VERY HINGE OF ALL VIRTUES Perseverance means constant effort to achieve something. It is the best of all human virtues because it is the key to success. We can succeed in life with perseverance, steadfastness and determination. Perseverance implies a discipline of mind and body, constant effort, self-restraint and self-sacrifice. Human life on earth is full of hardships and misfortunes. As soon as we overcome one hardship, a new one appears. If we have perseverance, we can overcome any number of difficulties and attain success. But when we lose heart at the sight of obstacles, we cannot succeed. We shouldn’t grumble when a new difficulty arises. We should rather accept that challenge. If we have perseverance, we can take the risk of solving the difficulties. Great men in every country have persevered to attain success in life. Tensing could conquer Mount Everest because he had perseverance. Abraham Lincoln rose from very poor circumstances to become the President of U.S.A. The secret behind his success was nothing but perseverance. Nothing can defeat a man who is prepared to fight with perseverance and determination. So it is said that perseverance is the key to success.
Proverb Expansion PRIDE GOES BEFORE A FALL Pride here means to have too high an opinion of oneself, one’s position and possession. Pride makes a person think that he is superior to others. Our achievements in life are due to our pains and hard work. But we should never be proud of accomplishments in life. Whenever pride begins to act, there begins our adversity. A proud man will have little consideration for others and treats others with contempt. He who has pride will finally suffer defeat or meet with a shameful end. When a proud man meets with a bad end, others will have no sympathy for him. History is full of examples of powerful monarchs who came to ruin as a result of their proud nature. King John of England met with a shameful end due to his proud and overbearing nature. The vanity of the French emperors and the Russian Czars brought about their downfall. As we attain high positions in life, we should become more and more humble. There lies our true worth. A proud man should be aware of the reality that a day will come when the happiness and comfort given by pride will give way to the pain of humiliation. In short,... read more
Proverb Expansion PREVENTION IS BETTER THAN CURE Prevention is better than cure because it is more effective, less troublesome and less costly than cure. It is better to take precaution against the happening of a thing than to have to take remedial measures after it has caused damage. If precaution is not taken, a slight illness might develop into a chronic disorder. People take medicines when they are ill. Though the person gets cured, his body gets weaker and a lot of money, time and energy is wasted. Most diseases can be avoided by cultivating healthy habits. Cleanliness, nutritious food, physical exercises and preventive vaccinations can keep one’s body immune to the attack of diseases. Even if there are all kinds of medicines for all types of diseases, it is not safe to fall ill. A disease may weaken the patient, disable him or even kill him. Moreover, medical treatment is not free, but expensive. A wise man takes all possible care to avoid mistakes. It is because he knows that correcting a mistake made is not easy. But many people do not care about this and fall victims to mistakes. Similarly, it is always better to prevent the outbreak of a war than to try to repair the... read more
Proverb Expansion PRACTICE MAKES MAN PERFECT The proverb stresses the importance of continuous practice to learn anything. There is no short-cut to get mastery in a trade, art or sport. Only rigorous practice will make a person perfect in any field of activity. Mere knowledge of a thing is not enough to acquire mastery in it. One has to practice it to have mastery over it. Perfection can be achieved only through practice. We may know a rule in physics or mathematics. But we can have perfection in the subject only when we practice similar examples again and again. A mechanic learns his art through continuous practice. A person working on computer, a painter, artist, a sportsman, all gain perfection through practice. Mere theoretical knowledge of a subject is not enough for mastery in that subject. Continuous practice using theoretical knowledge makes a man perfect in his field of activity. A child learns things through practice. A musician needs strenuous practice to gain perfection in music. A sportsman gains perfection through constant practice. Thus it can be aptly concluded that practice makes a man perfect
Proverb Expansion PATRIOTISM IS NOT ENOUGH Patriotism is the love of one’s country. It is a great virtue. We should love our country and be prepared to make any sacrifice for the welfare of our nation. It is the duty of every citizen to serve his nation to the best of his ability. Besides being citizens of our country, we are also human beings and we belong to the human race. Just as we serve our country, we have a responsibility to work for the welfare of humanity. Patriotism limits our loyalties to our own country and this may sometimes be harmful to the larger interests of humanity. Human rights were denied to the colonial people during the period of colonization. Even today, we find big powers trying to asset their supremacy over small countries in the name of patriotism and denying the basic necessities of life to the small countries. This is false patriotism. So all the nations and national leaders of the world should see to it that the interests of humanity are not sacrificed for the sake of narrow patriotism. We should be loyal to our country. At the same time, we should give importance to the noble act of service to mankind as a whole. ... read more
Proverb Expansion The literal meaning of the proverb is that the food that is agreeable to one many may not be agreeable with other man. The hidden meaning of this statement is that what is beneficial to one person is harmful to another, what is liked by one person is disliked by another. This is because views, interests and attitudes vary from man to man, from place to place and from country to country. People vary in their needs and tastes. What is luxury for one may be necessity for another. For example, there are some people who are fond of liquors whereas there are many others who have a violent dislike for them. If a backward country not knowing the art of handling an atom bomb were to buy from a developed country, it would be inviting its own disaster. The atom bomb may be meat to a developed country, but poison to a backward country. A country with surplus man power is advised to prefer small-scale industries for industrial progress, while a country lacking man power is advised to prefer machines. Machines may be meat for an under-populated country and poison for over-populated country. What one likes and loves very much may be disliked and hated by... read more
Proverb Expansion This is the age of competition. One cannot achieve anything bi simply sitting idle. One has to work hard and channelize his talents in the right direction through persistent effort to overcome the difficulties and to achieve his goal. In other words, one should be prepared to take risk to attain success. A person who neglects hard work and risk cannot gain anything in life. To achieve success, one has should give up many comforts and undergo many hardships. A person fired with ambition works hard while others sleep. If prophets like Buddha, Jesus and Mohammed were not ready to take risk, the world would never have been lifted near to God by their great teachings. They were happy to face persecution and lose all for what they believed to be the truth. The courage of Dr.Simpson and his friends to try the effects of chloroform on themselves led to its success. From this dangerous experiment came the invention of the anaesthetic that enables surgeons to perform operation safely. Hard work, willingness to take risk and adventurous spirit will surely help a businessman. Any man who wants to win fame, wealth, power or position must be prepared to take risks. Timid, hesitating and over-caution persons will not... read more
Proverb Expansion ‘Nothing succeeds like success’ means that one success leads to another success. One has to struggle hard to achieve success. But once it is achieved, it will be followed by success in other cases too. Success and failure are the two sides of the same coin. Success is followed by success and failure is followed by failure. This is true in most cases. A cine artist may not be able to gain popularity with his first film. But once one of his films happens to be hit, he gains much popularity. This popularity makes the people see his next film and it will turn out to be a hit, too. Thus success in one film leads to success in another. This is true of failure also. If the film of a popular cine artist happens to be flop, the succeeding ones will also have the same fate. The painting of an artist is widely appreciated by the public and lovers of art. It is natural that his painting will also get wide appreciation even if it is not as good as the previous one. The outstanding fact about success is that it can easily make success follow it.
Proverb Expansion The proverb means that we cannot achieve success in life without effort and sacrifice. Success can be won only at the cost of hard work. In other words, nothing can be achieved by sitting still. It is very essential to have an ambition in our lives. But just having an ambition is not enough. A person should also work hard to achieve his ambition. Only by shedding sweat, can one attain success in life. The lives of great men reveal that no one can achieve greatness overnight without necessary effort. There is no doubt that if a person makes vigorous and adequate efforts, he is sure to achieve his aim in life sooner or later. Those who neglect hard work and effort earn nothing. The great men of the world were ready to do hard work and were prepared to undergo suffering. They are held in high esteem today. A student can never become scholar unless he works hard, denies himself ease and pleasure, and devotes himself to books. No idler has ever achieved fame as a scholar. In business, success certainly depends very largely on hard work –on taking pains. The men who have made fortunes have all been hard workers. This is true of character-building... read more
Proverb Expansion The proverb advises us not to borrow anything from others. It also tells us to keep away from lending things to others. When we give a loan to a friend, we lose the loan as well as the friend. Both borrowing and lending are undesirable qualities. We should try to live within our means. A borrower sells himself into the hands of a money-lender. The borrower is a slave to the lender. Borrowing upsets our economic balance and we develop the habit of borrowing again and spending beyond our means. We will then be living in the clutches of debt. So we should avoid borrowing as far as possible. As far as lending is concerned, often it turns friends into enemies. When we give a loan to our friend, he may not sometimes give it back. When we lend money and things to others, we are losing friends. Most often things lent to others are not returned. Thus we lose wealth and friends. So the sensible and wise thing is never to be a borrower or a lender.
Proverb Expansion Necessity is a compelling force which makes man does something to fulfill his needs. When a person is in dire need of a thing, he tries to get it by hook or by crook, without paying attention to rules. Necessity may even force a man to indulge in criminal deeds. He may commit a criminal deed not deliberately, but to help himself to overcome a situation. That is why it is said that necessity knows no law. A hungry man may even go to the extent of killing another person to steal the food from him. His intense desire for existence forces him to get food by fair and foul means. A man in need does not think of the rules and regulations of the society. His only desire is to get the thing by fair or foul means to meet his dire need. He does it for the existence. Even if he breaks the rule in this connection, his punishment will not be severe. This truth is recognized even by law. If a crime is committed under compelling circumstances, the criminal is not punished as severely as he would otherwise be punished. Man’s instinct for survival is a far more potent force than law. He may... read more