Short Essay on Gene Therapy

Short Essay on Gene Therapy

English_Master August 10, 2014 No Comments
GENE THERAPY With the interpretation of genetic code in 1968 by Hargobind Khorana an Indian born American scientist, for which he receive Nobel prize mere hopes were changed into real approach to gene therapy. The concept of heredity factors in all biological species came from Australian Botanist Gregor Johan Mendel in eighteen eighties. The name gene was given to these factors by Wilhelm Johannesen a Danish biologist. Later research in the field established that genes have many functions. An important one is the formation of large number of proteins. The genes, the scientists say, mastermind the whole process of life in all living creatures. Still it remained a mystery till 1953 when J.D. Watson and Francis Crick discovered the structure of Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). DNA is a complex nucleoprotein. It contains body’s 50,000 to 100,000 genes. These genes are arranged in a pattern that is unique to each individual. It is this peculiarity that makes every individual different from the other. Different genes in different parts of the body have different functions. The gene for a particular purpose is placed at a particular location in the chromosomes. Moreover, the genes play an important role of manufacturing thousands of different proteins from 20 amino acids. The genes, thus govern the...
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