English_Master August 7, 2016 No Comments
DISASTER MANAGEMENT AND RELATED PROJECTS With the tropical climate and unstable landforms, coupled with high population density, poverty, illiteracy and lack of adequate infrastructure, India is one of the most vulnerable developing countries to suffer very often from various natural disasters, namely, drought, flood, cyclone, earthquake, landslide, forest fire, hail storm, locust, volcanic eruption, etc. which strike causing a devastating impact on human life, economy and environment. Besides natural disasters, there are man-made disasters where the cause is an intentional or unintentional human act. These are fire-related disasters, road, rail or boat disasters, building collapses, terrorist attacks in the form of bomb blasts, etc. Accidents in which a large number of people are affected are called disasters. Natural Disasters Earthquake: An earthquake is a sudden movement or a fraction in the crust and the upper layer of the mantle (together called the lithosphere). This causes a series of shocks (shocks in this context means jerky movements). An earthquake may range from a mild tremor, which will only result in vibrations of the ground beneath us, to a large scale movement of the earth causing a widespread damage over a large area. Earthquakes generally occur at plate boundaries. The plates rub against each other as they move. Faults are found...
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