GENE THERAPY – PANACEA FOR ALL DISEASES: Essay

English_Master April 4, 2016 No Comments
GENE THERAPY – PANACEA FOR ALL DISEASES With the interpretation of genetic code by Hargobind Khorana an India born American scientist in 1968, for which he received Nobel Prize mere hopes were changed into a real approach to gene therapy. The con­cept of hereditary factors in all biological species came from Austrian Botanist Gregor Johan Mendel in eighteen eighties. The name genes were given to these factors by Wilhelm Johannesen, a Danish biologist. The nomenclature became firm. Later research in the field established that genes have many functions. An important one is the formation of a large number of proteins. The genes, the scientists say, mastermind the whole process of life in all living creatures. Still it was shrouded with mystery till 1953 when J. D. Watson and Francis Crick discovered the structure of Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA). DNA is a complex nucleoprotein. It contains body’s 50,000 to 100,000 genes. These genes are arranged in a pattern that is unique to each individual. It is this peculiarity that makes every individual different from the other. Different genes in different parts of the body have different func­tions. The gene for a particular trait is placed at a particular location in the chromosomes. Moreover, the genes play an important role of manu­facturing thousands...
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