Essay on INDIAN JUDICIARY

English_Master February 12, 2016 No Comments
INDIAN JUDICIARY  The Supreme Court of India is the highest court of law; the entire judicial system of the country is controlled by it. Article 124 of the Constitution provides for the establishment and the composition of the Supreme Court. Articles 131 to 140 deal with the powers of the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court of India has three kinds of jurisdiction (i) Original jurisdiction   (ii) Appellate jurisdiction (iii) Advisory jurisdiction Under Article 131 of the Constitution, the Supreme Court has original jurisdiction in any dispute arising between Union and one or more States and between two or more states. Such a dispute should, however, involve some question of law or fact on which the existence or extent of legal rights depends. It has also got original jurisdiction in cases relating to violation of fundamental rights. Under Article 133 and 134, an appeal may lie to the Supreme Court in any Civil or criminal proceedings of a High Court. The advisory function of the Supreme Court is also very important. If there arises any ambiguity regarding the interpretation of a clause of the Constitution or certain constitutional problem arises, the President can refer the same to the Supreme Court for its expert opinion. The Supreme Court of India is...
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