English_Master March 5, 2016 No Comments
 IRAQ AFTER SADDAM US goals are for a unified, democratic, and federal Iraq that can sustain, govern, and defend it and is an ally in the global war on Islamic militancy. The formal political transition from the Saddam regime to representative government was largely completed, but tensions remained among the dominant Shiite Arabs, Sunni Arabs that have been displaced from their former perch in Iraqi politics, and the Kurds who fear renewed oppression by all of Iraq’s Arabs. There are also substantial schisms within these communities. After the fall of the regime, the United States set up an occupation structure, believing that immediate sovereignty would favour established anti-Saddam factions and not necessarily produce democracy. The administration initially tasked Lt Gen Jay Garner (ret) to direct reconstruction with a staff of US Government personnel to administer Iraq’s ministries; they deployed in April, 2003. He headed the Office of Reconstruction and Humanitarian Assistance (ORHA), under the Department of Defence (DOD), created by a January 20, 2003, Executive Order. Garner and aides began trying to establish a representative successor regime by organizing a meeting in Nassiriyah (April 15, 2003) of about 100 Iraqis of varying views and ethnicities. A subsequent meeting of over 250 notables, held in Baghdad April 26, 2003, agreed...
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