English_Master March 24, 2016 No Comments
MARCH OF CIVILIZATION In this era of the steam engine, motor car, electric locomotive and aeroplane, it may be hard even to think how difficult it was to travel two hundred years ago. In India, bullock carts bumped and carriages often sank as the axles got buried in mud, trying to negotiate a narrow side-track. In winter, the country roads were almost impassable. People who drove in carriages often lost their way in the dark in the absence of proper roads. Travelling in stage-coaches was uncomfortable and slow. When better coaches were built, attempts were made to improve roads. Turnpike gates were established at various points on the prominent roads, and a toll was collected from coaches and carts. The income from the toll was spent on repairing roads. As travelling by stage-coaches grew popular, men began to think of improved ways and means of making and maintaining roads. A very clever blind man, John Metcalfe, popularized a new method of road construction. Two others, Macadam and Telford, improved on Metcalfe’s method. By 1815, most of the high roads in England had been metal led. These roads helped the coaches to travel faster than they were able to do twenty years before. While good and strong roads were being...
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