MAULANA ABUL KALAM AZAD: Essay

English_Master March 10, 2016 No Comments
MAULANA ABUL KALAM AZAD Maulana Abul Kalam Azad ranks together with Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru as one of the foremost leaders of the Indian National Movement. An erudite scholar of Islamic theology, he had a strong intellectual bent of mind and an inborn flair for literary writing. Making his debut on the Indian political scene as a young journalist with strong Pan-Islamist views, Azad grew over the years into a front-rank Indian nationalist who steered the destiny of the Indian National Congress as its President twice, first in 1923 and from 1940 to 1946 subsequently. Born in 1888, Firoz Bakht (of exalted destiny), commonly called Muhiyuddin Ahmad, was only two years old, when his father Maulana Khairuddin, settled at Calcutta and became famous there as a spiritual guide. Till in his teens, Muhiyuddin used the pseudonym Abul Kalam Azad acquired a high reputation for his writings on religion and literature in the standard Urdu journals of that time. Azad attained most of his education from his father. He did not go to any Madrasah or school, nor did he attend any modern western educational institution. Learning at home, he completed the traditional course of higher Islamic education at sixteen. At the same time he was exposed to the...
read more