English_Master February 16, 2016 No Comments
POLIO ERADICATION A CHALLENGE After a fifteen-year effort that has galvanized more than 200 countries, 20 million volunteers and an international investment of US $ 3 billion, the success or failure of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative, the world’s largest public health campaign was within reach. Never before has the world been so close to success, with only six countries remaining polio-endemic. The goal of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative is to ensure that no child will ever again know the crippling effects of polio. There is no cure for polio, but the disease can be prevented by immunization with polio vaccine. Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV) was developed in 1961 by Br Albert Sabin; OPV is a highly effective, safe and inexpensive vaccine and has been used in all countries of the world to achieve polio eradication. Along with all 192 member nations of the World Health Organization, the Government of India in 1988 committed the nation to the goal of global polio eradication. Since 1995, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India has been conducting intensive immunization and surveillance activities aimed at the complete elimination of pullovers and paralytic polio. The National Polio Surveillance Project, which was launched in 1997, provides technical and logistic assistance...
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