English_Master June 6, 2016 No Comments
POLLUTION: NEED FOR ENVIRONMENTAL CONSCIOUSNESS The unsustainable life styles and consumption patterns of the industrialized countries have led to the worst environmental degradation. As far back as in 1992, Earth Summit at Rio de Janiero highlighted the facts adding that poverty is the main setback in controlling and reforming of the environmental pollution for the poor and developing countries. It called for a global partnership for environmental protection. Agenda 21 adopted at Reo de janiero addressed the pressing problems of the day with over 2500 recommendations for action in social and economic areas, such as combating poverty, changing patterns of production and consumption, conserving and managing natural resources, protecting the atmosphere, oceans and bio-diversity preventing deforestation and protecting sustainable agriculture. The major problems of the environment are recognized as global climatic change, ozone depletion, water and air pollutions, deforestation and resources degradation. 23 billion tones of carbon dioxide are released in the air by burning fossil fuels causing Greenhouse effect. The Greenhouse gases are mainly contributed by the industrialized nations. By the middle of 21st century, earth’s temperature at present level of heat emission would go up by one to three degree Celsius and the sea level would rise between 30 to 100 centimeters. India has witnessed alarming environmental...
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