English_Master December 31, 2015 No Comments
POPULATION EXPLOSION Population growth has created a number of problems in the world; in 1830 world population was about 1000 million. It rose to 2000 million in 1930. But within 44 years it rose to 3700 million in 1974. Since then it has not looked back. With 2.5 per cent increase per year it is expected to double every 30 years in India. Of course the developed European countries have reached a stage of Zero growth. But the backward countries have not made a head way in this direction. Some of them like Sudan and Ethiopia have a phenomenal rise of 4.5%. They were the lands of the dead in 1985. India has not lagged behind in this cursed growth. With 2.4% of the land area it has. 15% population of the world, Russia with 51/2 times the area of India has only 6.5% of the world population. In 1941 the population of undivided India was 318.5 million. With a growth rate of 2.4% the population of India alone on Feb. 26, 1998 was more than 96 crores. With this rate it may cross 120 crores mark by the end of the century while China with 1.08% growth may be only 112 crores. This alarming growth of population in...
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English_Master October 11, 2015 No Comments
POPULATION EXPLOSION Population of country is known as ‘Human Resources’. It is well-known fact that the strength of a country depends, besides other things, on the size of its population. Population of a country may be less or more or equal as per the capacity of the country. If it is more than the capacity be known as over-population. On the contrary, if the size of the population is less than the desired level, it would be known as under population. Optimum population is the size of the population, the per capita income of which is the highest. The size of the population is known every ten years, that is through census. Birth-rate and death–rate determine the state of population increases or decreases in a country. High birth-rate is not desirable because it results in the over population. Hence, it should be checked. In India, there is high birth-rate through better medical and health services the death-rate has come down considerably. It has resulted in a population explosion. Population explosion is the main cause of poverty ad so many other problems are created like illiteracy, unemployment and pollution etc. Now emphasis is being given on family planning. Besides reducing birth-rate it will provide better opportunities to children. Government is...
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