English_Master July 11, 2016 No Comments
THE STRUGGLE FOR SWARAJ: ATTAINMENT OF INDEPENDENCE The foundation of Indian National Movement was laid by Surendernath Banerjee with the formation of Indian Association at Calcutta in 1876. The aim of the Association was to represent the views of the educated middle class, inspire the Indian community to take a living interest in public affairs and teach the value of united action. Then Indian National Congress was founded in 1885 with the help of A. 0. Hume, a retired officer. First session of Indian National Congress was held in Bombay in December 1885 under the presidentship of W.C. Bannerjee and was attended among others by Dada bhai Noroji and Badruddin Tayyabji. The second session of the Congress was held at Calcutta in 1886 under the presidentship of Dada Bhai Noroji. Soon the congress attracted a galaxy of leaders such as Firoz Shah Mehta, Romesh Chandra Dutt, Gopal Krishna Gokhle and Anand Mohan Bose. The Congress demanded that the Legislative Council be given more powers the members of the councils should be elected representative of the people. That Indians should be recruited to the higher posts, that the civil services examinations should be held in India that economic policies of Indian Government should be modified to facilitate the growth of...
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