Persuasive Essay Topics on History and Development of Computers

Short Essay on History of COMPUTER

Born in the USA in 1931. Computer has come of age. For years it was monopolized by IBMC USA. It was justifying its name it was originally a calculating gadget. As it grew in age the electric circuits and transistors underwent sophisticated formations. The calculators were left for small manufacturers. They dwarfed themselves to the size of a playing card or even smaller to fit in the pockets and purses of students and businessmen.

Eighties saw the fifth generation of computers performing different functions. They store information as the human brain does. Like human brain they manipulate, compare and come to decisions. While human brain may take a long time a computer meant for a purpose comes to a conclusion developed jointly by IBM and Harvard University in1944. But it was in February 1946 that the world’s first generation calculator called ENIAC came into existence. It could perform 5000 additions per second. The modern computer is billions of times faster and decisive than human brain. Now computers can be classified as main frame, mini and micro computers.

We have trained and specialized in different trades. So have we computers meant for different purposes. One may approach the Astrological Computer; feed it with the qualities and qualifications of the boy and the girl. Within a second it will let one know if the marriage would be successful or not. There are computers that would compose hundreds of pages of a book in a day. Big industrialists and business firms keep their accounts and secrets in computers. Super computers are installed in banks would allow a customer to draw money from any branch in the city or region.

The more sophisticated a man is the more prone is he to diseases. It is true about computers too. In the beginning of the Eighties Pakistan interfered with the border communication system of Indian Forces manned by computers. The Indian soldiers received strange orders and were confused. The USA communication system was infected by computer virus in later eighties. Someone fed one of the computers with strange things that disturbed the whole system and destroyed the labor of billions of man hours.

India, in many cities, has installed computerized reservation system. In Delhi four stations have been interlinked. We are going to interlink many important cities for Railway Reservation. In eighties India installed a Super Computer acquired from USA to interlink all the odd 500 district places of the country with Delhi. Let us be cautious about the virus. By 1988 the fastest Super Computer was manufactured by a US firm, it produced 2.7 billion operations per second. In nineties HNSX  a combination of a Japanese firm and one of the USA delivered another super computer ‘Crey3’ which is expected to perform 16  billion operations per second. USA has an eye on a super computer it expects to bring about in the new country. It is aimed at a capability of producing a trillion operations per second.

The most popular computer is the PC computer. It is a micro computer consisting System, Unit, the keyboard and Visual Display unit. It is accompanied by a printer too. It has a keyboard like a typewriter plus the alpha numeric characters. The latest IBM PC has 121 keys on the keyboard which is connected to the system unit of micro computers via a coiled cable. Backed by Internet computer has developed a global electronic community of millions of interconnected computer networks.

Let us wish and hope they are not infested by virus and are not used foe destructive purposes.

Speech on Impact of Globalisation On Indian Economy

Impact of Globalisation On Indian Economy

The invasion of multinational companies is a great challenge to the Indian entrepreneur. He is in a fix. He has praised the government policy. By liberalizing different spheres the government would lose its hold over the public sector. If this loss making nationalized sector loses its importance it will fall like the house of cards. The Indian industrialist is trying to seek an opportunity. As soon as the government is obliged to dispose of the assets of nationalized concerns Indian Companies would like to purchase them. The industrialist may be allowed to start their own concerns in competition with the nationalized ones. It has already been done in the supply of LPG in certain areas. It is our duty, as Indians to back these Indian enterprises so that the MNCs may not have a hold over our economy.

It is rather unfortunate that the Indian producer in the Cottage industry sector is losing ground. Under the liberalization policy the government has allowed the Multi-national companies to start their production or business. Now they are allowed to have 100% investment. They do not require the Indian investment. It means the whole profit goes to them. The MNCs have identified the areas in which they can have immediate profits. Quick food, cold drinks and ground species have been chosen by some of them. One can find all these in the market. These are the things that are manufactured in the cottage industries sector. These small manufacturers cannot compete with the big foreign concerns. It may result in the monopoly of the MNCs in these consumer goods. It is our duty to purchase the consumer goods manufactured at the local level. As Indians we should give preference to things made in India.

When the Britishers came to India they sought the permission of Indian rulers to start their business in India. In due course of time they monopolized all trade and business under East India Company. They went a step further and ruled India for more than two centuries. History is repeating.  Now a number of countries are trying to control the industrial, agricultural and financial spheres. If we allow them a free hand they will have their small economic empires in this country. Indians will be reduced to the state of second rate citizens in their own country. We should be careful about it and should not give free hand to them.

The foreigners, together with their business, bring their cultural influence too. They advertise their goods with pornographic models. An attraction to these is quite natural. The government is not able to check them. Some of the employees of these industries deal in drug trafficking as well. They also manufacture English wines. More breweries are going to be started. It is rather a great attack on Indian culture. It results in the exploitation of women on a larger scale as they shown as models in advertisements in half naked poses. By giving preference to foreign manufactured goods we spoil our industries, our freedom and our culture too. To be a good Indian we should buy Indian goods.

Persuasive Essay Topics Speech on AUTOMOBILE POLLUTION

Persuasive Essay Topics Speech on AUTOMOBILE POLLUTION

Before 1970 air and water pollution were considered serious problems. Noise and nuclear pollutions were added to these too – and ozone too. The smog that reduced the visibility in Malaysia and Mexico City and later the smog that engulfed the Los Angeles Valley in California in 1970 compelled the world to rise from the slumber. This photochemical smog was caused by the automobiles emitting different gases. Formerly only carbon dioxide was considered as the culprit. Carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons and nitrogen oxides were added to the list. Scientifically it was proved that the problem was severe as the sum of these three pollutants can create havoc. That is what we are observing throughout the world as automobiles are considered the most convenient source of travel.

In 1999 the numbers of vehicles in India were estimated at 35 million. It was expected to be 53 million by the end of 2000.3.6 million vehicles are produced per year. The older vehicles emit more gases. This damage can hardly be rectified. In a few decades India may become not only a super vehicular country in the world but a super vehicle polluted country too.

We have generally been talking about the levels and density of air pollution by different gases in India. No attempts were made to calculate the economic costs. A recent study by the World Bank officials reveals that damage to environment costs our country about 10 billion dollars every year.   Urban air pollution affects the peoples’ health to the extent of $ 2.1 billion.  Soil degradation costs agricultural output to $2.3 billion. Health is already a problem in India that is yet a developing country. Because of growing population the people suffer from more infectious diseases. 80 to 90 % of all cancers are because of environmental hazards.

Looking to the fate of people in developing countries California has taken strict action about the manufacture of non polluting engines, Ultra Light Emission vehicles and zero emission vehicles. In India toot he vehicle manufacturers are improving their engine designs. Oil companies too are improving in the fuel and are supplying low sulphur diesel and unleaded petrol. The Supreme Court too has passed interim orders that vehicle owners shall conform to Euro I norms and Euro II norms. Thus in the National Capital Region from May 1, 1999 registration was restricted to 250 diesel and 1250 petrol Euro I vehicles a month. Later on no vehicle will be registered if the vehicle does not conform to Euro II norms. Euro I regulate emission in Europe in terms of weight of pollutants expelled every kilometer. Euro II means a shift from the carburetor to the multi- point fuel injections in piston rings, wiring harness and engine design. In India it would cost an extra Rs. 30,000 to Rs.50, 000 per four wheeler. Almost all the states are making efforts in this direction and the manufacturers are cooperating. Naturally, the problem is to be tackled scientifically with the cooperation of the authorities, oil companies, automobile manufacturers, transport industry and the society. We have to save the coming generations from this ever increasing pollution.

Speech on AN IDEAL FAMILY – Persuasive Essay Topics

Persuasive Essay Topics on ‘AN IDEAL FAMILY’

Because of the influence of European civilization joint family system has been looked down upon by the educated elite in India. The younger group in the society is fast growing materialistic and considers the old moral values as stale and unhealthy. Materialism brings in the natural phenomenon of selfishness. In the male dominated society the greatest casualty is women. It is rather strange that although generation gap is more prominent in India yet in tormenting women folk the two generations join hands. It all distorts the amiable atmosphere of a family.

In European countries women, after centuries of exploitation have started playing a different role. As “the institution of marriage is on the decline and divorce on the increase” a large number of women in Europe have started living alone. They avoid matrimony. They feel that they can have the responsibility of motherhood alone –even outside marriage. Single motherhood is replacing two parent families. Births without marriage show that many couples reject the traditional values. They live together, have children but do not believe in nuptial ties.

By now it was the male who dominated the society. But now women have taken to wings. Having children is a natural course for women. But having husbands is not necessary. The girls would like to have freedom of their own. They have fewer children, but start a family later in their late twenties. The women have started asserting that “it takes two to run a happy family. It is the turn of men now to realize their emotional responsibility to the family as well.” Apparently it all seems breaking the chains the women were tied with. They have a right to breathe fresh healthy air.

Families have been breaking because of severe assault by war, political conflict, haphazard industrial strategies, rapid urbanization, crime, violence, and government policies that pay little heed to integrity of families. The view of the UN is that “by forging links between communities’ families deepen understanding”. According to a former Secretary General of UN “ In the change and confusion of the modern world families can help bridge ethnic and political divide….by creating a wide pool of human and financial resources families encourage economic progress. And by caring for family members and learning positive social behavior together social welfare is encouraged.”

After this frank acceptance of the role of family in the social, economic and political field we, in India, should revitalize the institution of family in this country. Instead of aping the west we should guide them that family does not enhance only the social, economic and political growth, it is moral forces too. Running a family requires the essential spirit of cooperation, perseverance and tolerance. The Indian family system can prove a flashing ray of hope in the devastating world culture that is shrouded by sex, violence and disintegration. Let the world realize that the disintegration of family has given rise to a free sex society that is fast falling in the jaws of AIDS. The dragon may swallow the whole human life. India too has fallen a prey to it. Let us fall back upon the traditional moral values of a family life.

Persuasive Essay Topics on AIR POLLUTION Cause and Effects

Persuasive Essay Topics on AIR POLLUTION Cause and Effects

Scientific development in developed countries has gone as fast as population growth in underdeveloped countries. The two factors are equally responsible for pollution of different kinds. Increase in production means increase in factories, mills, petro chemical set ups and huge industrial complexes. Almost all these belch out smoke that pollutes the air inside the complex and of the neighboring area. Many factories manufacture deadly chemicals and fertilizers. The worst tragedy in the chemical industry took place in Bhopal in 1984. 45 tones of Methyl Isocynate (MIC) flew out of the Union Carbide Factory. The air was so polluted that 2500 people died the very day. Lakhs of people within an area of 40 km suffered from ailments of eyes, throat and lungs. Many such cases in small factories where only a few people are affected are never reported.

With the increase in population we require more sources of transport. By 1994 more than 2 crore auto vehicles were registered in the country. Delhi was expected to have near about 25 lakh. In Delhi the 21st century begins with about 1 crore. These scooters, mopeds, cars, buses, and trucks increase the quantity of sulphur dioxide, other oxides, hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide in the atmosphere in cities and the villages around the highways. Bombay, Pune and Ahmadabad in the west, Calcutta in the east, Jaipur, Kanpur, Luck now and Delhi in the North, Madras, Bangalore and Hyderabad in the South and Nagpur in the central part of the country are the most polluted cities where the air pollution is between 47 and 871 tones a day.

Meat processing is also responsible for air pollution. An average American’s yearly meat processing requires burning 190 liters of petrol. It has been realized that many such processing activities are a part of life in developed countries. They consume more of petrol and diesel. The developed countries are now in a position to shift dirty industries to third world countries. India is a target for it adopted the liberalization policy.

The air polluted by the smokers- both in rural and urban areas. Efforts have been made by the government and Non government Organizations to stop this nuisance. But it has not been taken up a serious problem. People are seen smoking even in the Air conditioned compartments. It requires a consciousness among the people that even passive smoking i.e. remaining in the company of those who smoke is injurious for health.

A summit was held at Rio de Janeiro in Brazil in1992. It was attended by 178 countries. The participants realized the gravity of the problem. The 27 point Rio declaration was backed by all the countries. The Summit gave an opportunity to all the countries to start thinking in this direction. It has made people conscious of the forthcoming tragedy if they do not pay attention to this calamity.

Some people think that road transport is responsible for air pollution the most. Either the automobiles should have perfect appliances that don’t pollute air or the very dependence on petrol and diesel should be left. It does not mean that we should go back to the mule age. But we can replace petrol derivatives with batteries or solar plants.