Persuasive Essay Topics Speech on AUTOMOBILE POLLUTION

Persuasive Essay Topics Speech on AUTOMOBILE POLLUTION

Before 1970 air and water pollution were considered serious problems. Noise and nuclear pollutions were added to these too – and ozone too. The smog that reduced the visibility in Malaysia and Mexico City and later the smog that engulfed the Los Angeles Valley in California in 1970 compelled the world to rise from the slumber. This photochemical smog was caused by the automobiles emitting different gases. Formerly only carbon dioxide was considered as the culprit. Carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons and nitrogen oxides were added to the list. Scientifically it was proved that the problem was severe as the sum of these three pollutants can create havoc. That is what we are observing throughout the world as automobiles are considered the most convenient source of travel.

In 1999 the numbers of vehicles in India were estimated at 35 million. It was expected to be 53 million by the end of 2000.3.6 million vehicles are produced per year. The older vehicles emit more gases. This damage can hardly be rectified. In a few decades India may become not only a super vehicular country in the world but a super vehicle polluted country too.

We have generally been talking about the levels and density of air pollution by different gases in India. No attempts were made to calculate the economic costs. A recent study by the World Bank officials reveals that damage to environment costs our country about 10 billion dollars every year.   Urban air pollution affects the peoples’ health to the extent of $ 2.1 billion.  Soil degradation costs agricultural output to $2.3 billion. Health is already a problem in India that is yet a developing country. Because of growing population the people suffer from more infectious diseases. 80 to 90 % of all cancers are because of environmental hazards.

Looking to the fate of people in developing countries California has taken strict action about the manufacture of non polluting engines, Ultra Light Emission vehicles and zero emission vehicles. In India toot he vehicle manufacturers are improving their engine designs. Oil companies too are improving in the fuel and are supplying low sulphur diesel and unleaded petrol. The Supreme Court too has passed interim orders that vehicle owners shall conform to Euro I norms and Euro II norms. Thus in the National Capital Region from May 1, 1999 registration was restricted to 250 diesel and 1250 petrol Euro I vehicles a month. Later on no vehicle will be registered if the vehicle does not conform to Euro II norms. Euro I regulate emission in Europe in terms of weight of pollutants expelled every kilometer. Euro II means a shift from the carburetor to the multi- point fuel injections in piston rings, wiring harness and engine design. In India it would cost an extra Rs. 30,000 to Rs.50, 000 per four wheeler. Almost all the states are making efforts in this direction and the manufacturers are cooperating. Naturally, the problem is to be tackled scientifically with the cooperation of the authorities, oil companies, automobile manufacturers, transport industry and the society. We have to save the coming generations from this ever increasing pollution.

Speech on AN IDEAL FAMILY – Persuasive Essay Topics

Persuasive Essay Topics on ‘AN IDEAL FAMILY’

Because of the influence of European civilization joint family system has been looked down upon by the educated elite in India. The younger group in the society is fast growing materialistic and considers the old moral values as stale and unhealthy. Materialism brings in the natural phenomenon of selfishness. In the male dominated society the greatest casualty is women. It is rather strange that although generation gap is more prominent in India yet in tormenting women folk the two generations join hands. It all distorts the amiable atmosphere of a family.

In European countries women, after centuries of exploitation have started playing a different role. As “the institution of marriage is on the decline and divorce on the increase” a large number of women in Europe have started living alone. They avoid matrimony. They feel that they can have the responsibility of motherhood alone –even outside marriage. Single motherhood is replacing two parent families. Births without marriage show that many couples reject the traditional values. They live together, have children but do not believe in nuptial ties.

By now it was the male who dominated the society. But now women have taken to wings. Having children is a natural course for women. But having husbands is not necessary. The girls would like to have freedom of their own. They have fewer children, but start a family later in their late twenties. The women have started asserting that “it takes two to run a happy family. It is the turn of men now to realize their emotional responsibility to the family as well.” Apparently it all seems breaking the chains the women were tied with. They have a right to breathe fresh healthy air.

Families have been breaking because of severe assault by war, political conflict, haphazard industrial strategies, rapid urbanization, crime, violence, and government policies that pay little heed to integrity of families. The view of the UN is that “by forging links between communities’ families deepen understanding”. According to a former Secretary General of UN “ In the change and confusion of the modern world families can help bridge ethnic and political divide….by creating a wide pool of human and financial resources families encourage economic progress. And by caring for family members and learning positive social behavior together social welfare is encouraged.”

After this frank acceptance of the role of family in the social, economic and political field we, in India, should revitalize the institution of family in this country. Instead of aping the west we should guide them that family does not enhance only the social, economic and political growth, it is moral forces too. Running a family requires the essential spirit of cooperation, perseverance and tolerance. The Indian family system can prove a flashing ray of hope in the devastating world culture that is shrouded by sex, violence and disintegration. Let the world realize that the disintegration of family has given rise to a free sex society that is fast falling in the jaws of AIDS. The dragon may swallow the whole human life. India too has fallen a prey to it. Let us fall back upon the traditional moral values of a family life.

Persuasive Essay Topics on AIR POLLUTION Cause and Effects

Persuasive Essay Topics on AIR POLLUTION Cause and Effects

Scientific development in developed countries has gone as fast as population growth in underdeveloped countries. The two factors are equally responsible for pollution of different kinds. Increase in production means increase in factories, mills, petro chemical set ups and huge industrial complexes. Almost all these belch out smoke that pollutes the air inside the complex and of the neighboring area. Many factories manufacture deadly chemicals and fertilizers. The worst tragedy in the chemical industry took place in Bhopal in 1984. 45 tones of Methyl Isocynate (MIC) flew out of the Union Carbide Factory. The air was so polluted that 2500 people died the very day. Lakhs of people within an area of 40 km suffered from ailments of eyes, throat and lungs. Many such cases in small factories where only a few people are affected are never reported.

With the increase in population we require more sources of transport. By 1994 more than 2 crore auto vehicles were registered in the country. Delhi was expected to have near about 25 lakh. In Delhi the 21st century begins with about 1 crore. These scooters, mopeds, cars, buses, and trucks increase the quantity of sulphur dioxide, other oxides, hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide in the atmosphere in cities and the villages around the highways. Bombay, Pune and Ahmadabad in the west, Calcutta in the east, Jaipur, Kanpur, Luck now and Delhi in the North, Madras, Bangalore and Hyderabad in the South and Nagpur in the central part of the country are the most polluted cities where the air pollution is between 47 and 871 tones a day.

Meat processing is also responsible for air pollution. An average American’s yearly meat processing requires burning 190 liters of petrol. It has been realized that many such processing activities are a part of life in developed countries. They consume more of petrol and diesel. The developed countries are now in a position to shift dirty industries to third world countries. India is a target for it adopted the liberalization policy.

The air polluted by the smokers- both in rural and urban areas. Efforts have been made by the government and Non government Organizations to stop this nuisance. But it has not been taken up a serious problem. People are seen smoking even in the Air conditioned compartments. It requires a consciousness among the people that even passive smoking i.e. remaining in the company of those who smoke is injurious for health.

A summit was held at Rio de Janeiro in Brazil in1992. It was attended by 178 countries. The participants realized the gravity of the problem. The 27 point Rio declaration was backed by all the countries. The Summit gave an opportunity to all the countries to start thinking in this direction. It has made people conscious of the forthcoming tragedy if they do not pay attention to this calamity.

Some people think that road transport is responsible for air pollution the most. Either the automobiles should have perfect appliances that don’t pollute air or the very dependence on petrol and diesel should be left. It does not mean that we should go back to the mule age. But we can replace petrol derivatives with batteries or solar plants.

Persuasive Essay Writing On ABUSE OF INDIAN CHILD

Persuasive Essay Writing On ABUSE OF INDIAN CHILD

There has been open abuse of children in a number of ways in India. Girls in early teens in Hyderabad and Kerala are married to Sheikhs from Arab countries. It went to such an extent that the Waqf Board had to ask the Moulvis to bring such pending marriages to the notice of the board before solemnizing them. The abuse of girls on the border of Maharashtra and Karnataka where girl child is offered to the temple of goddess Yellamma as Devadasi is nothing less than throwing her to the flesh market. The harassment of both male and female child in the bonded labor market is well known. Both are sexually assaulted by the employer and contractor. Same is the story of girls in the tribal belt where the child is a prey for the forest employees, contractors and even government servants.

The condition of children is worse in city slums, footpath dwellings and Indian Jails. They are sexually exploited by the slum dadas-even neighbors in the slums and on foot paths in metropolitan cities. Since there are not many juvenile jails in India most of the child convicts are kept in regular jails. Sexual abuse is a regular feature. Hard core convicts and jail staff satisfy their sexual lust on these children. Eighties saw a new type of child abuse. There was a spree of child adoption by foreigners from developed countries on humanitarian grounds. In due course it was also found that in many cases these children had to work as household servants. Where can one find such a cheap commodity? In some cases it was also found that the children became sexual targets of their adopters. Government of India and the Mission of charity had to put many restrictions on this adopting business.

Nineties began with the most ignoble type of abuse. Even child abuse has taken a sophisticated turn in this age of sophistication. One can have or transmit the most sophisticated knowledge on latest inventions and technology across the world in milliseconds through Cyberspace and internet-information systems. There are a large number of files on the computer based bulletin board information system. It is in operation in all developed countries. A farmer, a scientist or a musician, even a housewife can secure information from a file in the bulletin network on the computer and can have its printout on a laser writer or any other printer one has access to. It is just like having a photocopy as you have of a reservation ticket or a computerized article.

This useful and most beneficial system has been now used for the satisfaction of the basest pleasure- the sexual vision and perception not indulgence of course. Paedophiles have introduced their own files in these bulletins. If a number of the files is known any one can have the meanest enjoyment of child pornography on their sets and can acquire the prints too. There is a network of paedophiles in the under developed countries. They would take the photographs or films of children who have been forced to indulge in sex with other children or even adults. These are transmitted to the bulletin files. This abuse was formerly arranged with small children in Sri Lanka. Beautiful beaches there are the happy hunting grounds for western paedophiles. The same has been done by these mean people in Thailand Philippines. Now it is the turn of India on a very large scale.

The biggest centre of these activities is Copenhagen, a beautiful port in Denmark. There pornography is legal. There are checks only on sexual abuse below age of consent. The age of consent is 15. Thus pornographic pictures and films of children of Denmark above 15 are not illegal. But in the case of children of undeveloped countries there are no norms. Their pornographic pictures are shown and enjoyed openly. The moral malady is expected to spread in other European countries too. India being a poor country anyone can be exploited here. Poor Indian children are easy prey to the evil designs of the paedophiles. When and how they manage to have the pornographic materials is yet to be traced. The government does not seem inclined to do anything in this respect in the modern atmosphere of liberalisation.

Persuasive Essay Writing on A WEEKLY MARKET DAY

Persuasive Essay Writing on A WEEKLY MARKET DAY

Don’t rush. Drive slow. See the baby crossing the road, cried my sister. The driver slowed down the jeep. We were on the highway from Ranchi to Raigarh. But now at Patratoli the highway was overflowing with human beings of all ages- men, women, old and young –little children running on the road as if it was the courtyard of their house; and little babies trying to jump out of the laps of their mothers. I had seen weekly markets at different places. But the one at Patratoli- about half a kilometer long –as is a big regular market had come down to the roadside to be at the reach of the Vanvasis.

Toys and toys and toys- all indigenous toys of wood, paper machine bamboo and even of stones. A three-wheel walkie for the kid to learn walking-a bird that would whirl in the atmosphere on a string- small wood toys- a whole platoon of soldiers with guns, a complete bands for the occasion of the marriage of your doll. The whole transport system- buses, trains, jeeps, cars, aeroplanes, ships and boats all are there to suit everyone’s pocket. At a little distance you will find an enthusiastic young man exhibiting some mechanized toys too. A three bogie Calcutta Express moves fast on a railway track. All would enjoy the show. But the prices are prohibitive. They would buy the wooden ones only.

Turn to the left in the middle of the roadside market. You have a sub market, but a big one vegetables and vegetables- cheap as well as costly. People buy them for a week- for they’ll have them next Thursday only. What about cooking media. Don’t worry. There’s another small market of about 30 shops- all temporary ones. You’ll have oil, vegetable ghee, and refined oil-no desi ghee. Who will purchase these more than hundred rupees a kilo in this area? But pulses, rice, gram, peas- all are available.

Don’t get disheartened if you are a non-vegetarian. Mutton is there. But the most hankered after is the poultry- a lot of it- a bit prohibitive for the poor. But then they can have fish- most of them are small frying variety brought by the tribal themselves from their village ponds. The trade of mahua too is among the tribal only- some selling- others purchasing.

Snacks! – Of course you can have these too. There is a row of sweet meat sellers. Of course, one can have sophisticated biscuits and toffee for children once in a while. Fruits may be considered a rare thing. But bananas and mangoes are there in small baskets and carts.

You can have rest under a tree where free water is available before going for the ready-made clothes. Three-fourth of the market is occupied by these cloth merchants of all shades. Yes you can have a sari for your mother or sister. See that young man purchasing a fantastic one for his newlywed partner. You can have lunges and underwear of all shades and colors- no, no, no sophistication here- all bright and fast colors.

Require utensils! Available in plenty- brass, copper, stainless steel and many in plastic too. Crockery too is there. But make haste for the evening is approaching. The vendors have already started winding their business- putting the things back in the boxes. Within half an hour the road will be left bare for your jeep to rush to your destination.