Child labour is the human right issue for the entire world. It is a grave and wide spread social problem. Many children under the age of 14 years in different part of the country do several activities to feed self and family. Child labour is a danger to a child’s mental, physical social, educational, emotional and spiritual development the term child labour means “working child” or “employed child” at habitual and persistent manner. It is any work done by child for earnings. It is an unpleasant term, which translates in to child misuse and cruelty according to sociologists, development workers, medical professionals and educationalists. This practice is considered unlawful in many countries like India. They have recognized child labour unsafe and dangerous to the child’s development needs, both mental and physical. The striking expression by William Wolds Worth, “Child is the father of man” reminds us the position of child in a society. So it becomes urgent for the health of a nation to protect its children from premature labour, which is harmful to their overall developments. It is immediately essential to save children from fatal rule of social injustice and educational deprivation and ensure that they give the opportunities for healthy, standard and happy growth.
Poverty is one of the most common reasons for the child labour. Family debt is another reason. So millions of children in India work to complement their family’s income and to education yet must work for continued existence. Many of these children go on to be employed in risky industries, hotels and domestic help though banned in these sectors.
The universal Indian feelings toward child labour, the irrelevant and often unapproachable educational system, and inefficient of protective legislation for working children, etc are the other reason for child labour in India. In order to conquer this obstacle, India must first identify that a child labour crisis exists and then tackle each of its sources separately.
To sum up, child labour is a world phenomenon. It is considered exploitative and inhuman. It is a human right issue of enormous sensitivity. So countries must consider it highly inappropriate when a child below a certain age is put to work.