Persuasive Essay Topics on History and Development of Computers

Short Essay on History of COMPUTER

Born in the USA in 1931. Computer has come of age. For years it was monopolized by IBMC USA. It was justifying its name it was originally a calculating gadget. As it grew in age the electric circuits and transistors underwent sophisticated formations. The calculators were left for small manufacturers. They dwarfed themselves to the size of a playing card or even smaller to fit in the pockets and purses of students and businessmen.

Eighties saw the fifth generation of computers performing different functions. They store information as the human brain does. Like human brain they manipulate, compare and come to decisions. While human brain may take a long time a computer meant for a purpose comes to a conclusion developed jointly by IBM and Harvard University in1944. But it was in February 1946 that the world’s first generation calculator called ENIAC came into existence. It could perform 5000 additions per second. The modern computer is billions of times faster and decisive than human brain. Now computers can be classified as main frame, mini and micro computers.

We have trained and specialized in different trades. So have we computers meant for different purposes. One may approach the Astrological Computer; feed it with the qualities and qualifications of the boy and the girl. Within a second it will let one know if the marriage would be successful or not. There are computers that would compose hundreds of pages of a book in a day. Big industrialists and business firms keep their accounts and secrets in computers. Super computers are installed in banks would allow a customer to draw money from any branch in the city or region.

The more sophisticated a man is the more prone is he to diseases. It is true about computers too. In the beginning of the Eighties Pakistan interfered with the border communication system of Indian Forces manned by computers. The Indian soldiers received strange orders and were confused. The USA communication system was infected by computer virus in later eighties. Someone fed one of the computers with strange things that disturbed the whole system and destroyed the labor of billions of man hours.

India, in many cities, has installed computerized reservation system. In Delhi four stations have been interlinked. We are going to interlink many important cities for Railway Reservation. In eighties India installed a Super Computer acquired from USA to interlink all the odd 500 district places of the country with Delhi. Let us be cautious about the virus. By 1988 the fastest Super Computer was manufactured by a US firm, it produced 2.7 billion operations per second. In nineties HNSX  a combination of a Japanese firm and one of the USA delivered another super computer ‘Crey3’ which is expected to perform 16  billion operations per second. USA has an eye on a super computer it expects to bring about in the new country. It is aimed at a capability of producing a trillion operations per second.

The most popular computer is the PC computer. It is a micro computer consisting System, Unit, the keyboard and Visual Display unit. It is accompanied by a printer too. It has a keyboard like a typewriter plus the alpha numeric characters. The latest IBM PC has 121 keys on the keyboard which is connected to the system unit of micro computers via a coiled cable. Backed by Internet computer has developed a global electronic community of millions of interconnected computer networks.

Let us wish and hope they are not infested by virus and are not used foe destructive purposes.

Speech on Impact of Globalisation On Indian Economy

Impact of Globalisation On Indian Economy

The invasion of multinational companies is a great challenge to the Indian entrepreneur. He is in a fix. He has praised the government policy. By liberalizing different spheres the government would lose its hold over the public sector. If this loss making nationalized sector loses its importance it will fall like the house of cards. The Indian industrialist is trying to seek an opportunity. As soon as the government is obliged to dispose of the assets of nationalized concerns Indian Companies would like to purchase them. The industrialist may be allowed to start their own concerns in competition with the nationalized ones. It has already been done in the supply of LPG in certain areas. It is our duty, as Indians to back these Indian enterprises so that the MNCs may not have a hold over our economy.

It is rather unfortunate that the Indian producer in the Cottage industry sector is losing ground. Under the liberalization policy the government has allowed the Multi-national companies to start their production or business. Now they are allowed to have 100% investment. They do not require the Indian investment. It means the whole profit goes to them. The MNCs have identified the areas in which they can have immediate profits. Quick food, cold drinks and ground species have been chosen by some of them. One can find all these in the market. These are the things that are manufactured in the cottage industries sector. These small manufacturers cannot compete with the big foreign concerns. It may result in the monopoly of the MNCs in these consumer goods. It is our duty to purchase the consumer goods manufactured at the local level. As Indians we should give preference to things made in India.

When the Britishers came to India they sought the permission of Indian rulers to start their business in India. In due course of time they monopolized all trade and business under East India Company. They went a step further and ruled India for more than two centuries. History is repeating.  Now a number of countries are trying to control the industrial, agricultural and financial spheres. If we allow them a free hand they will have their small economic empires in this country. Indians will be reduced to the state of second rate citizens in their own country. We should be careful about it and should not give free hand to them.

The foreigners, together with their business, bring their cultural influence too. They advertise their goods with pornographic models. An attraction to these is quite natural. The government is not able to check them. Some of the employees of these industries deal in drug trafficking as well. They also manufacture English wines. More breweries are going to be started. It is rather a great attack on Indian culture. It results in the exploitation of women on a larger scale as they shown as models in advertisements in half naked poses. By giving preference to foreign manufactured goods we spoil our industries, our freedom and our culture too. To be a good Indian we should buy Indian goods.

Persuasive Essay Topics Speech on AUTOMOBILE POLLUTION

Persuasive Essay Topics Speech on AUTOMOBILE POLLUTION

Before 1970 air and water pollution were considered serious problems. Noise and nuclear pollutions were added to these too – and ozone too. The smog that reduced the visibility in Malaysia and Mexico City and later the smog that engulfed the Los Angeles Valley in California in 1970 compelled the world to rise from the slumber. This photochemical smog was caused by the automobiles emitting different gases. Formerly only carbon dioxide was considered as the culprit. Carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons and nitrogen oxides were added to the list. Scientifically it was proved that the problem was severe as the sum of these three pollutants can create havoc. That is what we are observing throughout the world as automobiles are considered the most convenient source of travel.

In 1999 the numbers of vehicles in India were estimated at 35 million. It was expected to be 53 million by the end of 2000.3.6 million vehicles are produced per year. The older vehicles emit more gases. This damage can hardly be rectified. In a few decades India may become not only a super vehicular country in the world but a super vehicle polluted country too.

We have generally been talking about the levels and density of air pollution by different gases in India. No attempts were made to calculate the economic costs. A recent study by the World Bank officials reveals that damage to environment costs our country about 10 billion dollars every year.   Urban air pollution affects the peoples’ health to the extent of $ 2.1 billion.  Soil degradation costs agricultural output to $2.3 billion. Health is already a problem in India that is yet a developing country. Because of growing population the people suffer from more infectious diseases. 80 to 90 % of all cancers are because of environmental hazards.

Looking to the fate of people in developing countries California has taken strict action about the manufacture of non polluting engines, Ultra Light Emission vehicles and zero emission vehicles. In India toot he vehicle manufacturers are improving their engine designs. Oil companies too are improving in the fuel and are supplying low sulphur diesel and unleaded petrol. The Supreme Court too has passed interim orders that vehicle owners shall conform to Euro I norms and Euro II norms. Thus in the National Capital Region from May 1, 1999 registration was restricted to 250 diesel and 1250 petrol Euro I vehicles a month. Later on no vehicle will be registered if the vehicle does not conform to Euro II norms. Euro I regulate emission in Europe in terms of weight of pollutants expelled every kilometer. Euro II means a shift from the carburetor to the multi- point fuel injections in piston rings, wiring harness and engine design. In India it would cost an extra Rs. 30,000 to Rs.50, 000 per four wheeler. Almost all the states are making efforts in this direction and the manufacturers are cooperating. Naturally, the problem is to be tackled scientifically with the cooperation of the authorities, oil companies, automobile manufacturers, transport industry and the society. We have to save the coming generations from this ever increasing pollution.

Speech on AN IDEAL FAMILY – Persuasive Essay Topics

Persuasive Essay Topics on ‘AN IDEAL FAMILY’

Because of the influence of European civilization joint family system has been looked down upon by the educated elite in India. The younger group in the society is fast growing materialistic and considers the old moral values as stale and unhealthy. Materialism brings in the natural phenomenon of selfishness. In the male dominated society the greatest casualty is women. It is rather strange that although generation gap is more prominent in India yet in tormenting women folk the two generations join hands. It all distorts the amiable atmosphere of a family.

In European countries women, after centuries of exploitation have started playing a different role. As “the institution of marriage is on the decline and divorce on the increase” a large number of women in Europe have started living alone. They avoid matrimony. They feel that they can have the responsibility of motherhood alone –even outside marriage. Single motherhood is replacing two parent families. Births without marriage show that many couples reject the traditional values. They live together, have children but do not believe in nuptial ties.

By now it was the male who dominated the society. But now women have taken to wings. Having children is a natural course for women. But having husbands is not necessary. The girls would like to have freedom of their own. They have fewer children, but start a family later in their late twenties. The women have started asserting that “it takes two to run a happy family. It is the turn of men now to realize their emotional responsibility to the family as well.” Apparently it all seems breaking the chains the women were tied with. They have a right to breathe fresh healthy air.

Families have been breaking because of severe assault by war, political conflict, haphazard industrial strategies, rapid urbanization, crime, violence, and government policies that pay little heed to integrity of families. The view of the UN is that “by forging links between communities’ families deepen understanding”. According to a former Secretary General of UN “ In the change and confusion of the modern world families can help bridge ethnic and political divide….by creating a wide pool of human and financial resources families encourage economic progress. And by caring for family members and learning positive social behavior together social welfare is encouraged.”

After this frank acceptance of the role of family in the social, economic and political field we, in India, should revitalize the institution of family in this country. Instead of aping the west we should guide them that family does not enhance only the social, economic and political growth, it is moral forces too. Running a family requires the essential spirit of cooperation, perseverance and tolerance. The Indian family system can prove a flashing ray of hope in the devastating world culture that is shrouded by sex, violence and disintegration. Let the world realize that the disintegration of family has given rise to a free sex society that is fast falling in the jaws of AIDS. The dragon may swallow the whole human life. India too has fallen a prey to it. Let us fall back upon the traditional moral values of a family life.

Persuasive Essay Writing On ABUSE OF INDIAN CHILD

Persuasive Essay Writing On ABUSE OF INDIAN CHILD

There has been open abuse of children in a number of ways in India. Girls in early teens in Hyderabad and Kerala are married to Sheikhs from Arab countries. It went to such an extent that the Waqf Board had to ask the Moulvis to bring such pending marriages to the notice of the board before solemnizing them. The abuse of girls on the border of Maharashtra and Karnataka where girl child is offered to the temple of goddess Yellamma as Devadasi is nothing less than throwing her to the flesh market. The harassment of both male and female child in the bonded labor market is well known. Both are sexually assaulted by the employer and contractor. Same is the story of girls in the tribal belt where the child is a prey for the forest employees, contractors and even government servants.

The condition of children is worse in city slums, footpath dwellings and Indian Jails. They are sexually exploited by the slum dadas-even neighbors in the slums and on foot paths in metropolitan cities. Since there are not many juvenile jails in India most of the child convicts are kept in regular jails. Sexual abuse is a regular feature. Hard core convicts and jail staff satisfy their sexual lust on these children. Eighties saw a new type of child abuse. There was a spree of child adoption by foreigners from developed countries on humanitarian grounds. In due course it was also found that in many cases these children had to work as household servants. Where can one find such a cheap commodity? In some cases it was also found that the children became sexual targets of their adopters. Government of India and the Mission of charity had to put many restrictions on this adopting business.

Nineties began with the most ignoble type of abuse. Even child abuse has taken a sophisticated turn in this age of sophistication. One can have or transmit the most sophisticated knowledge on latest inventions and technology across the world in milliseconds through Cyberspace and internet-information systems. There are a large number of files on the computer based bulletin board information system. It is in operation in all developed countries. A farmer, a scientist or a musician, even a housewife can secure information from a file in the bulletin network on the computer and can have its printout on a laser writer or any other printer one has access to. It is just like having a photocopy as you have of a reservation ticket or a computerized article.

This useful and most beneficial system has been now used for the satisfaction of the basest pleasure- the sexual vision and perception not indulgence of course. Paedophiles have introduced their own files in these bulletins. If a number of the files is known any one can have the meanest enjoyment of child pornography on their sets and can acquire the prints too. There is a network of paedophiles in the under developed countries. They would take the photographs or films of children who have been forced to indulge in sex with other children or even adults. These are transmitted to the bulletin files. This abuse was formerly arranged with small children in Sri Lanka. Beautiful beaches there are the happy hunting grounds for western paedophiles. The same has been done by these mean people in Thailand Philippines. Now it is the turn of India on a very large scale.

The biggest centre of these activities is Copenhagen, a beautiful port in Denmark. There pornography is legal. There are checks only on sexual abuse below age of consent. The age of consent is 15. Thus pornographic pictures and films of children of Denmark above 15 are not illegal. But in the case of children of undeveloped countries there are no norms. Their pornographic pictures are shown and enjoyed openly. The moral malady is expected to spread in other European countries too. India being a poor country anyone can be exploited here. Poor Indian children are easy prey to the evil designs of the paedophiles. When and how they manage to have the pornographic materials is yet to be traced. The government does not seem inclined to do anything in this respect in the modern atmosphere of liberalisation.

Persuasive Essay Writing on A WEEKLY MARKET DAY

Persuasive Essay Writing on A WEEKLY MARKET DAY

Don’t rush. Drive slow. See the baby crossing the road, cried my sister. The driver slowed down the jeep. We were on the highway from Ranchi to Raigarh. But now at Patratoli the highway was overflowing with human beings of all ages- men, women, old and young –little children running on the road as if it was the courtyard of their house; and little babies trying to jump out of the laps of their mothers. I had seen weekly markets at different places. But the one at Patratoli- about half a kilometer long –as is a big regular market had come down to the roadside to be at the reach of the Vanvasis.

Toys and toys and toys- all indigenous toys of wood, paper machine bamboo and even of stones. A three-wheel walkie for the kid to learn walking-a bird that would whirl in the atmosphere on a string- small wood toys- a whole platoon of soldiers with guns, a complete bands for the occasion of the marriage of your doll. The whole transport system- buses, trains, jeeps, cars, aeroplanes, ships and boats all are there to suit everyone’s pocket. At a little distance you will find an enthusiastic young man exhibiting some mechanized toys too. A three bogie Calcutta Express moves fast on a railway track. All would enjoy the show. But the prices are prohibitive. They would buy the wooden ones only.

Turn to the left in the middle of the roadside market. You have a sub market, but a big one vegetables and vegetables- cheap as well as costly. People buy them for a week- for they’ll have them next Thursday only. What about cooking media. Don’t worry. There’s another small market of about 30 shops- all temporary ones. You’ll have oil, vegetable ghee, and refined oil-no desi ghee. Who will purchase these more than hundred rupees a kilo in this area? But pulses, rice, gram, peas- all are available.

Don’t get disheartened if you are a non-vegetarian. Mutton is there. But the most hankered after is the poultry- a lot of it- a bit prohibitive for the poor. But then they can have fish- most of them are small frying variety brought by the tribal themselves from their village ponds. The trade of mahua too is among the tribal only- some selling- others purchasing.

Snacks! – Of course you can have these too. There is a row of sweet meat sellers. Of course, one can have sophisticated biscuits and toffee for children once in a while. Fruits may be considered a rare thing. But bananas and mangoes are there in small baskets and carts.

You can have rest under a tree where free water is available before going for the ready-made clothes. Three-fourth of the market is occupied by these cloth merchants of all shades. Yes you can have a sari for your mother or sister. See that young man purchasing a fantastic one for his newlywed partner. You can have lunges and underwear of all shades and colors- no, no, no sophistication here- all bright and fast colors.

Require utensils! Available in plenty- brass, copper, stainless steel and many in plastic too. Crockery too is there. But make haste for the evening is approaching. The vendors have already started winding their business- putting the things back in the boxes. Within half an hour the road will be left bare for your jeep to rush to your destination.

Persuasive Speech Topics on A MORNING SCENE IN MY TOWN

Persuasive Speech Topics on A MORNING SCENE IN MY TOWN

The soul of William Wordsworth experiences bliss when he looks at London from the West minister Bridge. His lips brimming with joy move in the appreciation of

The beauty of the morning: silent, bare,

       Ships, towers, domes, theatres, and temples lie

       Open unto the fields’ and to the sky

All bright and glittering in the smokeless air.

That is what the city was to the great bard of nature on September 3, 1802. The industrial revolution had not yet made the city dirty. The poet still saw the glimpses of the nature in the flow of father Tames when at the end of the sonnet he says.

The river glided at his own sweet will:

Dear God! The very houses seem asleep;

And all that mighty heart is lying still!

That is what I too feel when from the roof of my house I look at the houses in the lanes and bye lanes – all leading to the roads. Peace and tranquility reigns supreme. The lanes look like small streams flowing to meet the river of the main road. The roads lead to the high way- they are not yet awake, the eye lids have yet to open. The dawn has all the more made them numb. The roads move in their stillness. Only a few hours later they will be crushed under the heavy feet of the mad traffic. They will themselves rush with sped.

Before the sun rises to its shining glamour let me enjoy the dreaming tenure of the cross at the church. The temple bells have started ringing. Lord Shiva is awake. The songs in his praise are moving the very soul of the people-men, women, boys and girls who just want to have a glimpse of the Lord to begin the day with a good omen.

Although there are not many pranks in my city. They come to life in the early hours. See the old couple moving slowly to enjoy fresh air. The young are in the lawns-some for brisk exercise- the others for yoga sans. Some young ladies run after the tiny kids who are running after butterflies. The birds too are awake and are twittering to the little human beings who have yet to learn how to walk. As the trees lengthen their shadows with the rising sun the park is left alone to prepare itself for its evening rush.

The street lights withdraw as the sunrays spread all over. The restaurant at the road crossing brims with life –a few minutes more and you will have a hot drink of your choice- a tea or coffee, vadas, idlis or dosha. The north Indian restaurant in the other lane offers jalebis and samosas.

It’s half past six. Half of the city is awake. Housewives are out with their kids armed with Tiffin box and water bottles waiting for the school bus or rickshaw. The young ones are more anxiously waiting for they have to bear the heavy burden of their bags and kits. They are disciplined chaps standing in a queue unlike their elders who would push one another after some hours to enter the bus for their office.

Now it’s time for me too to leave the glamour of my city where

Never did sun more beautiful steep

Never saw I, never felt, calm so deep!

Persuasive Speech Topics on ‘THE GUJARAT EARTHQUAKE’

A GREAT NATURAL CALAMITY ‘THE GUJARAT EARTHQUAKE’

Saare jahan se accha” was silenced within a moment. There was no hue and cry – just a rumbling – the earth shook violently devouring 400 girls and boys who were marching towards the Town Hall in Anjar at 8.46 to celebrate the Republic Day on 26th January 2001 – The first Republic Day of the millennium. It was a festive occasion. There was fun, enjoyment, a general sense of well being and patriotism in the town. Students led the rally with teachers from various schools happily following them. Old men, young men, women and traders waved at the rally. Within a second all perished –three generations were under the huge debris. Three storied houses fell like nine pins. There was none to save the young ones – the blooming flowers of the nation. Nature offered them a mass grave- buried them with parents of many. The whole town of anjar 50 kms from Bhuj having a population of 65,000 known for its vegetable dyes and knives was now a mass grave. No house was served from the fury of nature. The death toll was estimated not less than 25,000.Even after the fifth day at least 1,000 people lay buried under the rubble. Some who survived extricated a few living but mostly dead who were offered to the mass funeral pyres. But a large number of the dead remained under the huge pile of debris – not to be counted- not to be recognized- vanished unmourned.The commercial hub of old anjar resembled another Pompeii.

Republic Day claimed its ‘martyrs’ in Rapper too –a smaller town where 15 school children were killed when the wall of an old fort crumbled while they were on their way to a parade. The death role was comparatively low in this town of 15,000.But Bachau- a town of 35,000,as a national paper writes a macabre ‘Ardh Kumbh’.No house was saved from the cruel hands of the earthquake that shattered-no-not the hopes-but the very existence of the people. The V.H.P Amd Bharatiya Jain Sangathan were the first to offer medical and other help to the survivors who would sleep in the open as no roof could be saved from crumbling within seconds.

The picture at Bhuj, the headquarters of Kutch district was horrible. Although it is an earth quake prone area, people had taken a fancy to build multistoried buildings that gave way with the first shock. The city having a population of one lakh fifty thousand was reduced to a huge pile of dust, bricks, cement slabs and concerete.90 per cent of the buildings fell down burying a large number of people. Within a couple of days RSS activists and army jawans picked up more than 6,500 dead bodies. They were given mass cremation. But a very large number of dead bodies could be extricated from thousands of tons of debris that lay over them. Although government under estimated the number.

According to government estimate ten days after the devastating quake 16,403 people died and 68,478 were injured while 12,250 cattle died. But George Fernandes the Defense Minister who was first to take round of Kutch and Ahmadabad put the toll to one lakh. It seems a reality now. In all – 21 districts, 171 talukas and 8,792 villages were affected. In most of these at least 50 percent or more houses fell. The industrial loss in the Kutch region was quite heavy. It is the area that contributes 70 percent of the salt of the country. The production losses were 10 lakh tones. The state’s handloom and handicrafts industry found its backbone fractured. It lost a few thousand artisans. The loss to industries in Ahmadabad, Morbi and some other towns was so much that the Gujarat government sought a help of 32,000 crore from the centre. It expected to have a help of equal amount from NRIs and NGOs and the general public. The question remains can the loss of a lakh lives be compensated with money- rupees or dollars.

Persuasive speech topics on USE AND ABUSE OF LEISURE

Persuasive speech topics on USE AND ABUSE OF LEISURE

“Leisure” is the time that is free from work or other duties. It is what may be called “spare time”, which we can spend as we like. It is a time for relaxation and recreation. Leisure time can be used or abused. At one extreme, there are what are called: the leisured classes”. They dont have to do any work to maintain themselves or their families or dependents, because they have immense ancestral riches accumulated through the centuries. The aristocratic families of Europe and the princely families of India belong to this category.

At the other extreme are those unfortunate people who have to work so hard and so much that they hardly get any leisure. They are so exhausted at the end of their working hours that, whatever little free time they get. They have to utilise for their complete rest. They cannot afford to have any kind of relaxation or recreation. Most people do not belong to either of these two categories. They amy have to work many hours every day. But they do get at least some leisure time.

Among these people many abuse their leisure time, often doing much harm to them. They sit idly, smoking or drinking, or playing cards, or chatting with other people of the same ilk. Others spend all their leisure time in a giddy round of exciting amusements, attending parties or consuming liquour with their cronies in their favourite clubs or bars. Some waste hour after hour, watching silly shows or cricket matches on the TV screen. All these are sheer waste of time. Sensible people use their leisure time for “recreation” in the etymological sense of the word-to restore or create again the energies they have expanded during work, so that they may be fit for work again.

A good way to spend leisure is to engage in some interesting hobby, like gardening, or photography, or stamp-collecting, or making things like toys. Another very interesting and profitable way to spend leisure is to read books. An hour or so of leisure time can be spending enjoyably by engaging in some outdoor game, or in taking a walk through the countryside. And persons with families of their own should certainly spend some leisure time in the company of their children and other members of family.

Persuasive speech topics on TRUTHFULNESS

Persuasive speech topics on TRUTHFULNESS

 “Truthfulness” means factual accuracy, or exactitude in speech. So, a truthful person is one who never deviates from the actual details of facts when he speaks about it. In other words, he is a person who never tells a lie. The word “honesty” has awider meaning: it includes both factual accuracy in speech and trustworthiness in one’s dealings with other people. So, an honest person is one who never tells lies, never cheats, never steals. Honesty and truthfulness are virtues that ennoble a person and enhance his dignity as a human being.

Absolutely honest men are unfortunately very rare. Most people tell lies, occasionally atleast, for varios reasons.  Children tell lies to escape punishments. Criminals tell lies for the same reason. Some people tell lies for self-glorification. Many people tell lies for material advantage or financial benefit. Some people are instinctive liars, who have an inner compulsion to tell lies. A few people are kleptomaniacs who have an irresistable inner urge to steal things, though they do not need them.

The proverb, “Honesty is the best policy”, seems to suggest that the practice of honesty is aimed at material gains. The word “policy” seems to suggest expediency rather than morality, as it could mean “craftiness” or “unscrupulousness”.  But a truly honest person practises honesty because that is the morally right thing to do. In business dealings, dishonesty may sometime bring in financial gains. But this does not justify dishonesty, which, by its very nature, is immoral.

In the long run, even in business it is honesty that ensures ultimate success. For a businessman who has a reputation for honesty will naturally attract customers and his business will grow and flourish.

Persuasive Speech Topics on THE DUTIES OF A CITIZEN

Persuasive Speech Topics on THE DUTIES OF A CITIZEN

The word ‘citizen’ comes from the Latin word “civis”, which means the inhabitation of a city. Today, “citizen” means “a native or naturalized member of a sovereign state or nation”.

Every citizen has many duties towards his country. He has also many rights. Most citizens are aware of their rights, and demand these rights vociferously, and are relucant to discharge their duties towards their country. The important duty of a citizen is loyalty to his country. One who loves his country will naturally be loyal to it. One who is disloyal to his country is regraded as a traitor. One who loves his country and his loyal to it is called a patriot. The word ‘patriot’ comes from the Latin word ‘patria’ which means ‘fatherland’. In India, we call our country ‘motherland’. Both the words, ‘fatherland’ and ‘motherland’ emphasize our duty to love and to be loyal to our country.

A true patriot always serves his country faithfully. If his country is attacked by a hostile power, he will be ready even to sacrifice his life in defence of its freedom and independence. Naturally, a patriotic citizen obeys the laws of his country. But if he considers a law unjust, he has the right to seek its amendent or repeal constitutional means. A responsible citizen should take should take an intelligent interest in politics. Further, he should take an active part in politics in order to serve his country better.

For educated Indians, this is a very important today, because nearly 500 million of our country men are still illiterate and ignorant, and live in the midst of poverty and squalor. They can be uplifted, gradually atleast, through political action, and devoted social service. All educated Indian citizens should take part willingly and happily in this magnificent entewrprise.

Persuasive speech topics about A RAINY DAY

Persuasive speech topics about A RAINY DAY

Rains are a great blessing to mankind. In an agrarian economy like India, they play a vital role in the economic progress. Sometimes they may prove to be curse when they cause floods.

This year the summer season was unduly long and extremely hot. It was June and the schools were reopened. The scorching sun and the stifling heat had made our life unbearable. When the clouds appear on the sky, everybody become happy. When the south-west monsoon sets in, we get fairly heavy rains every day. But it seldom keeps raining round the clock. I remember a day in the last June when it rained for the whole day. When I woke up at six in the morning, there was no sunlight outside. The sky was overcast with dark and thick clouds. After some time a cool breeze began to blow. It seemed that rain was imminent. Then suddenly it started raining heavily. I came out of my room and stood on the verandha and watched the rain. Soon it started raining in torrents. I looked at our garden. There was water all round the house. No patch of grass could be seen. I knew that the school would not work on such a day and so remained at home. It kept pouring as if someone had let the sky open.

By noon, all the roads and streets were flooded with water. There was knee deep water on certain roads. The torrential rains affected the traffic on the roads. From my house I could see happy children running and playing in the rain water. They made paper-boats and played with them. The rain brought misery to some people. Many houses in the low-lying areas were full of water. Even at four in the evening, it was raining, but with less severity. Nature suddenly turned fresh. The farmers were very happy and they were seen working in the fields.

It continued to rain in the night also. I went to bed early and lay awake for some time listening to the sound of rain drops on the roof. Soon I fell asleep. The next morning I was told that the weather had changed after the heavy rain.

Persuasive Essay Topics on My unforgettable Train Journey

Persuasive Essay Topics on My unforgettable Train Journey

A journey by train is an interesting and educative experience. During the last summer vacation, I had the opportunity to travel from Dehra Dun to Lucknow with my friends.

We reached the Dehra Dun station in time to catch the 1.50pm Train. Our train stood ready. Our seats were reserved and so we boarded the train leisurely and found our seats. There was a great rush at the station. After a few minutes, the grand blew his whistle and waved his green flag. Soon the train moved out of the station and our journey began.

When the train crossed the signal point it began to catch speed. After five minute the train was passing through fields and gardens. The countryside of the Dehra Dun Valley through which we were passing was pretty, and so we enjoyed ourselves by looking through the windows. We saw green filed, trees, groves and forests from the running train. We also saw farmers ploughing the fields. We saw to our left the lower Himalayan hills and to the right the Siwalik range. We passed through green fields and then through beautiful forests. Everything looked bright and pleasant in the afternoon sunshine.

Beauty and variety mixed in equal proportions spread out in every sight we saw. The rhythmic movement of the train gave a musical effect to what we saw before us.

In the train there were all sorts of people. There were w2ell dressed people. There were villagers in their simple dresses. Some people were reading and books and newspaper, while other was discussing politics and the rising prices. Some other was sleeping. In our compartment, there were some tourists from Germany who were on their way to Delhi. We had a good chat with them. They spoke highly of Indian culture and admired the simplicity of Indians.

After some hours we travelled through some tunnels and came to the scared town of Haridwar where the train stopped. Even from the train, we could see the clear water of the Ganges and the Hindu temples on the banks. The place was crowded with monkeys and sadhus. The journey continued and we passed through the plains of U.P. The train stopped for half an hour at Saharanpur and we had our dinner there. From there the train took speed and we all settled down to sleep. About rolled into the big, hot, noisy station of Lucknow. It was really an unforgettable and pleasant journey.

Persuasive Essay Writing Topics on A JOURNEY BY TRAIN

Persuasive Essay Writing Topics on A JOURNEY BY TRAIN

A journey by train is an interesting and educative experience. During the last summer vacation, I had the opportunity to travel from Dehra Dun to Lucknow with my friends.

We reached the Dehra Dun station in time to catch the 1.50pm Train. Our train stood ready. Our seats were reserved and so we boarded the train leisurely and found our seats. There was a great rush at the station. After a few minutes, the grand blew his whistle and waved his green flag. Soon the train moved out of the station and our journey began.

When the train crossed the signal point it began to catch speed. After five minute the train was passing through fields and gardens. The countryside of the Dehra Dun Valley through which we were passing was pretty, and so we enjoyed ourselves by looking through the windows. We saw green filed, trees, groves and forests from the running train. We also saw farmers ploughing the fields. We saw to our left the lower Himalayan hills and to the right the Siwalik range. We passed through green fields and then through beautiful forests. Everything looked bright and pleasant in the afternoon sunshine.

Beauty and variety mixed in equal proportions spread out in every sight we saw. The rhythmic movement of the train gave a musical effect to what we saw before us.

In the train there were all sorts of people. There were w2ell dressed people. There were villagers in their simple dresses. Some people were reading and books and newspaper, while other was discussing politics and the rising prices. Some other was sleeping. In our compartment, there were some tourists from Germany who were on their way to Delhi. We had a good chat with them. They spoke highly of Indian culture and admired the simplicity of Indians.

After some hours we travelled through some tunnels and came to the scared town of Haridwar where the train stopped. Even from the train, we could see the clear water of the Ganges and the Hindu temples on the banks. The place was crowded with monkeys and sadhus. The journey continued and we passed through the plains of U.P. The train stopped for half an hour at Saharanpur and we had our dinner there. From there the train took speed and we all settled down to sleep. About rolled into the big, hot, noisy station of Lucknow. It was really an unforgettable and pleasant journey.

Essay Writing on My unforgettable bus Journey

Essay Writing on ‘My unforgettable bus Journey’

The summer holiday were about to begin. My annual examination was over. The school was scheduled to be closed for the summer vacation from the 15th of May. I received a letter from my father to return home from the hostel.

I had to travel from Ootty to Trichur. I decide to travel by bus. I took a rickshaw to the bus stand and reached there in time to board the express bus to my destination. As I reached the bus stand, I saw a huge crowd swelling on the road. They all made a dash when they saw a bus coming. The buses were fully packed. I had booked my ticket in advance and so I could get inside the bus easily.

The bus departed from Ootty at 7 a.m. it was still cold. The passengers were reading newspaper and talking. Some were  talking about the politics and the soaring prices. I was not interested in their talk. As I got a side seat, I looked outside to enjoy the beauty of Nilgiri Mountains. The road ran in zig-zag manner. It was a breath –taking experience to watch the valleys from the bus. On both sides there were beautiful hills full of greenery. A cool breeze was blowing in the hilly areas. The mountain were very imposing and the scenery was enchanting. The bus was climbing down the hill. The sight of mist and fog rising from the valleys and spreading over the mountain was very fascinating. From the bus I could see buses creeping up the hill and they looked like small match boxes. About 9 a.m. the bus reached Mettupalayam, where I had my breakfast.

The journey continued and the bus reached Coimbatore at 10.30 a.m. Some of the passengers got down there while many others boarded the bus. Within an hour, we entered Kerala State. On the way, a boy became seriously ill. His parents got nervous and tried to console him. The passengers were willing to help the family. One of them suggested the name of a doctor who had his dispensary nearby. The bus stopped in front of the dispensary. The doctor examined the boy and gave him some medicine. After some time the boy felt better and bus moved forward.

Soon the bus reached Palghat. After a cup of tea there, we continued our journey to Trichur. The sight of green paddy fields on the either side of the road was a feast to my mind. Tall coconut trees added to the beauty of scenery. At about 4 p.m., the bus reached Trichur. I saw the smiling face of my father waiting at the station. It was an unforgettable and pleasant experience.