Rabindranath Tagore was one of the greatest poets of India. He was the winner of the Nobel Prize which is awarded to the greatest men of science, literature, and special services. His most famous book of songs is Gitanjali. This book was particularly selected for the awarding of Nobel Prize to him.

 The Nobel Prize then had prize money of over a lakhs of Rupees. Rabindranath Tagore was the first Indian to win the Nobel Prize. Other Indian who won the Nobel Prize were C.V. Raman and Mother Teresa. Mr. Khorana, who won the Nobel Prize for science, is an Indian by origin, but he is now an American citizen. He won the Nobel Prize as an American and not as an Indian. Rabindranath Tagore wrote his poems in the Bengali language. He translated his own Bengali poems into English. His book of poems Gitanjali, bears an introduction by the great
English poet Y.B. Yeats. It was this introduction which won his international reputation and helped him to win the Nobel Prize. At that time Yeats was not himself a Nobel Prize-winner although he was very distinguished as the English poet International reputation. Y.B. Yeats also won the Nobel Prize after he helped Rabindranath Tagore to win it.

Rabindranath Tagore was not only a great poet he was also a great dramatist and a story-writer. He was also an educationist and a patriot. He used to act in his own plays. He was the founder of Santiniketan, a University of liberal arts near Kolkata, where many scholars from foreign countries come and get their education in arts and humanities. Our late Prime Minister Mrs. Indira Gandhi was also educated in the University of Santiniketan for some years.

Rabindranath Tagore was also a great patriot and a close  friend of Mahatma Gandhi and other freedom fighters. He
offered them every help in the struggle for freedom. He was awarded knighthood (the title of “Sir” by the British after he had won the Nobel Prize but he returned it to the British for freedom’s sake. He did not think it nice to accept any honours from the British while they were ruling our country and holding our nation in subjection. Our national song Jana Gana Mana was composed by Rabindranath Tagore. Wherever and whenever  you hear the national anthem, you are indeed hearing the voice  of Rabindranath Tagore.

Next to Kalidas, Tagore is the most famous poet of India. He is known as the Shakespeares of India. Tagore travelled widely in many countries including China, Japan, Switzerland and other countries. There are many memorials of him all over the world. In Chandigarh there is a famous Tagore Hall. In Delhi we have Tagore Garden, which is a township and also Tagore Gallery of Art. The statues of Tagore are found in many places. Next to Mahatma Gandhi, Rabindranath Tagore is one of our greatest legendary figures which have become immortal institutions in themselves.