India achieved independence on the15th august, 1947, but it was still governed by a constitution which the British had framed for us. Before the achievement of independence, the constituent assembly had been with the work of framing a new constitution for India. The constitution was completed on 26th November, 1950. The new constitution, which the people of India gave to themselves, declared India a sovereign socialist secular democratic republic. Hence, 26th January is known as republic day.
The republic is a red letter day in the history of India. It was o this day India fully became sovereign nation after centuries of foreign rule. India got the opportunity how to shape her destiny for herself.
Since republic day is of immense significance, it is celebrated all over India with great pomp and show. But in Delhi, the capital of India, it is celebrated with greater grandeur and splendor. The programme begins with the march of the president’s procession from Rashtrapati Bhavan to India gate. Peoples in large number flock to the city from the various parts of the country to witness the parade. At India Gate, the President takes salutes of the three wings o defence that is army, navy and air force.
Various types of awards are given on this day by the President. Gallantry award are given to those who distinguish in combat against the enemy on land, sea or in air and for valour in other respects other than military. Civilians are honoured with various types of awards for their meritorious service to the country in the fields of art, literature, science and social services. At this the president return to Rashtrapati Bhavan but the rest of the procession continuous its march till it ends at the Red Fort.
The procession is indeed a grand spectacle. It represents India in miniature. It consists of the marching parade by three wings of army N.C.C., Delhi Police, Fire Brigade Service, artillery tanks, air craft’s guns etc. The tobluex attempts to present a view of India in miniature. Aero planes fly over head in various formations. At night, public buildings are profusely illuminated. They display fireworks provide entertainment and enjoyment to people.
The republic day has great message for us. They remind us of the sacrifice made by the fighters for freedom, exhorts us to work hard for the welfare and prosperity of country’s freedom and territorial integrity. It tells us how much has been achieved and how much is still to be achieved. It also calls upon us to work for the fulfillment of ideal which free India stands for.