India is surrounded by the great mountains, Himalayas in the north, Indian Ocean in the south, Arabian Sea in the west and Bay of Bengal in the east.

India has the world’s highest and greatest ranges of mountains; the great Himalaya in the north that covers about 2500 kilometers in length. It has the highest peak. Mount Everest is the highest peak in the world which is about 8845 meters high. It is situated in Nepal. Second highest peak is Kanchanjanga 8597 meters high and the third is Nanga Parbat 8125 meters high and the fourth in Nanda Devi which is 7816 meters high. All these are high peaks in the great Himalaya. The great rivers from Himalaya are the Ganga, Yamuna, Brahmaputra, Kosi, etc.

In the south, the great plateau of India consists of Nilgiri Mountains in the south, eastern ghat Mountains in the east and western ghat in the west. Northern side of the plateau consists of the mountains. Vindhyas in the Aravalli ranges. All the major rivers begin from the desert of Rajasthan, Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna, Kaveri, flow from Western Ghats and merge into the Bay of Bengal in the east and only one river, Narmada, is from eastern Ghats and flows into the Arabian Sea in the west. The river Tapti flows from the Aravalli range, which touches the marble rock in Jabalpur and finally goes into the Arabian Sea. The only mountain peak in the south is Anaimundi in Kerala.

The great mountain wall of the North. The Himalaya is a protector of our country as it saves us from foreign powers. It also protects us from severe cold wave in the winter. It helps us with rains as the Mountain clouds struck the mountains and causes rains.

The mountains gives us so many things, such as various types of minerals, raw materials, dry fruits, green fruits and variety of medicines which are planted and cultivated in hills.