Mahatma Gandhi was the greatest man of the 20th century; he was respected by the whole world. The greatest scientists, Einstein, said that the coming generation would not easily believe that such a man ever lived on the earth. The greatest thing about him was that he was a human to the core and has a loving heart for the poor and the homeless. He felt for all and wished well to the entire humanity.

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born in Porbandar, in the Kathiawar region of Gujarat on 2nd October, 1869. He received his early education at home. His father advised his son to go to England, Gandhiji qualified for the bar. But on his return from England he did not succeed as a lawyer. So he went to South Africa. There he found that his countrymen were suffering under cruel laws. He led a protest movement successfully. His movement was entirely non-violent.

Returning to India in 1916, he threw himself into politics. He started the non-violent and non-cooperation movements. He was sent to Jail many times and thousands of his countrymen followed him. A long agitation finally forced the British Government to grant independence to India on 15th August 1947. Subsequently it was renamed as India and Pakistan. This caused untold sufferings to life and property on both sides of the borders. But the Father of the Nation- Bapu as he was called- was not in Delhi to rejoice. He was in distance Naokhali in East Bengal trying to bring peace among the Hindus and Muslims there.

Mahatma Gandhi lived a splendid long life. He achieved the greatest of his wishes- the freedom of India. He also wished to see India prosperous but God willed it otherwise. Three bullets from a misguided young man finished his glorious career. He met a martyr’s death, for he was pleading for Hindu-Muslim unity and this was not acceptable to certain self-interested and shortsighted people.

Mahatma Gandhi has set a standard before us. He has shown that the great heights can be reached by man. By his life and later death he has served his mother country, and he has served humanity no less. He has shown the world the true way to peace.