The ant is generally found in every house. They are tiny creatures and bite very sharply. They are found in open fields and closed abodes. According to climate and seasons their number increases and decreases. They come out of their nests in great numbers in humid climate. The ant is a tiny insect. The head of it has two eyes, a pair of antennas and biting mouth parts. Its body has three parts which are connected with each other by a thin fibre.
There are different sizes and kinds of ants. Some are very tiny and some are big. There are red ants and black ants found everywhere in the houses crawling on food articles etc. The black ants do not bite but the red one bite sharply. There are big size black ants also which are found creeping on trees, farms, fields and in homes. These ants when bite produce severe pain and sometimes even blood also comes out. These are white ants which are called termites. They destroy books, clothes, wood, timber and furniture.
The ants eat flour, sugar, gur, sweets and dead products. The ant has an acute sense of smell and finds the odour of its food from a long distance. Even if one ant comes to know of food the other ants receive message and come in great numbers to swap the food. They carry food particles in their mouth and proceed to their nests in a row. They gather food all through summer and store it for winter season. The ants keep and tendant-cow for its honey-dew. The ant-cow is a certain kind of green fly collects nectar of flowers. The name of ant is synonymous with labour and industry. They do not take rest and they work very hard. Ants are good builders. They build their nests which are called ant-hills. The ant hills when deserted by ants are used by snakes. These hills are divided into compartments. They construct their nests unitedly and harmoniously for communal living. Communal harmony, industry, labours and co-operative way of living should be learnt by man from ants and their living.
Amongst ants working ants procure food and construct their nest. The queen ants live mostly in their nests and their function is to lay eggs. The idle ant develops wings, flies in the air and soon it dies. The worker ant carries the work of procuring food, constructing and protecting the nests etc.
The ants though menace to us as they swap our food- stuffs but they are useful to us. They sweep away dead insects and other dirty things. The white ants render useful service to man by consuming dead wood and vegetation. They aid in agriculture by enriching the soil and by making the soil permeable to air and moisture.
The ant-bear is the enemy of ants. It eats ants in large number with extreme factination.