The news paper has become the common man’s window to the events happening around the world. A modern educated man cannot enjoy his morning cup of tea until he has the morning’s paper before him. It brings him news and views from all corners of the world. In modern times, news papers are considered to be the givers of information, news and views.
The primary function of newspaper is to provide information of all kinds. A successful newspaper caters to all kinds of readers-scientists, sportsmen, cinema fans, politicians, businessmen, lawyers and jobless workers anxiously looking up advertisements columns. It widens one’s knowledge and keeps one in touch with the advances made in the fields of science, education, medicine and technology. Besides their informative character, newspapers possess literary value. Articles by well-known writers, commentaries by great men, book reviews by able critics all fine their way into newspapers.
Newspapers are a very powerful means of a propaganda. The editorials and leading articles in a newspaper have great effect on its readers. Next in importance are the letters to the editor. These highlight for some problem and ask for immediate action. Most of the newspapers carry sports news every day. There are also columns on agriculture, education, industry and finance on fixed days of the week. Newspapers help in creating among the readers the spirit of goodwill and mutual understanding with other nations of the world.
Newspapers form and mould public opinion. They contain a lot of useful information regarding national and international events in political, social economic, scientific, religious and literary fields. The public remain in constant touch with the leading events in the world. Newspapers also mobilize public opinion on national issues and thus help in mass education. They make people aware of their duties and rights.
In a democracy, newspapers keep the people informed of the programs and policies of the government. Similarly, they keep the government informed of the desires, wishes, grievances, suggestions, and opinions of the people. Thus they bridge the gap between government and people. Newspapers have great educational value too. The latest reports regarding the researches made in science, discoveries made in various fields are published by them. The ideas and thoughts of famous thinkers, writers, poets, philosophers and scientists find expression in the newspapers. Newspapers find a very important role in the reconstruction and regeneration of a country by eradicating social, moral and economic evils prevailing in the society.