CONSERVATION OF NATURAL RESOURCES

essay topics

essay topics

Textbooks define natural resources as the resources which exist naturally on earth. Forests, fuel reserves, soil, water; all these are categorized as natural resources. Natural resources are also called natural wealth or the gift of nature for the simple reason that humans and all other organisms depend on these natural resources directly or indirectly for their survival and existence.speech topics

Air and water are necessary for all living organisms and form the basic principle of existence of life on earth. Water is also required for various industrial and domestic needs of human beings which are increasing with the growing population. Soil or land is required for producing food and shelter by animals and plants.  Forests or trees are beneficial in many ways. From wood, to medicines, to paper, to almost every other essential commodity; trees provide us with all. Fuel reserves are required for almost all domestic and industrial purposes. Thus, we see that our existence is impossible without these natural resources.

What is of great concern is that due to the ever growing demands, humans are exploiting these natural resources ruthlessly which risks our existence. We are using these resources to such an extent for our demands which leads to exhausting of these resource reserves and consequent depletion of the quality. Thus earth shall soon reach the brink of irreparable damage. It leads to great environmental concerns like pollution, global warming and consequent effects like disturbance in water levels, critical damage to the earth. This creates the need to conserve the natural resources.essay writing topics

We can do that in a number of ways. Water needs to be conserved as the potable water levels have come down. We can limit the water use at domestic levels. We can recycle water and reuse it wherever possible. We should prevent pollution of water sources. Forests are being exploited ruthlessly. So we should prevent deforestation and find alternative measures for meeting all needs. Alternative resources like solar power, wind energy, synthesized materials etc. help us meet our demands in a sustainable way. Sustainable Development ensures meeting present human needs taking care of the environmental balance and future requirements. Nowadays, the concept of Green Technology is introduced to take care of advancement with natural preservation. Thus, all such measures can help us conserve the natural resources effectively.

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My Unforgettable Teacher

Speech Topics on teachers day

essay writing topics on my unforgettable teacher

A child idolizes his teachers more than anyone else in his life. All of us have our own ideals in our lives. A teacher is like a God to the child. In Indian culture, a teacher is given utmost importance. That means a teacher must get the importance from the children after their parents. A Teacher not only teaches the students the lesson in the books but also act as a spiritual guide for his students.Speech Topics on teachers day

I study in Tagore Public school. There are about 30 teachers in our school. Some of them have taught me earlier. Some are teaching me this year and there are others who haven’t taught me still. Nevertheless, I know them all. I like all my teachers. They are very kind and loving. My favourite teacher is Mr. Sharma.

He is our Maths teacher. He is a middle-aged man with pleasing habits and good behaviour. He is intelligent and a master in his subject. He is very disciplined but not very strict to the students. We feel at ease when he is around. He makes Mathematics easy for all of us and all of us enjoy it.

  He is very soft spoken, kind, gentle, helping and caring. He is always ready to listen patiently to the problems of the students. His admirable qualities make him a favourite of not only me but of all the students. He is our games’ incharge too. We all enjoy playing games under his supervision. He is very friendly to the students while practicing.

The reasons for liking him too much are many. Last year when I had fallen ill and could not go to school for many days, he himself came to my home. My parents and I too felt very happy. He then helped me to manage the loss of classes. He made me feel very special. He encouraged a lot me to study. And he cleared all my doubts about the lost portions. I owe a lot to him for my speedy recovery.

Since then, he has become a regular visitor to my family. But one thing I admire most is that he is neither partial nor biased. He is very honest and simple. Teachers like him are a fine example of simple living and high thinking. The country needs more devoted and dedicated teachers like him. Students would work harder when they have such inspiring much sources to follow.

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Use and Misuse of Cellular Phones

Public speech Topics on the impacts of mobile phones

Public speech Topics on the impacts of mobile phones

For some people at least some cell phones are an essential convenience of modern life; for other are irritating contraptions that should be banned from public places. A mobile phone is an electronic telecommunication device with the same basic capacity as a conventional fixed line telephone, which is portable and not required to be connected with a wire to the telephone network. A wireless radio wave transmission technology is used. In addition to the standard voice function of a telephone, a mobile phone can support many additional services such as SMS for text messaging, packet switching for access to the internet, and MMS for sending and receiving photos and videos. In less than twenty years mobile phones have gone from being rare and expensive pieces of equipment by to an all pervasive low-cost personal item. In many countries, where there is little existing fixed line infrastructure, the mobile phones has become widespread. Essay topic on the use and misuse of mobile phones

These days a mobile culture has evolved. Many people keep in touch using SMS. The commercial market in SMSs is growing. Many phones even offer Instant Messenger services to increase the simplicity and ease of texting on phones. People have made mobile phones into status symbols instead of necessity, especially young boys and girls. This has given rise to an increase in criminal and unethical activities. Essay writing Topics

Mobile phone etiquette has become an important issue with mobiles ranging at funerals, weddings, movies and plays. Users often speak at increased volume, with little regard for other people nearby. It has become common practice for places like book shops, libraries, movie theatres and places of worship to post signs prohibiting the use of mobile phones. Sometimes even installing jamming equipments to prevent them. As with many new technologies concern has arisen about the effects on health from using a mobile phone. There is a small amount of scientific evidence for an increase of certain types of rare tumours (cancer) in long-time, to persistent heavy users. More recently, a study provided significant evidence of genetic damage under certain conditions. Some researchers also report that the mobile phone industry has interfered with further research on health risks.debate topics on the use of mobile phones

Another controversial but more lethal concern is the correlation with road traffic incidents. Several studies have shown that motorists have a much higher risk of collisions and losing control of the vehicles while talking on the mobile phones. Accidents involving a driver being distracted by talking on the mobile phone are being prosecuted as negligence similar to driving while intoxicated. In some countries, such as Japan, Singapore, United Kingdom and France, as well as several states in the United States, driving while using a mobile phone is illegal.

Despite the misuse of cell phones, one cannot undetermined the use of mobile phones. They are once easily available help in case of emergency. And it is great source of entertainment. If used judiciously, wisely and with observance of public etiquettes, mobiles could be of great use. Mobile technology is very much here and it is here to stay for long.

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The Influence of Television on youth

Essay topics

The influence of TV on the life of today’s youth is unbeatable. The variety of programs being telecast is it regional or international is mind boggling. Television is an extraordinary medium that brings the entire world into your living room. Its accessibility makes it more powerful-it is there at the touch of a button. It is a 24/7 medium. Its visual impact leaves a lasting impression on the young minds which are susceptible. TV is the windows to their world since magazines or cinema certainly do not exert the same impact as TV on them.Essay topics

The content of TV programs leaves a lot to be desired. Hence to expect it to instill moral, ethical or positive values is asking for too much. It is appalling to note that even gruesome scenes do not elicit much of a response from the young viewers whose mind seems to be attuned to it; having had an overdose of it. Their way of dressing, eating, conversing and even the music they listen to is largely influenced by the English serials and sitcoms and music channels they tend to watch.

Essay writing TopicsThere is an overdose of violence, sex and glorification of things that appeal to the youth. The content of violence can be influenced by the children and as well as the youth. And there is a tendency to imitate by both the youth and children, what they have seen in the cinemas. And they must try to do in real in some situations of life from the false knowledge by cinemas. And there should be a tendency to grow the intrusion in the society also a problem. The effect of serials made the youth to become addicted to the TV. And the overdoses of the sex in some channels like fashion channels must affect badly in the youth. At times it is also due to a false sense of moving ahead with the times that makes them follow this culture.

Sports and news programs however do not corrupt the mind. But too much of sports is definitely harmful. TV viewing in excess making many among the youth of today into couch potatoes.

Parent restrictions on TV viewing by children have brought out little outcome as anything on which sometime some kind of strict control is imposed is liable to set in a negative impact. It is the responsibility of the grown up in the household to generate a sense of discretion in TV viewing to be selective in watching programs brought out by various channel operators.

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Dowry System in India

Speech Topics on Dowry system

In olden days giving away dowry during marriages was very common. The aristocratic class celebrated their daughters’ marriages in pomp offering by land, jewellery, properties, vehicles and large sums of money to the bridegroom. In these days too the rich in several communities celebrate their daughters’ marriages in a very grand fashion. The Maharajas celebrated the marriages of their daughters by spending lavishly. Ordinary people wonder at the huge amount spent on marriages and the grand feast for thousands and thousands which include the choicest food items and choicest liquor.Speech topics in dowry system

Wealthy people, Zamindars and princely class can afford to spend on marriages as much as they wish. Unmindful spending in marriages is questionable when most of our people struggle to make both ends meet.Speech Topics on Dowry system

To the common man, giving dowry is very problematic. Some of the people in the society are employed in offices or do some petty business. In many families the earning member may be only one. He may get a meager salary and he may not have any savings. He may not have any close relative to help him in needy circumstances. He may have to marry off daughter when he is about to retire or after he retires. His retirement benefits may amount to a few lakhs of rupees. If he spends most of the money on the marriage of his one or two daughters how can be lead a comfortable life in the rest of his life? This is the condition for most of the families. Having spent most of the money a person gets on retirement he suffers during his last days. This situation is very pathetic. Unless he gives a sizeable amount as dowry and spends a large portion of his earning on his daughter’s marriage he cannot get his daughter married. Even an educated girl who earns well has to be given off in marriage with dowry. Unless the bridegroom’s parents are determined enough not to seek dowry this social evil cannot be abolished.

The married girl is often harassed if the dowry demanded is not given in full. She is ill-treated, abused and she suffers a lot. If her husband is not understanding enough her condition is pitiable and she silently suffers the torture. Even the educated, enlightened in-laws sometimes ill-treat a married girl. This is however the age of feminism. Gender equation is a vital message of our day. The constitution declares that “it is the fundamental duty of all citizens to renounce practices derogatory of women”.

Giving dowry to a girl during a marriage is nothing but underestimating her value. Marriage has sanctity. Marriage is a spiritual bond. Let us give marriage the high status which it rightly deserves.

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Value of Discipline

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 “There is not to make reply,

  Theirs not  to reason why,

  Theirs but to do and die”

These famous lines by Lord Alfred Tennyson, emphasizes the place of discipline in the army and during times of war. It is obvious that no army can function and no battle can be fought successfully if every soldier wants to know the reasons behind his superior’s orders or if he argues with him about the necessity of his order.essay writing Topics

Discipline is necessary not only in the army but also in every organization, in every walk of life, in every activity. In order to understand what discipline is. For any walk that is to be done, an individual must have before him a goal, and a purpose. The goal can best be achieved if the work is done in the most efficient way with complete concentration. One has to devote his time, energy, resources to the activity. Strict obedience to the required rules for any work or activity is called discipline.

Since adults are supposed to have some self-control, they can on their own, obey the necessary rules of work or activity. Hence discipline comes to them automatically. It is internal. But children are not in a position to understand the necessity of obeying certain rules, or even if they do understand, they may be swayed by immediate or unimportant interests or diversions. So discipline has to be included in them. It is external. Children must accept the authority of their parents and teachers and obey their orders or instructions seriously.Essay topics paragraph writing on discipline

Discipline, whether it is internal or external, requires a great deal of self-control. But it never restricts or reduces one’s freedom. On the contrary, it makes freedom all the more meaningful and creates the necessary conditions in which freedom can be exercised or enjoyed. Discipline is like the banks of the river which do not obstruct the flow of its water but make it possible for the river to flow smoothly with proper force in the desired direction. Similarly, discipline makes it possible for the individual to utilize his time, energy and resources in a better way to achieve the desired results.

Discipline makes all the difference between success and failure, progress and stagnation. Discipline is the very foundation on which success in any activity or work is based. The great writer Edmund Spencer has said, ” A stern discipline pervades all nature, which is a little cruel that it may be very kind.”

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Terrorism : A Threat to Society

Essay writing Topics

Terrorism is one of the gravest problems that the society faces today. It is an issue of global concern. The presence of terrorism can be felt across the globe. It is, today, a much debated issue in all the countries of the world-developing or developed. Terrorism is not a new phenomenon. But over the years terrorism like other avenues of life, has undergone tremendous changes. It has now become more lethal, more widespread and more difficult to control. Today it stands as a serious challenge before the civil society.Speech Topics

Terrorism has its presence everywhere ranging from Indonesia. Malaysia to Sudan. Somalia, Egypt, Nigeria, Peru, Chile. America to Ireland. Almost all the countries are directly or indirectly facing the problem of terrorism. It has sprung up everywhere. Terrorists are the greatest enemies of the society because they undermine its stability by creating chaotic conditions leading to mass killing, damage and destruction. Generally public places like airports, railway stations etc are their targets, but sometimes they shift their focus to some soft targets like schools, hospitals, trains and buses where security is lax and security forces are not very vigilant.

Every country has defined terrorism in its own way as per its own suitability. There is no universally accepted definition of terrorism. In fact, terrorism is an unlawful use of violence or threat of violence aiming to inculcate fear among the masses. It is a philosophy of violence which terrorists use to destabilize the economy of a country. In modern times terrorism is being used to deliberately create communal tensions, and disrupt the peaceful atmosphere of a targeted society or country. The impact of terrorism has three motives-religious interests, ethnic minority interests and economic interests. But the real issue is the land, the power to hold it and to get maximum benefit from it.Essay writing Topics

Terrorists groups today are well-equipped with state-of-the-art technologies. Terrorists are increasingly making use of bombs and explosives. In addition, indiscriminate firing, bombarding and hijacking are also used by them as a tool to terrorist the society. Nuclear terrorism and bio-terrorism are the ways of modern terrorism. Terrorists in their operation of activities are very brutal and cruel. They act cold-bloodedly without any consideration to kindness, ethics and morality. Their sole aim is to cause destruction and damage.Essay topics

Terrorists today work under as part of global network. They have established contacts with groups in different countries and carry on their activities quiet collaboration with them. They offer training and finances to other groups. Sometimes terrorists activities are sponsored by bigger terrorist organizations. Ultimately whatever measures are taken, the conditions that give rise to terrorism has to be tackled efficiently.

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Happiness of Reading

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Reading has been one of the popular hobbies from early time. Reading is a source of knowledge for some, while to others it provides pleasure. Some seek inspiration in it, at the same time it serves as a source of strength for a group of people. Reading stimulates the mind directly. Reading is to the mind is what food is to the body.

Essay writing topicsDuring reading our sense organs convey to the mind the feelings that arise from it. When such feelings are agreeable to mind, they serve as pleasure. They relieve us of our tension and boredom. They remove our worries and instill in us a renewed energy which immensely helps us in taking life with enthusiasm and vigour. Reading is possible only in the educational society. An uneducated society which does not have a script, can never think of the pleasures of reading. With the invention of the Brail script, reading for the blind became a realization and true blessing.

There are a lot of reading material for the discerning people which include stories, dramas, plays, poems, comedies, verses jokes, thrills, suspense, etc. the choice of reading material differs from person to person. Reading is an excellent form of recreation.

Reading provides pleasure of learning new things, new places, new persons. The accumulated knowledge of mankind is available in written and printed form. It is by reading that one can expose that vast hidden treasure of knowledge and experience and can benefit from it. Through reading one can learn many things. During an interview Lokmanya Tilak emphasized the importance of reading by saying that he was ready to reside even in hell if it could provide him with sufficient reading material and reading time. Reading grooms personality. It shapes character. The benefit of pleasure received from reading is immeasurable. The habit of reading should be encouraged right from the early childhood.

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The modern era shows a declining interest in reading. The expansion of IT and growing TV culture revolutionized the interest and hobbies of people. They have opened up a whole new world, vivid, exciting and fascinating, before them. Prevailing social and political conditions are also responsible for this. However for men of good taste and purpose reading is always a rich source of immense pleasure.

Books provide good companionship, easily available, enlightened, dependable and lifelong. Reading dispels our thoughts of gloom and serves us as a source of comfort, hopefulness and patience. It brightens up darkness and adversity. Milton rightly said, ” A good book is precious life blood of a master spirit, embalmed and treasured upon purpose to a life beyond life.” Francis bacon asserted that “ Reading makes a full man…”

Despite myriad means of entertainment and recreation, books continue to enjoy a prominent position. Books have been great sources of knowledge from times immemorial. Though in the present says a shift to new interests and preferences are evident, reading enjoys a unique and distinctive status of its own in our society.

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Global Warming : Cause and Effects

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Global warming is the greatest challenge facing our planet. It is in fact the increase in the temperature of the earth’s neon-surface air. It is the one of the most current and widely discussed phenomena. It has far reaching impact on bio-diversity and climatic conditions of the planet. Several recent trends demonstrate that global warming is directly its exercising impact on sea levels, melting of ice caps and worldwide climate changes. In short global warming represents a fundamental threat to all living things on earth.essay writing topics

Average global temperature rose considerably during the past century. The prevailing scientific view is that most of the temperature increase since mid-20th century has been caused by increases in atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations produced by human activity. Most scientists agree that the planet’s temperature has risen 0.5 degree Celsius  since 1900 was the hottest year in the last century. Together with 1991, the years of 1983,1987,1988 and 1989 have been measured to be the warmest 6 years in the last one hundred years. The year 1991 was the second warmest year of the past century. The consequences of the rise in temperature is being felt all over the globe. The findings of scientific research done in this field reveal that the temperature of the earth is likely to rise from 1.4 degree Celsius to 5.8 degree Celsius within a period of hundred years. Unfortunately ,the imbalance which we have created between our life and earth is already showing the signs of disaster in the form of floods,cyclones,landslides,tsunami,drought, etc. if the imbalance continues to rise it would definitely lead to grave repercussions.

Carbon dioxide which is an important constituent of the environment is causing a warming effect on the earth’s surface. It increases the evaporation of water into the atmosphere. Since water vapour itself is a greenhouse gas. This cause still more warming. The warming causes more water vapour to be evaporated. The Carbon dioxide level is expected to rise in future due to ongoing burning of fossil fuels and land use change. The rate of rise will depend largely on certain economic, sociological, technological and natural developments. Other gases such as methane, CFCs, nitrous oxide, troposphere ozone are also responsible for global warming. Increases in all these gases are due to explosive population growth, increased industrial expansion, technological advancement, deforestation, growing urbanization etc.

Essay Topics

Global warming is great threat to flora and fauna of the earth. A large number of species may become extinct. The expanse of desert would increase. Low rainfall and rising temperature would add to the intensity and frequency of dust storms. This in turn will immensely affect the quality of agricultural land, ultimately causing adverse effect on agricultural produce. It would have far-reaching socio-economic impact also.

Forestation can be of great help for the reduction of global warming. Planting more trees and reducing timber cuts worldwide will help restore the imbalance to a great extent. And  we must follow the environmental policy of “reduce, reuse, recycle”, ie, promoting the reuse of anything. The use of fuel-efficient vehicles should be promoted. And every individual should be aware of the importance of protecting the environment. Besides eco-friendly technologies must be promoted.

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Exercises – A Boon to Health

Speech Topics on Exercises

Then we talk of exercises, staying fit, the image of a slim person immediately comes to mind. We all view staying fit as staying thin, but this is not necessarily true. Many young women and now, with the advent of the modern age, even men are obsessed with staying thin, good looking as they term it. A person can be fit even though he or she may seem obese to the rest of the world.Essay writing on importance for exercises

Exercise is the key to keeping oneself fit. Exercise is not necessarily standing in one place and moving your arms and legs as one used to do in school. One can incorporate exercise into or along with any activity one enjoys. Dancing is an exercise, provided that the pace is fast, climbing upstairs is another way to reduce or to come back to the earlier level of fitness, but overdoing it can cause your knees to pain.Speech Topics on Exercises

Exercise must be combined with a proper diet. Regular exercise , is not a license to unhealthy eating habits. At times one does indulge in a binge but it should be once in a while only. One’s diet should be well packaged with proteins, carbohydrates as well as minerals. Yoga has become a fancy to stay fit these days. It has a rich and famous clientele outside of India, and now, thanks to various TV channels, it is becoming quite popular in the country of its origin. Better late than never. Exercise is for fitness, it is not in an order to create an appetite.

We eat in order that we live, we do not live to eat. Fast food is the single biggest cause for making people unhealthy or unfit. Keeping fit and healthy, is all in the mind, if you believe that keeping fit is necessary for better living only then can you succeed in the battle of good health. Those obsessed with healthy skin, keeping fit keeps your skin smooth, firm and also clear and glowing. Our skin has its own way of showing off when it is in good.

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Drug Abuse and the Youth

Essay writing

Since the youth are the future citizens of India, they should be brought up and protected with the utmost care. Nowadays young people are very much independent and are not amenable to the reasonable, logical pleas of their parents, teachers and elders to walk past in the right direction.

As young people are carefree they get little chance of knowing the implications of the moral values of life. They think they can do anything they like and they are not bound by ethical rules and regulations. In these days, except a few, many students take to evil ways. Especially the youth who stay in hostels for a long time develop all kinds of bad habits and get themselves spoiled. Most of the youngsters who stay in lodges are exposed to bad habits like smoking, drinking and sexual relationship with strangers. Even a disciplined boy turns to evil ways because of his association with bad boys.Essay writing

Getting addicted to drugs is drugs is most dangerous. We believe that a person in hallucination experiences the pleasure of hearing a song from his inner being. He is totally in the grip of an illusion. It is true that a person who knowingly or unknowingly gets the taste of a drug is drawn to it and his addiction to it gradually becomes stronger and stronger making him a slave to drugs. All bad habits like addiction to liquor, drugs or seeking the company of harlots, enslaves one, and is apt to be in its grip for ever.

In many of the western countries addiction to drugs especially among the youth has caught on like wild fire and this trend forebodes disaster to the society. Drug-addiction strikes at the root of discipline of the youth misguiding them, leading them astray and make them muddle-headed.Drug-addicts have a tendency to add more and more persons to their company and they desire that others too should become victims of drug addiction.

The Central as well as the State Governments have established counseling and treatment centers for drug and liquor addicts. There are some private counseling and treatment centers for drug and liquor addicts all over the country. The youth should be advised to mould themselves into noble, responsible citizens to enable them to shoulder the responsibilities of the nation. They have to be warned and even castigated for their misguided enthusiasm in evil habits which would slowly and steadily lead them to their doom.

The youth of our country are tomorrow’s citizens and in this world of violence, mutual bitterness and deceit, they should be made to understand that they are the torchbearers of wisdom and discipline. The future of the nation is in their hands.

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Cloning – Ethical or Not?

Debate topics on cloning

Ever since sheep- Dolly was cloned in 1997, a new field of controversy had been flung open-whether this newly acquired technology of cloning is beneficial or detrimental to human race. It was not by accident that Dolly was cloned. It took nearly about 76 nuclear transfer procedures by a Scottish scientist at the Roslin Institute in order to create the first cloned animal ever. The success rate of reproductive cloning still remains doubtful at the present moment because the dangers of reproductive cloning are many. Besides many of the clones thus produced suffer from major abnormalities, for instance, deformation of an organ or its absence. Research has shown that out of all the attempts on reproductive cloning. 90% of them are fail to produce even one viable offspring. Early human cloning experiments are thus at a big stake because they will be more prone to similar abnormalities found in animal clones. These abnormalities found in animal clones.  These abnormalities might result into further medical complications as miscarriages, abortions, birth of offspring with highly deformed organs or abnormal features. Moreover, human cloning is believed to be unethical or immoral.

Essay topics

Another impediment that puts a question mark on reproductive cloning is the uncertainty on the kind of mental development, the clone will have. The mental development of an animal clone produced is of little significance but it acquires important dimensions when it comes to human cloning. Reproductive cloning might put great physiological burdens. Clones raised under different circumstances and environments will turn out to be different in their personalities. Infinite other uncertainties related to the mental development of the offspring, the inefficiency to develop healthy and normal human clones along with many other dangers for the present moment makes human cloning unethical, immoral and even unscientific. It is morally unacceptable because it converts a natural and sacred process of human procreation into a mechanized and beastly human manufacturing industry. The concept is so new and unexplored that the dangers of its processes are ethical issues that are unresolved. Thus, till these issues are resolved, it is wise to ban the dangerous attempts to clone humans.

Debate topics on cloning

On the other hand, therapeutic cloning, which is often confused with reproductive cloning, does not attempt to create an offspring or the replica of progenitor, in fact, in this process, vital stem cells are taken from human embryos, which are in turn used to generate tissues and organs which are again used for transplantation. The ultimate goal is this to treat various kinds of heart diseases. Alzheimer’s disease and it is helpful even in fighting cancer. Reproductive cloning is used for the conception of an offspring which possesses certain desired characteristics of the progenitor is much shrouded in controversy. Therapeutic cloning has a much better position to take.

Cloning thus as a new branch of knowledge and biotechnology is still in its primary stage. It will have to be explored more deeply and tested more rigorously to facilitate it to become acceptable.

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AIDS – Cause and Effects

Essay topics

Acquired Immuno Deficiency syndrome, popularly known by its abbreviation AIDS is a fatal disease as it attacks and destroys the immune system of the body. It is caused by a virus called Human Immuno Deficiency virus or HIV. This virus is even invisible to microscope and can remain in the body for years together without showing any visible symptoms. AIDS is the last stage of infection of the virus. It takes at least 10 years of period between getting infected with HIV and reaching the stage of developing AIDS. The first ever case of a person with AIDS was detected in America in 1959 which later emerged as a dreadfully widespread disease  in the 1980s. In India, it was reported in 1986.

HIV is a fast spreading disease in the world which if-not controlled can take epidemic proportions. As per the reports of Indian Health Organization(IHO), women and children are found to be more prone to the disease. The highest number of AIDS cases are found in Mumbai in India which is known as the AIDS capital of the country. A number of HIV cases are reported in recent years.

Essay topics

As per the common myth, HIV infection is not contagious as is measles or chicken pox. The infection mainly spreads through a sexual route or blood to blood contact. HIV spreads mainly through a sexual relationship, whether heterosexual or homosexual with an infected partner, transfusion of HIV infected blood products, use of infected syringes or needles ans is passed on by an infected mother to her unborn child. It is therefore, foolish to believe that HIV spreads through mosquitoes, touching or shaking hands, coughing, or eating from the same plates, or attending similar schools or working together.

  AIDS in reality caused by a slow and gradual process. Medically, four stages have been in its long process. The initial HIV infection may show general symptoms like fever, body ache or head ache and then lie dormant for years together without showing any further signs. The infection can be passed on through next, a person may develop enlarged glands in the neck or armpits without any pain or other symptoms. Other symptoms can be fatigue, weight loss, chronic diarrhea, prolonged fever, cough, night sweats etc. Gradually the virus damages the immune system. The last stage of the disease takes at least 10 years to culminate into a fully blown AIDS. By this time, the patient’s immune system is totally destroyed and the person gets infected by various. This stage is easily recognized and a man survives only for about 3-4 years after entering this stage.

Two tests are carried out in order to confirm HIV infection- ELISA and Western Blot. Elisa is simple and the results can be known within a few hours but Western Blot is difficult, expensive and time consuming.

Awareness about the disease, its causes and treatment should be created among the masses. Schools and colleges can act as very effective medium of creating awareness among the youth. These youth in turn can be instrumental in spreading awareness among the other sections of the society. HIV patients need to be cared with compassion and be allowed to live and die with dignity.

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A Role Model Student

Essay writing Speech Topics

Students are the future hopes of the country. A student is like clay which can be moulded into any desired shape. Hence, it is necessary that the students be brought up and taught in the right way. The environment of society is responsible for shaping up the character of students.

Discipline is the foremost quality of a student. He has to live in accordance with the strict rules of conduct and discipline. This is the time of life when the foundation of character is laid. A student without a sense of discipline is like a ship without a rudder. He should be obedient and cautious. He should he humble and simple. He should respect his elders and gain knowledge in that he may become a good citizen. A good student should be studious. He should not only study, but also others let study. For this he has to be law-abiding. He should spend a lot of his student develops the habit of reading good books. In order to widen his mental horizon.Essay writing Speech Topics

Students are the citizens of tomorrow. It is very necessary for them to be strong and healthy. The honour of a country cannot saved unless it has strong citizens. To keep himself healthy, a student must take part in games and extracurricular activities. He should be an all-rounder. He should select his friends intelligently and wisely. He must ensure that no evil tempts to him. An ideal student should be an amusing companion. He should have pleasing manners. He should not be coward, because a coward is a curse to society. So he should be bold and hardworking, and be ready to sacrifice himself for the sake of the country.

An ideal student must understand how much he owes to his parents. He should be a servant of humanity. He should also take an active interest in social service. He should be active in finding out solutions to various problems of society. An ideal student should be humorous. He should keep the atmosphere lively by his humorous nature. He should never be passive in mind and body. He should take an active part in the activities of the school. He should be a source of inspiration for others.

The school is a community, and an ideal student should learn to be a useful member of it. This means that he should have good relations with his authorities and friends. He should be frank and fearless. An ideal student will admit his mistake, get it corrected and learn from it. He is fully conscious of his duties and responsibilities. He sets an example for the younger generation. An ideal student has many good qualities. He presents an ideal model of character before others. Such a student will be an asset to the nation.

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The Evils Of dowry system

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The dowry system is the biggest evil of Indian society. The sacred institution of marriage is reduced to a business transaction. Dowry is the money and other items which the parents give away to their daughters at the time of their marriage.

This is a very old custom. It exists in all sections of Indian society. In recent times it has become widespread and problematic to parents and girls. In the past, it was a voluntary offer from the part of the parents of the brides, but now it has become compulsory. Now it is a necessary evil. The system has reduced the dignity of women. It shows that women are inferior to men. Poor parents borrow huge sums of money at high rates of interest to give dowry. Thus, it places the girl’s father in a weak position psychologically and economically, and the economy of the girl’s family is shattered for a long period. Some girls commit suicide just because their parents cannot give them dowry. Some people compel their daughter in laws to bring money even after the marriage.

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Many girls are put to a lot of trouble and some of them even end their lives not long after the marriage. There are instance of persecution and killing of girls by her husband’s relatives just because she has not brought the promised dowry. The system causes a rift between wife and husband or between the families of the boy and the girl. It may result in divorce or dowry death. This is a shame to our society. The dowry system has made the life of women an agony.

This inhuman practice must be put an end to at the earliest. Now there is a great demand by the people that this evil system of dowry should be abolished completely. The educated youth of the country should make aware of this evil and they should come forward to fight this evil. The government has taken many steps to put an end to this system. Law alone cannot produce any desirable result. People should co-operate with the government to wipe out this curse to society. A strong propaganda should be started against this evil by all responsible persons in the society. Then only the black mark on the bright face of our country can be removed.

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