Rising Prices in India – Causes, Consequences and Remedies

 Rising Prices in India

Indian economy is one of the largest economies in the world. It isn’t surprising that India rank 11th in terms of nominal GDP (Gross Domestic Product) and 3rdin terms of PPP(Purchasing Power Parity). But this stupendous growth is accompanied by the emergence of new problems and challenges.

And one of the most grave of them all is that of price rise. There has been widespread uproar regarding the skyrocketing prices of commodities of daily use. Both the government and the citizens have been facing a hard time due to its inability to put a check on the rising inflation rates.

Causes:

To analyze the causes we need to look at the internal and external factors. External factors include global inflation. For example, if an item is imported to India from some foreign country and its price rises, it automatically results in increased production costs in the Indian market. External factors can’t be controlled but internal factors can be. The economists hold the view that due to unprecedented growth in the purchasing power of the people the supply is unable to meet the demands, hence creating price rise in various sectors. Or in other words too much money is chasing few goods. Sometimes the cause may be natural. For example there is a steep rise in the prices of goods of agricultural sector whenever there are occurrences of droughts and floods which lead to shortage of food grains.

The other factor responsible for price rise is increase in production costs. For example increased wages for the labor will result in increased price of production. Besides these there are other causes such as hoarding. Recently onion prices reached new heights owing to the large scale hoarding creating artificial shortage. Also increased population has also contributed significantly to increased price. More population means more mouths to feed and more mouths to feed means increased consumption which inturn results in price rise (inflation).

A certain amount of price rise is inevitable in a developing economy because as income level rises due to newly created opportunities the demand increases. And since a large proportion of the people do not have basic necessities, so the money is spent rather than saved. This creates a direct pressure on the market to supply more goods. But above a threshold limit the price rise begins to have a negative impact on the economy.

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Essay writing – Problem of Rising Prices in India

Problem of Rising Prices in India

Out of the many problems that are facing India, the problem of rising prices is the most intricate. Although it is affecting universally, yet it has rendered the life of the poor impossible to pull on and the number of poor in India is far greater than the rich. So it is the problem of the whole country.

Prices of all commodities are rising almost daily. For what you buy a commodity today, you cannot have it on the same price a few days after. The hardest hit on this problem is the salaried class. The businessmen and the traders meet out the problem of dearness by earning larger profits.

The labour class too charges high wages and has a low standard of living, so they, too, anyway cope with the rising prices. But the salaries often remain fixed. The rate of increase in dearness allowance is so low that it hardly meets the rate of rising prices. The condition of the salaried class in the private sector is all the more problematic.

The Causes of the Rising Prices Are as Follows:

1. Agriculture:

We have ample progress in the field of agriculture and industry but not in proportion to the growth of population. So the supply of things wanted is less than its demand. The result is that the purchasing power of a rupee is going down. In this way, rupee is being devaluated.

2. Inflation:

The government has adopted deficit budgeting. To meet out the deficit of the budget, it takes to printing of more paper currency and having loans from abroad. Consequently there is inflation. The state governments too are in the habit of drawing overdrafts. Inflation and over drafting result in the hoarding of black money which gives rise to prices.

3. Population Growth:

The population is our country is growing rapidly. Growing population surpasses the growth of production in the fields as well as in the industries. Again the problem of demand and supply arises. Supply being less than demand, prices takes a trend of going high.

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5 Main Reasons for the Downward or Negative Slope of the Demand Curves

Main reasons for the downward or negative slope of the demand curves are given below:

The downward slope of the demand curve implies inverse relationship between demand and price of a commodity. Following are the reasons for the downward or negative slope of the demand curves.

Reasons

1. Law of diminishing marginal utility:

The utility of an additional unit of a commodity is the Marginal Utility (MU). Utility is the basis of demand.

Law of diminishing marginal utility states that marginal utility of a commodity diminishes when a consumer takes successive units of a commodity.

In order to maximize satisfaction a consumer will stop the purchase of the commodity when MU equals its price (MUX = Px).

When the price of the commodity falls the consumer will purchase more units of the commodity so that MU falls to equal the price. If the price rises, the opposite happens.

2. Income effect:

As the price of a commodity falls, the real income or purchasing power of the buyer increases because he can purchase the same quantity of the commodity with lesser amount of money at a lower price.

A part of the increase in his real income may be used to purchase more of the cheaper commodity while remaining part may be spend on other goods.

This is the income effect of fall in price. Therefore, when price falls, the quantity demanded increases due to increased real income and vice-versa.

3. Substitution effect:

When the price of a commodity falls, it becomes relatively cheaper in comparison to its substitutes.

Therefore, the consumer would prefer to substitute this cheaper commodity for other goods whose Prices remain unchanged. This is the substitution effect of price effect.

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Dealing With Negative People – Essay Writing

Dealing With Negative People

In each and every individuals life there are a few people who are so negative that once you have even a slightest amount of conversation with them you get a headache for the whole day. If you tell them that you are going to New Delhi boarding an airplane, they will say that be careful, airplanes are prone to accidents.

In each and every case they have to take out the negativity from any given situation. At times we are so much influenced by the non-stop negativity of these negative people we are also left in the same position as theirs and all that happens to us as a result is that we are left with in-numerous negative thoughts popping in our heads. It is very difficult to deal with such negative people and the situations that they create.

But as they say, nothing is impossible. Dealing with negative people is also possible if one is determined to do so. There are certain factors that should be kept in mind while dealing with negative people.

The following are the factors:

1. Avoid these People:

It is not rude to stay away from the company of negative people, if you are doing so, it is only for your own benefit and development. Whenever such a situation arises that you cannot tolerate their negative vibrations it is better for you to leave the place. It will be better for you and also for the negative person because at least he will not give words to all the negativity that exists in his or her tiny head.

2. Avoid an Argument:

It is essential to avoid arguing with a negative individual because not only will this argument immerse you into deep imbalance but your positive will also shift its focus to their negative. If that negative individual thinks that he or she has won the argument if will be good for both you and him because at least now the negative individual will shut up.

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Should Hospital Employees Have the Right to Strike?

Should Hospital Employees Have the Right to Strike?

A hospital is a place where people comes for treatment of their disease by specialized equipment and employee personnel such as doctors, assistants and nurses etc. It is a health care institution generally established by both profit and non-profit organization. There are thousands of hospitals all around the world, among them many are funded by public sector.

“The very first requirement in a hospital is that it should do the sick no harm.” – Florence Nightingale

Hospital is a place where all the sick comes with the hope of returning back home with a healthy mind and body. All the patients admitted in the hospital are at the mercy of the hospital employees. In many cases a patient’s life totally is dependent on the functionality of the hospital, if the functioning of a hospital somehow stops it may end the life of a patient. We see many employee personal of different types of companies going on strikes to fulfill their demands. Many companies have faced heavy loss due to the strike by employee. Strikes are harmful for both a company and its employee.

The losses are never always monetary losses. Sometimes it can also take a person’s life, like in case of a hospital, if all the staff goes on strike, who will take care of the ill specially those who are under critical condition and are admitted in the ICU? It is difficult to imagine what will happen to the patients if the hospital staffs stop working altogether.

I do not think hospital staffs should go for strike. Hospital staff going for strike is like terrorist kidnapping an airplane. The authorities have to fulfill the demand in order to save the life of the critical patients. Allowing hospital staff to go for strike means giving them power in hands to get any demand fulfilled. There are many ways by which employees of a hospital or any other organization can protest. Strike should be used as the last resort.

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Essay writing on Hobbies

Hobbies

A hobby is a pleasant occupation which is not directly connected with one’s regular duties. It is generally pursued when a man is free from his daily work. It is an interesting activity of a person during his leisure time. A hobby is the best form of recreation to the mind and the body.

Regular work makes one’s life mechanical and monotonous. It causes physical and mental strain. But a hobby provides change and relaxation.   A hobby is a useful work in which one takes  interest and derives pleasure by doing it during free time. It is very essential for relaxation and to get amused during free time. Hobbies help one to spend one’s leisure profitably and pleasantly. A hobby not only gives us pleasure, but also helps us to earn money. In reality, a hobby is a change of work which is done for the main purpose of refreshing oneself. We pursue it for amusement and recreation. Hobbies give us mental and physical relaxation when we are tired of our daily work. We must have some leisure for our enjoyment. If we have no hobby, we cannot have a happy life.  A hobby keeps a person active and happy.

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Good Manners – Essay Writing Topics

Good Manners

If a man is a bundle of habits, a gentleman is a bundle of good manners. A man of good manners is an ornament, but a rude man is a plague to society. Good manners have always been the hallmarks of noble souls like Krishna, Buddha, Christ, Mohamed, George Washington and Gandhi.

Manners make a complete man and without them he will still be an animal. Good manners in life are very essential as they are a very valuable possession for social relations. They also help a person to win good friends and admiration. Good manners are indispensable to all. They are a better possession than wealth, beauty or talent. Good manners make a person civilized and cultured. Civility of speech and action is required of a good man. A person without refined manners will always remain uncivilized and will be disliked by others. So, children should be taught good manners from early childhood itself.

Good manners are based on courtesy and politeness. Civility and courtesy are of great value. A merchant who is not courteous soon loses his customers. A political leader who is not courteous soon becomes unpopular. If a teacher wants to be popular, he must deal with his students in a courteous manner. Good manners do not come naturally. They have to be learn and acquired. If children are not told and shown how to behave properly, they may grow rough and rude like savages.

Good manners are not the same in all countries. But the principle of-good manners is the same everywhere-it implies consideration for the feelings of others. They are the mark of a gentleman and a real gentleman always tries to consider the feelings of others. He will not say things that hurt them, he will not speak in a rude way to offend them, and he will not do things which others don’t like while in their company. Listening to the views of others with interest is also a sign of good manners. So, good manners spring from unselfishness.

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Freedom of the Press – Essay writing

Freedom of the Press

The press has been hailed everywhere as the guardian of liberty. The freedom of the press is the measuring yard of all the civil, political, religious and social rights of the citizen. The freedom of the press is an inevitable factor for the success of a democratic society.

A free press plays a positive and constructive role in the life of a democratic nation.  Unless the press enjoys freedom, it cannot defend and protect the rights and liberties of the citizens. A free press signifies an open society where decisions are made according to democratic traditions. A press can perform its duties only if it is free and independent in publishing news and views. This means that governmental control on the press should be the minimum.   The press should not be afraid of upholding and supporting a just and righteous cause.   It should not be afraid of making a constructive criticism of the government and its policies. The press should also not be afraid of criticising influential politicians, businessmen and other persons and should bring them before the law if they violate the rules of the country. The press should be always vigilant to protect the rights of workers, poor people, the minorities and backward and oppressed sections of the society.

Since the 18th century, the press has been considered as the Fourth Estate. It gives information and news. Democracy can be successful only with a free, frank and fearless press. In a democracy, the press keeps the people informed about the programmes and policies of the government. Similarly, it keeps the government informed of the desires, suggestions and grievances of the people. Thus it tries to bridge the gap between the government and the people. Thus it represents free public opinion which is the cornerstone of democracy.

The freedom of expression of individuals indirectly depends upon the freedom of the press. It places checks and balances on the government. It publishes many facts which the governments try to hide. Investigative journalism can bring to light corruptions of politicians, ministers and businessmen, the relationship between the politicians and the underworld dons, anti-social practices like smuggling and drug addiction, and the internal and external forces which threaten the peace and security of a nation.

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Food Problem in India – Essay Writing

Food Problem in India

India is an agricultural country. Nearly three-fourths of the population of India depends upon agriculture and allied occupations. Even then India is faced with the problem of scarcity of food grains. Of course at present the food situation in India has improved. But the future is always uncertain as far as the availability of food is concerned.

There are many causes for the shortage of food in India. The methods of cultivation in India are old-fashioned. The implements used by the farmers are outdated and crude. The seeds which they use are also not of improved quality. The farmer being a very poor person is unable to invest money for the improvement of his fields. The Indian farmers are too poor and ignorant to buy modern tools and implements. Scientific methods of cultivation are not practised. The net result is poor production. The next reason for the food problem is that Indian agriculture is a gamble during the monsoons.   Indian farmers still depend on the rain for cultivation. But the rains are very uncertain in India. If the rains are poor, the agriculture suffers. This may cause famine and drought. Similarly, if there is excessive rain, floods play havoc and cause a lot of damage to crops, resulting in famines. Irrigation facilities in India are not widespread.

One of the main causes for the food problem is the increasing population in India: Production of food grains has not increased in proportion to the rise in population. Every year, the population increases by a few crores so that it is very difficult to meet the food requirements. Besides, farmers are more after cash crops than after food crops. The result is that the area under cultivation for food grains has decreased. Hoarders and black marketeers cause artificial food shortages by hoarding food grains. They purchase large quantities of food grains at the time of harvest at cheap rates. They hoard food grains to sell them at black market rates during the time of scarcity. A huge quantity of food grains is also destroyed by pests like rats. Food grains are not distributed properly. In some places the scarcity of food is due to the food habits of .the people. Rice eaters find it difficult to take to wheat eating.

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Environmental Pollution – Essay Writing

 Environmental Pollution

The most important problem faced by the modern world today is environmental pollution. Unless and until effective measures are adopted to prevent this grave problem, it is going to affect life on earth. Man has exploited the natural resources in order to meet the demands of the ever-increasing population and also to meet the requirements of industries. As the demand for basic things like food, water, clothes and shelter increased; man exploited natural resources like minerals, forests, water and agriculture. Even today, scientists are making efforts to produce more and more goods using the latest technology. All these have resulted in environmental pollution.

Water is very necessary for life. But it is polluted. The major factors of water pollution are sewage and domestic wastes, industrial effluents, agricultural discharges, fertilizers and. pesticides, toxic metals, thermal waste and radioactive materials. Sea water gets polluted by the waste thrown out from cargo ships and by the dumping of wastes from nuclear reactors. People throw dead bodies of men and animals into the rivers. Villagers bathe their cattle in ponds and rivers. All these go to pollute the water, make it unfit for drinking, and ruin all forms of life in the water.

Air pollution or atmospheric pollution is mainly caused by the gases given out by burning petroleum products, coal, firewood etc. Vehicles emit large amounts of gaseous pollutants into the air. The exhaust gases from automobiles and factories add to the air, sulphur dioxide, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxide, dust etc. Such polluted atmosphere causes acid rain. It is now calculated that the content of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere has increased by 25% in the last 100 years. The mean temperature of the atmosphere has increased from .3°C to .7°C during the period. Carbon monoxide leads to respiratory problems and acid rains due to sulphur dioxide damage crops, plants and marble buildings. Smoke causes pollution in big industrial cities. The ozone layer has depleted to the extent of 3 to 4% in the last 100 years. Chloro-fluro-carbons escaping from damaged fridges, air-coolers, sprays and artificial aerosoles, destroy the ozone layer. Supersonic aeroplanes seeking this zone for their flight consume ozone largely and replace it with carbon-dioxide.

Sound pollution is also very harmful. Loud sounds of buses, trains, aeroplanes etc. cause sound pollution. The loud noise of heavy machines in factories, industries and workshops also causes sound pollution. Loudspeakers, radio and television sets are injurious when these are tuned at full volume. Too much noise affects the nervous system, and causes deafness and mental diseases.

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Corruption in Public Life

Corruption in Public Life

Corruption may be defined as the acceptance of bribes for doing some work for someone. In other words, it is the illegal way of taking rewards for rendering a service which is part of one’s normal duty.

Corruption is the biggest evil in our society. Incidents of corruption are always on the increase. It has become a fashion in public life. Leaders and administrators who are to take measures to prevent corruption often become agents of corruption. Corruption in its wider sense has always been there at all times. The evil of corruption is reigning in every field of India’s national activity. It is difficult to find an office where legitimate work is done speedily without bribes.

The main reason for corruption in India is the poverty of the country which has demoralised the nation as a whole, lack of integrity among the leaders, and the absence of moral content in education. The extent to which corruption may flourish in a country depends largely on the attitude of the public. In the case of India, it is one of indifference. Public indifference is the unconscious sanction to governmental corruption. This may be due to ignorance, but the main reason is historical. Corruption needs two.pre-requisites. Firstly, there must be a tendency on the part of an individual to accept gratification and secondly, he must have some influence over some sections of the public. In the past, corruption was confined only to the official. class. But after independence, the non-officials who came to power through election also joined this trade. In advanced democratic countries, elected representatives are men of character and integrity and they already have a profession. But in India, public workers are people who are politicians by profession. They try to get as much as possible by interferring in the day- to- day administration. These politicians demand bribes for transfers and postings. Anti-corruption departments in the states are themselves the seed-beds of corruption. The governments fail to take necessary action when a case is referred to them. Administration is weak and the implementation of government laws is defective.

Corruption eats into the society and ultimately ruins the economy. Slowly, the nation will get weaker and weaker. A corrupt society or nation has no morality. Such a nation may face the threat of internal weakness and external aggression. So, sincere efforts are to be made to eradicate corruption from public life. The immediate remedy for this is to separate the functions of politicians and officials.

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Copying in Examinations or Mass Copying

Mass copying in examinations is a universal phenomenon these days.  Many students even consider it their birth right. Copying has become widespread in examinations. The authorities find it difficult to control it. Be it a school, a college or a university examination centre, the examinees vie with each other in copying the answers. There are … Read more Copying in Examinations or Mass Copying

Child Labour in India

Children are the wealth of a nation. They are the citizens of tomorrow. The future prosperity of a nation lies in them. It is they who are going to control and rule the nation in all spheres of its activity. So the prosperity, well-being, and social, economic and moral progress of a nation depends to a great extent on how children are brought up.

But the case of India with regard to the well-being of her children is far from satisfactory. Child labour is a common feature in India. Even as the country is on the threshold of the 21st century, thousands of her children still spoil their career in unhygienic factories and hotels and also in smuggling and other anti-social activities. Child labour is one, of the major evils of urbanisation and industrialisation. It is common because of its easy availability and cheapness. In India there is a vast population, but not enough employment. Unemployment is acute among the youth. Even then child labour is practised by exploiters.

The main reason for child labour is poverty. Poor parents often have many children in their families. They believe that the greater the number of children, the higher will be the income of the family. Instead of sending the children to school, poor parents send them out for work. The second reason for child labour is ignorance and illiteracy. Illiterate parents do not realise that they are spoiling the career of their children by sending them to work. The third reason for child labour is its easy availability and cheapness. The employers pay only very small wages to the children, and thus they become rich by clever exploitation.

Children are the future builders of the nation. They are the real asset of the nation. One can see a number of children in the age group of 5 to 10 working in hotels, factories and other places for a petty salary. Thousands of children work in match-box companies, cracker-making companies and presses in Sivakasi in Tamil Nadu. They are paid from Rs.2 to Rs.5 for a day’s work. They spoil their health and career by working under unhygienic and dangerous conditions. Gradually they become a liability to the nation.

Childhood is the blooming period of man. Each child has a right to get the facilities of childhood. It is a delicate age. The experiences of childhood have a great impact on one’s future life. The future course of life will be determined to a large extent from the training got in his childhood. A child should have sources of recreation and enjoyment, opportunities for education, healthy food and good clothes to wear. Only then he will grow and develop into a useful citizen.   Child labour destroys the creativity of a child. Poverty drives many children to resort to anti-social activities also. Many of them grow as criminals. Later they may turn into smugglers and drug carriers, and thus become a menace to the nation.

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Essay writing topics Child Labour in India

essay writing topics

Child Labour in India

Children are the wealth of a nation. They are the citizens of tomorrow. The future prosperity of a nation lies in them. It is they who are going to control and rule the nation in all spheres of its activity. So the prosperity, well-being, and social, economic and moral progress of a nation depends to a great extent on how children are brought up.

  But the case of India with regard to the well-being of her children is far from satisfactory. Child labour is a common feature in India. Even as the country is on the threshold of the 21st century, thousands of her children still spoil their career in unhygienic factories and hotels and also in smuggling and other anti-social activities. Child labour is one, of the major evils of urbanization and industrialization. It is common because of its easy availability and cheapness. In India there is a vast population, but not enough employment. Unemployment is acute among the youth. Even then child labour is practiced by exploiters.

The main reason for child labour is poverty. Poor parents often have many children in their families. They believe that the greater the number of children, the higher will be the income of the family. Instead of sending the children to school, poor parents send them out for work. The second reason for child labour is ignorance and illiteracy. Illiterate parents do not realize that they are spoiling the career of their children by sending them to work. The third reason for child labour is its easy availability and cheapness. The employers pay only very small wages to the children, and thus they become rich by clever exploitation.

Children are the future builders of the nation. They are the real asset of the nation. One can see a number of children in the age group of 5 to 10 working in hotels, factories and other places for a petty salary. Thousands of children work in match-box companies, cracker-making companies and presses in Sivakasi in Tamil Nadu. They are paid from Rs.2 to Rs.5 for a day’s work. They spoil their health and career by working under unhygienic and dangerous conditions. Gradually they become a liability to the nation.

essay writing topics

Childhood is the blooming period of man. Each child has a right to get the facilities of childhood. It is a delicate age. The experiences of childhood have a great impact on one’s future life. The future course of life will be determined to a large extent from the training got in his childhood. A child should have sources of recreation and enjoyment, opportunities for education, healthy food and good clothes to wear. Only then he will grow and develop into a useful citizen.   Child labour destroys the creativity of a child. Poverty drives many children to resort to anti-social activities also. Many of them grow as criminals. Later they may turn into smugglers and drug carriers, and thus become a menace to the nation.

Child labour is a social and economic evil. Most of the child labour is actually bounded labour. It makes the children pessimistic.  It causes adult unemployment also. The government and social reformers have raised their voice against this evil practice. There are laws to prevent child labour.  However, these laws are not implemented property.  Unless and until effective measures are taken to prevent this social evil, the country will lose her vigour and vitality.

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Essay writing Topics Books and Reading

essay writing topics

Books Are Friends or Books and Reading

Knowledge knows no bounds. Reading books contributes to the enrichment of our knowledge in-terms of human experience and information. Happy is the man who acquires the habit of reading when he is young. Books are for him a life-long source of pleasure, instruction and inspiration. He never feels lonely because he has books as his beloved friends. He always has a pleasant use of his leisure so that he never feels bored. He is in possession of a wealth more precious than gold. Books are treasuries, not filled with gold, silver and precious stones, but with knowledge, noble thoughts and high ideals.

Regular reading keeps our knowledge up-to-date about the happenings in the world. If we stop the habit of reading, then we are like fish out of water. Books are our trusted guides. They enlighten us and give us the knowledge we lack. As we should choose only good friends, so we should choose only good books. Some books are cheap and misleading. We should not read such books. Good books increase our knowledge, give us good vocabulary and we learn the language better. Who can give us so much knowledge in such a short period of time?

Books give us the highest pleasure, provided we choose the right kind of books. Some books like novels and stories are read simply for pleasure and amusement. They bring relaxation to a tired brain. There are many books on history, philosophy, religion, travel and science which we ought to read. Such serious readings will give us not only pleasure, but valuable education. Poetry transports us into a world of noble thoughts and imagination.

essay writing topics

We should make reading a regular habit. The first thing to do is to become a member of a library. Then we should make it a habit to choose good books from it. Knowledge once gained can never be lost. Opportunities may not always wait for us. So, students must make reading books a habit. Reading gives a person great pleasure, trains his mind, makes him think and teaches him much. Books are the most faithful of friends. Our friends may change or die, but books are always waiting patiently to give us company.

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